Abstract

We demonstrate a new kind of single-mode micro-optical waveguide based on a liquid core on top of solid substrate and air cladding. The liquid is held in place by surface tension and patterned surface energy on the substrate. Due to the smooth nature of the liquid/air interface down to the molecular level, low scattering losses are expected. Losses were measured to be 6.0 and 7.8dB/cm for, respectively, 12 and 9 μm wide waveguides.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Nat. Photonics 5, 598 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. X. Fan and I. M. White, Nat. Photonics 5, 591 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Dong, A. K. Agarwal, D. J. Beebe, and H. Jiang, Nature 442, 551 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J.-M. Lim, J. P. Urbanski, T. Thorsen, and S.-M. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 044101 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Uebbing, S. Hengstler, D. Schroeder, S. Venkatesh, and R. Haven, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1528 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J.-M. Lim, S.-H. Kim, J.-H. Choi, and S.-M. Yang, Lab Chip 8, 1580 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 3 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, E. J. Lunt, and A. R. Hawkins, Opt. Express 13, 10564 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Jonáš, B. Yalizay, S. Akturk, and A. Kiraz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 091123 (2014).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. G. de Gennes, Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 827 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Gau, S. Herminghaus, P. Lenz, and R. Lipowsky, Science 283, 46 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Darhuber, S. Troian, J. Davis, S. Miller, and S. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5119 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. Roelkens and D. Thourhout, Silicon Photonics II, D. J. Lockwood and L. Pavesi, eds., Vol. 119 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2011), p. 71.

2014 (1)

A. Jonáš, B. Yalizay, S. Akturk, and A. Kiraz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 091123 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

J.-M. Lim, J. P. Urbanski, T. Thorsen, and S.-M. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 044101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Nat. Photonics 5, 598 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Fan and I. M. White, Nat. Photonics 5, 591 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

J.-M. Lim, S.-H. Kim, J.-H. Choi, and S.-M. Yang, Lab Chip 8, 1580 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

L. Dong, A. K. Agarwal, D. J. Beebe, and H. Jiang, Nature 442, 551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Uebbing, S. Hengstler, D. Schroeder, S. Venkatesh, and R. Haven, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1528 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, E. J. Lunt, and A. R. Hawkins, Opt. Express 13, 10564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. Darhuber, S. Troian, J. Davis, S. Miller, and S. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Gau, S. Herminghaus, P. Lenz, and R. Lipowsky, Science 283, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

P. G. de Gennes, Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 827 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A. K.

L. Dong, A. K. Agarwal, D. J. Beebe, and H. Jiang, Nature 442, 551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Akturk, S.

A. Jonáš, B. Yalizay, S. Akturk, and A. Kiraz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 091123 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Barber, J. P.

Beebe, D. J.

L. Dong, A. K. Agarwal, D. J. Beebe, and H. Jiang, Nature 442, 551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blu, T.

A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brinkmann, M.

R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, K.

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J.-H.

J.-M. Lim, S.-H. Kim, J.-H. Choi, and S.-M. Yang, Lab Chip 8, 1580 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Conroy, R.

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Darhuber, A.

A. Darhuber, S. Troian, J. Davis, S. Miller, and S. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Davis, J.

A. Darhuber, S. Troian, J. Davis, S. Miller, and S. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Gennes, P. G.

P. G. de Gennes, Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 827 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dimova, R.

R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

L. Dong, A. K. Agarwal, D. J. Beebe, and H. Jiang, Nature 442, 551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fainman, Y.

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

X. Fan and I. M. White, Nat. Photonics 5, 591 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fischbach, M.

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Garstecki, P.

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gau, H.

H. Gau, S. Herminghaus, P. Lenz, and R. Lipowsky, Science 283, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Groisman, A.

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haluska, C.

R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haven, R.

J. Uebbing, S. Hengstler, D. Schroeder, S. Venkatesh, and R. Haven, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1528 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hawkins, A.

H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Nat. Photonics 5, 598 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hawkins, A. R.

Hengstler, S.

J. Uebbing, S. Hengstler, D. Schroeder, S. Venkatesh, and R. Haven, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1528 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Herminghaus, S.

H. Gau, S. Herminghaus, P. Lenz, and R. Lipowsky, Science 283, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

L. Dong, A. K. Agarwal, D. J. Beebe, and H. Jiang, Nature 442, 551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jonáš, A.

A. Jonáš, B. Yalizay, S. Akturk, and A. Kiraz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 091123 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Jung, G.

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kierfeld, J.

R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.-H.

J.-M. Lim, S.-H. Kim, J.-H. Choi, and S.-M. Yang, Lab Chip 8, 1580 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kiraz, A.

A. Jonáš, B. Yalizay, S. Akturk, and A. Kiraz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 091123 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, P.

H. Gau, S. Herminghaus, P. Lenz, and R. Lipowsky, Science 283, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levy, U.

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J.-M.

J.-M. Lim, J. P. Urbanski, T. Thorsen, and S.-M. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 044101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lim, S.-H. Kim, J.-H. Choi, and S.-M. Yang, Lab Chip 8, 1580 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lipowsky, R.

R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Gau, S. Herminghaus, P. Lenz, and R. Lipowsky, Science 283, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lunt, E. J.

Mayers, B.

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Melchior, T.

A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miller, S.

