Abstract

This Letter describes the design of an optical amplifier system optimized to reduce the relative intensity noise (RIN) of the input signal, and discloses its performance in terms of intensity noise reduction and bandwidth, without phase noise degradation. This polarization-maintaining amplifier is composed of an erbium-doped fiber amplifier (EDFA) cascaded with a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). The EDFA is sized to feed the SOA with a constant power corresponding to the optimal saturation level for noise reduction, through coherent population oscillations. When properly optimized, such an amplifier provides, simultaneously, 17 dB optical gain, 5.4 dB noise factor, and 20 dB reduction of the input-RIN across a 3 GHz bandwidth, without any electronics feedback loop.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013

2011

2009

P. Berger, M. Alouini, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, and D. Dolfi, C. R. Phys. 10, 991 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2005

2004

A. D. McCoy, L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 40, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996

1993

M. Kobayashi, T. Ishihara, and M. Gotoh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 925 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986

L. Richter, H. Andelberg, M. Kruger, and P. McGrath, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Henry, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1944

H. T. Friis, Proc. IRE 32, 419 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Akalin, T.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Alouini, M.

A. El Amili, G. Kervella, and M. Alouini, Opt. Express 21, 8773 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, Opt. Express 19, 21180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Berger, M. Alouini, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, and D. Dolfi, C. R. Phys. 10, 991 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Boula-Picard, M. Alouini, J. Lopez, N. Vodjdani, and J. C. Simon, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2420 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Andelberg, H.

L. Richter, H. Andelberg, M. Kruger, and P. McGrath, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Baili, G.

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Beck, A.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Benazet, B.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Berger, P.

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, Opt. Express 19, 21180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Berger, M. Alouini, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, and D. Dolfi, C. R. Phys. 10, 991 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bondu, F.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Bouhier, S.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Boula-Picard, R.

Bourderionnet, J.

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, Opt. Express 19, 21180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Berger, M. Alouini, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, and D. Dolfi, C. R. Phys. 10, 991 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Bretenaker, F.

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, Opt. Express 19, 21180 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Berger, M. Alouini, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, and D. Dolfi, C. R. Phys. 10, 991 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Baili, M. Alouini, D. Dolfi, F. Bretenaker, I. Sagnes, and A. Garnache, Opt. Lett. 32, 650 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brillet, A.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Brunel, M.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Carre, A.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Cleva, F.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Coinon, C.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Coulon, J. P.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Danion, G.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

De Geronimo, G.

Di Bin, P.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

Ducournau, G.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Eisenstein, G.

El Amili, A.

Frein, L.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Friis, H. T.

H. T. Friis, Proc. IRE 32, 419 (1944).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L. B.

A. D. McCoy, L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 40, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Garnache, A.

Gotoh, M.

M. Kobayashi, T. Ishihara, and M. Gotoh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 925 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hamel, C.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, J. Lightwave Technol. 4, 288 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

A. D. McCoy, L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 40, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ishihara, T.

M. Kobayashi, T. Ishihara, and M. Gotoh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 925 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kervella, G.

Kobayashi, M.

M. Kobayashi, T. Ishihara, and M. Gotoh, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 925 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kruger, M.

L. Richter, H. Andelberg, M. Kruger, and P. McGrath, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Lampin, J. F.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Laporta, P.

Le Floch, A.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loas, G.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Lopez, J.

McCoy, A. D.

A. D. McCoy, L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 40, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McGrath, P.

L. Richter, H. Andelberg, M. Kruger, and P. McGrath, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Merzougui, M.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Morvan, L.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Peytavit, E.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Pillet, G.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Richardson, D. J.

A. D. McCoy, L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 40, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Richter, L.

L. Richter, H. Andelberg, M. Kruger, and P. McGrath, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 2070 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Rolland, A.

G. Danion, G. Loas, L. Frein, C. Hamel, A. Carre, S. Bouhier, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, A. Rolland, M. Alouini, F. Bondu, F. Cleva, J. P. Coulon, M. Merzougui, A. Brillet, A. Beck, G. Ducournau, M. Zaknoune, C. Coinon, X. Wallart, E. Peytavit, T. Akalin, J. F. Lampin, G. Pillet, L. Morvan, G. Baili, and J. Bourderionnet, in European Frequency and Time Forum and International Frequency Control Symposium (EFTF/IFC) (2013), pp. 40–42.

Sagnes, I.

Shtaif, M.

Simon, J. C.

Svelto, O.

Taccheo, S.

Thomsen, B. C.

A. D. McCoy, L. B. Fu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomsen, and D. J. Richardson, Electron. Lett. 40, 107 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thony, P.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vallet, M.

M. Alouini, B. Benazet, M. Vallet, M. Brunel, P. Di Bin, F. Bretenaker, A. Le Floch, and P. Thony, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Frequency responses normalized to the gain for infinity frequency of (a) the EDFA and (b) the SOA.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

SOA RIN reduction measured at 100 kHz for different input powers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Setup of the GHz bandwidth noise eater hybrid amplifier. ISO, optical isolator; WDM, wavelength division multiplexer at 980 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RIN at input (laser RIN) and output of the amplifier chain. The peak corresponds to the excess noise lying at the relaxation oscillation frequency of the laser.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Frequency noise at input and output of the hybrid optical amplifier system.

Equations (1)

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F=FEDFA+FSOA1GEDFA,

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