Abstract

A method for measurement of a magnetic field by combining photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) and magnetic fluid is presented and experimentally demonstrated. The magnetic fluid is filled into the air holes of the cladding layer in the PCF. Due to the tunable refractive index property of the magnetic fluid, the refractive index difference between the fiber core and cladding layer is changed with the external magnetic field. The magnetic field can be directly detected by measuring the intensity of the transmission light. A series of magnetic fields with different strengths have been measured with the sensor. The experimental results show that a resolution of up to 0.09 Oe is achieved, and a good repetition is demonstrated experimentally. Compared with other expensive methods, the proposed method possesses high sensitivity and low cost.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (2)

Y. P. Miao and J. Q. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 62, 044223 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zheng, Y. Zhu, and S. Krishnaswamy, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 176, 264 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. X. Chen, X. G. Huang, J. H. Zhu, G. C. Li, and S. Lan, Opt. Lett. 36, 2761 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

Y. Jiang, C. J. Tang, and F. J. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 51, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

Chan, C. C.

Chao, Y. H.

Chen, L. H.

Chen, L. X.

Chieh, J. J.

Deng, Y. L.

Ding, H.

Dong, X.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, T. Gong, Y. Jin, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

Fujisawa, T.

Geng, Y. F.

Gong, T.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, T. Gong, Y. Jin, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, S.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hong, X. M.

Horng, H. E.

Huang, X. G.

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, C. J. Tang, and F. J. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 51, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, T. Gong, Y. Jin, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y. X.

Kale, S. N.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kitture, R.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

Krishnaswamy, S.

S. J. Zheng, Y. Zhu, and S. Krishnaswamy, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 176, 264 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Lan, S.

Lew, W. S.

Li, G. C.

Li, X. J.

Li, X. L.

Liew, H. F.

McPhedran, R. C.

Miao, Y. P.

Y. P. Miao and J. Q. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 62, 044223 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nalawade, S. M.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

Sterke, C. M.

Tang, C. J.

Y. Jiang, C. J. Tang, and F. J. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 51, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thakur, H. V.

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, W. J.

Wei, H. F.

Wong, W. C.

Yang, S. Y.

Yao, J. Q.

Y. P. Miao and J. Q. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 62, 044223 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. Q.

Zhang, F. J.

Y. Jiang, C. J. Tang, and F. J. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 51, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. F.

Zheng, S. J.

S. J. Zheng, Y. Zhu, and S. Krishnaswamy, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 176, 264 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J. H.

Zhu, Y.

S. J. Zheng, Y. Zhu, and S. Krishnaswamy, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 176, 264 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zu, P.

Acta Phys. Sin. (1)

Y. P. Miao and J. Q. Yao, Acta Phys. Sin. 62, 044223 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P. Zu, C. C. Chan, T. Gong, Y. Jin, W. C. Wong, and X. Dong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 241118 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. V. Thakur, S. M. Nalawade, S. Gupta, R. Kitture, and S. N. Kale, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Jiang, C. J. Tang, and F. J. Zhang, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 51, 432 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Sens. Actuators B Chem. (1)

S. J. Zheng, Y. Zhu, and S. Krishnaswamy, Sens. Actuators B Chem. 176, 264 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Magnetic field-dependent refractive index of cladding layer, MF, and fiber core at the wavelength of 1550 nm. (b) Guided light propagates within the fiber core. (c) Partial intensity of guided light transmitted into the cladding layer. (d) More guided light transmitted into the cladding layer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Scanning electron microscope image of cross section of the PCF. (b) Close view of the PCF without MF. (c) Close view of the PCF filled with MF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measurement setup.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmission intensity and transmission loss.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Transmission losses with different lengths of MF-filled PCF. (b) Transmission losses in ascending and descending directions.

Equations (1)

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PL=20log10(e)k0Im[neff(H)]L,

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