Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally the manipulation of Airy surface plasmon beams in a linear potential. For this purpose, we fabricate dielectric-loaded plasmonic structures with a graded refractive index by negative-tone gray-scale electron beam lithography. Using such carefully engineered potentials, we show that the bending of an Airy surface plasmon beam can be fully reversed by the potential.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Salandrino and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 35, 2082 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. K. Efremidis, Opt. Lett. 36, 3006 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Liu, D. N. Neshev, I. V. Shadrivov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 1164 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, B. Stein, C. Genet, T. Ebbesen, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Opt. Express 18, 20610 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (3)

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (6)

N. K. Efremidis, Opt. Lett. 36, 3006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Liu, D. N. Neshev, I. V. Shadrivov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aleahmad, P.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Balazs, N. L.

M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baumgartl, J.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Broky, J.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cannan, D.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Salandrino and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 35, 2082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

Devaux, E.

Dholakia, K.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T.

Efremidis, N. K.

Ellenbogen, T.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ganany-Padowicz, A.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

Hohenau, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Janunts, N.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kaminer, I.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Klein, A. E.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koller, D.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J. Y.

Leitner, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Mazilu, M.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, M. H.

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mills, M. S.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Minovich, A.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miri, M.-A.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

Moloney, J. V.

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Neshev, D. N.

Pertsch, T.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Polynkin, P.

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Salandrino, A.

Segev, M.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shadrivov, I. V.

Siviloglou, G. A.

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stein, B.

Steinberger, B.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steinert, M.

Stepanov, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Valentine, J.

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Voloch-Bloch, N.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Wang, S. M.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J. C.

Yin, X.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Airy beam manipulation. (a) and (b) Mechanical analog of the Airy trajectory. (c) and (d) Airy beam manipulation in a linear potential (paraxial approximation).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Scanning electron micrograph of a grating coupler for Airy SPPs (left) and a GRIN structure (right). (b) Solid curve: measured height profile of the GRIN structure. Dashed curve: height profile used in the numerical calculations. (c) Corresponding profile of the effective refractive index neff(r). (d) Schematic of the leakage radiation microscopy setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Experimental leakage radiation microscopy image of the sample depicted in Fig. 2(a). (b) Corresponding calculated electric field distribution (|E|2) 10 nm above the metal film. (c) Extracted Airy SPP trajectories for two ramps (gradients 0.008 and 0.011) as well as the bare gold film. The dashed rectangles in (a) and (b) outline the positions of the ramps.

Metrics