A. Darhuber, S. Troian, J. Davis, S. Miller, and S. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mookherjea, S.

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Müller, M.

A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Olynick, D.

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pang, L.

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paul, K.

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prentiss, M.

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Quake, S. R.

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roelkens, G.

G. Roelkens and D. Thourhout, Silicon Photonics II, D. J. Lockwood and L. Pavesi, eds., Vol. 119 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2011), p. 71.

Sage, D.

A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Nat. Photonics 5, 598 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Yin, H. Schmidt, J. P. Barber, E. J. Lunt, and A. R. Hawkins, Opt. Express 13, 10564 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schroeder, D.

J. Uebbing, S. Hengstler, D. Schroeder, S. Venkatesh, and R. Haven, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1528 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shillcock, J.

R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stalder, A.

A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thorsen, T.

J.-M. Lim, J. P. Urbanski, T. Thorsen, and S.-M. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 044101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thourhout, D.

G. Roelkens and D. Thourhout, Silicon Photonics II, D. J. Lockwood and L. Pavesi, eds., Vol. 119 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2011), p. 71.

Tong, W.

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Troian, S.

A. Darhuber, S. Troian, J. Davis, S. Miller, and S. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uebbing, J.

J. Uebbing, S. Hengstler, D. Schroeder, S. Venkatesh, and R. Haven, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1528 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Unser, M.

A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Urbanski, J. P.

J.-M. Lim, J. P. Urbanski, T. Thorsen, and S.-M. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 044101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Venkatesh, S.

J. Uebbing, S. Hengstler, D. Schroeder, S. Venkatesh, and R. Haven, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1528 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, S.

A. Darhuber, S. Troian, J. Davis, S. Miller, and S. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

White, I. M.

X. Fan and I. M. White, Nat. Photonics 5, 591 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Whitesides, G.

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R.

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wolfe, D.

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W.

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yalizay, B.

A. Jonáš, B. Yalizay, S. Akturk, and A. Kiraz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 091123 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.-M.

J.-M. Lim, J. P. Urbanski, T. Thorsen, and S.-M. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 044101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Lim, S.-H. Kim, J.-H. Choi, and S.-M. Yang, Lab Chip 8, 1580 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J.-M. Lim, J. P. Urbanski, T. Thorsen, and S.-M. Yang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 044101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Campbell, A. Groisman, U. Levy, L. Pang, S. Mookherjea, D. Psaltis, and Y. Fainman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6119 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Jonáš, B. Yalizay, S. Akturk, and A. Kiraz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 104, 091123 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Colloids Surf. A (1)

A. Stalder, T. Melchior, M. Müller, D. Sage, T. Blu, and M. Unser, Colloids Surf. A 364, 72 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Darhuber, S. Troian, J. Davis, S. Miller, and S. Wagner, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 5119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Microelectromech. Syst. (1)

J. Uebbing, S. Hengstler, D. Schroeder, S. Venkatesh, and R. Haven, J. Microelectromech. Syst. 15, 1528 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

R. Lipowsky, M. Brinkmann, R. Dimova, C. Haluska, J. Kierfeld, and J. Shillcock, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 17, S2885 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lab Chip (1)

J.-M. Lim, S.-H. Kim, J.-H. Choi, and S.-M. Yang, Lab Chip 8, 1580 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

G. Jung, Z. Li, W. Wu, Y. Chen, D. Olynick, S. Wang, W. Tong, and R. Williams, Langmuir 21, 1158 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Microfluid. Nanofluid. (2)

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 3 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

H. Schmidt and A. Hawkins, Nat. Photonics 5, 598 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Fan and I. M. White, Nat. Photonics 5, 591 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

L. Dong, A. K. Agarwal, D. J. Beebe, and H. Jiang, Nature 442, 551 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Psaltis, S. R. Quake, and C. Yang, Nature 442, 381 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

D. Wolfe, R. Conroy, P. Garstecki, B. Mayers, M. Fischbach, K. Paul, M. Prentiss, and G. Whitesides, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 12434 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

P. G. de Gennes, Rev. Mod. Phys. 57, 827 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. Gau, S. Herminghaus, P. Lenz, and R. Lipowsky, Science 283, 46 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. Roelkens and D. Thourhout, Silicon Photonics II, D. J. Lockwood and L. Pavesi, eds., Vol. 119 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer, 2011), p. 71.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Simulation of the electric field amplitude |E| of a single-mode waveguide with contact angle θ=14.0° and width=9.2μm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Conceptual representation of the liquid waveguides with grating couplers to couple in and out the guided light. (a) Glass substrate. (b) Gold interconnecting paths necessary in the grating fabrication step. (c) Liquid waveguides. (d) Grating couplers. (e) Optical fibers that launch and capture coupled light.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) SEM image of a gold grating coupler on glass. (b) Fabricated device with grating couplers and an inset showing a thin-film interference pattern for a single waveguide. (c) Demonstration of bent waveguides.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured loss in dB/cm for the three waveguide design widths W. A parasitic Fabry–Perot etalon is clearly visible.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Measured Contact Angles and Widths of Waveguides Used During Optical Measurements with Gratingsa

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

γSVγSLγLVcos(θ)=0.
ΔP0+Δρgh=γLV(1R1+1R2),
αdB/cm(λ)=P2(λ)P1(λ)L2L1.

Metrics