Abstract

We demonstrate experimentally the manipulation of Airy surface plasmon beams in a linear potential. For this purpose, we fabricate dielectric-loaded plasmonic structures with a graded refractive index by negative-tone gray-scale electron beam lithography. Using such carefully engineered potentials, we show that the bending of an Airy surface plasmon beam can be fully reversed by the potential.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Salandrino and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 35, 2082 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. K. Efremidis, Opt. Lett. 36, 3006 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Liu, D. N. Neshev, I. V. Shadrivov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 1164 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, B. Stein, C. Genet, T. Ebbesen, J. C. Weeber, and A. Dereux, Opt. Express 18, 20610 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

W. Liu, D. N. Neshev, I. V. Shadrivov, A. E. Miroshnichenko, and Y. S. Kivshar, Opt. Lett. 36, 1164 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Efremidis, Opt. Lett. 36, 3006 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

1979

M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aleahmad, P.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Balazs, N. L.

M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baumgartl, J.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Broky, J.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cannan, D.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Salandrino and D. N. Christodoulides, Opt. Lett. 35, 2082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

Devaux, E.

Dholakia, K.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Drezet, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T.

Efremidis, N. K.

Ellenbogen, T.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ganany-Padowicz, A.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

Hohenau, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Janunts, N.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kaminer, I.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y. S.

Klein, A. E.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koller, D.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krenn, J. R.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J. Y.

Leitner, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

Liu, Y.

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Mazilu, M.

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, M. H.

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mills, M. S.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Minovich, A.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Miri, M.-A.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

Moloney, J. V.

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Neshev, D. N.

Pertsch, T.

A. E. Klein, A. Minovich, M. Steinert, N. Janunts, A. Tünnermann, D. N. Neshev, Y. S. Kivshar, and T. Pertsch, Opt. Lett. 37, 3402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Polynkin, P.

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Salandrino, A.

Segev, M.

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shadrivov, I. V.

Siviloglou, G. A.

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stein, B.

Steinberger, B.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steinert, M.

Stepanov, A.

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Valentine, J.

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Voloch-Bloch, N.

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Wang, S. M.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weeber, J. C.

Yin, X.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, S. Wang, Y. Liu, X. Yin, C. Lu, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 36, 3191 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys.

M. V. Berry and N. L. Balazs, Am. J. Phys. 47, 264 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B

A. Drezet, A. Hohenau, D. Koller, A. Stepanov, H. Ditlbacher, B. Steinberger, F. R. Aussenegg, A. Leitner, and J. R. Krenn, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 149, 220 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

Y. Liu, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, Nano Lett. 10, 1991 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

T. Zentgraf, Y. Liu, M. H. Mikkelsen, J. Valentine, and X. Zhang, Nat. Nanotechnol. 6, 151 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

J. Baumgartl, M. Mazilu, and K. Dholakia, Nat. Photonics 2, 675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Ellenbogen, N. Voloch-Bloch, A. Ganany-Padowicz, and A. Arie, Nat. Photonics 3, 395 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

G. A. Siviloglou, J. Broky, A. Dogariu, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 213901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhang, Y. Hu, T. Li, D. Cannan, X. Yin, R. Morandotti, Z. Chen, and X. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 193901 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Aleahmad, M.-A. Miri, M. S. Mills, I. Kaminer, M. Segev, and D. N. Christodoulides, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Minovich, A. E. Klein, N. Janunts, T. Pertsch, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 116802 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, T. Li, S. M. Wang, C. Zhang, and S. N. Zhu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 126804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Science

P. Polynkin, M. Kolesik, J. V. Moloney, G. A. Siviloglou, and D. N. Christodoulides, Science 324, 229 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Airy beam manipulation. (a) and (b) Mechanical analog of the Airy trajectory. (c) and (d) Airy beam manipulation in a linear potential (paraxial approximation).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Scanning electron micrograph of a grating coupler for Airy SPPs (left) and a GRIN structure (right). (b) Solid curve: measured height profile of the GRIN structure. Dashed curve: height profile used in the numerical calculations. (c) Corresponding profile of the effective refractive index neff(r). (d) Schematic of the leakage radiation microscopy setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Experimental leakage radiation microscopy image of the sample depicted in Fig. 2(a). (b) Corresponding calculated electric field distribution (|E|2) 10 nm above the metal film. (c) Extracted Airy SPP trajectories for two ramps (gradients 0.008 and 0.011) as well as the bare gold film. The dashed rectangles in (a) and (b) outline the positions of the ramps.

Metrics