Abstract

The scattering of electromagnetic waves from rough surfaces has been actively studied for more than a century now because of its involvement in vast application areas. In the past two decades, great advances have been made by incorporating multiple scattering effects into analytical approaches. However, no model can yet be applied to surfaces with arbitrary roughness. It is also very difficult to study the cross-polarization, shadowing, or multiple scattering effects. In order to study more fundamentally the interaction of polarized light with more general rough surfaces of general media, we have developed a rigorous numerical simulator to calculate the resulting speckle fields. The full Maxwell equations were solved using surface integral equations combined with a boundary element method. The rough surface was discretized by higher order quadrilateral edge elements. The effective tangential electric and magnetic fields in each element in terms of 10 edges were first solved. The scattered electric and magnetic fields everywhere in space were then calculated correspondingly. One of the great advantages of such a simulator is that both the near and far fields can be calculated directly. Preliminary results of different kinds of metallic structures are presented, by which the advantages of the method are demonstrated.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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