Abstract

We have conducted a study on the nonlinear absorption properties of nitrogen-vacancy color centers in processed nanodiamonds. Their two-photon (2P) spectra disclose distinguishable features for the two charge states in which the center exists. The 2P absorption cross section is found to be between 0.1 and 0.5 GM in the wavelength range between 800 and 1040 nm. In addition, the center demonstrates the feature of strong 2P absorption for its neutral charge state below 1000 nm excitation wavelength and predominant 2P absorption by the negative charge state above this wavelength.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Gruber, A. Drabenstedt, C. Tietz, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup, and C. von Borczyskowski, Science 276, 2012(1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Kuhn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J. P. H. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 2 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Y. Hui, C.-L. Cheng, and H.-C. Chang, J. Phys. D 43, 374021 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Diep Lai, D. Zheng, F. Treussart, and J.-F. Roch, Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 015014 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Y. Hui, B. Zhang, Y.-C. Chang, C.-C. Chang, H.-C. Chang, J.-H. Hsu, K. Chang, and F.-H. Chang, Opt. Express 18, 5896 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Li, J. van Embden, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103117 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Dai and L. Kwek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 066803 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Paul, Rev. Mod. Phys. 54, 1061 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Y. Hui, Y.-R. Chang, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Lee, W. Fann, and H.-C. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 013104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Gali, Phys. Rev. B 79, 235210 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. M. S. Haque, H. A. Naseem, J. L. Shultz, W. D. Brown, S. Lal, and S. Gangopadhyay, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 4421(1998).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

G. W. N. Aslam, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, New J. Phys. 15, 013064 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

S. Castelletto, X. Li, and M. Gu, J. Nanophoton. 1, 139153 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Beha, A. Batalov, N. B. Manson, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 097404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Dai and L. Kwek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 066803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, C.-Z. Wang, Z. Zhu, and V. Dobrovitski, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035211 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

Y. Y. Hui, B. Zhang, Y.-C. Chang, C.-C. Chang, H.-C. Chang, J.-H. Hsu, K. Chang, and F.-H. Chang, Opt. Express 18, 5896 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Hui, C.-L. Cheng, and H.-C. Chang, J. Phys. D 43, 374021 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Diep Lai, D. Zheng, F. Treussart, and J.-F. Roch, Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 015014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

X. Li, J. van Embden, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Hui, Y.-R. Chang, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Lee, W. Fann, and H.-C. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 013104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Gali, Phys. Rev. B 79, 235210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Kuhn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J. P. H. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. S. Haque, H. A. Naseem, J. L. Shultz, W. D. Brown, S. Lal, and S. Gangopadhyay, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 4421(1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Gruber, A. Drabenstedt, C. Tietz, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup, and C. von Borczyskowski, Science 276, 2012(1997).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

H. Paul, Rev. Mod. Phys. 54, 1061 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Al-Hmoud, M.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aslam, G. W. N.

G. W. N. Aslam, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, New J. Phys. 15, 013064 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Balasubramanian, G.

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Batalov, A.

K. Beha, A. Batalov, N. B. Manson, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 097404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beck, J.

G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beha, K.

K. Beha, A. Batalov, N. B. Manson, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 097404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bratschitsch, R.

K. Beha, A. Batalov, N. B. Manson, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 097404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brown, W. D.

M. S. Haque, H. A. Naseem, J. L. Shultz, W. D. Brown, S. Lal, and S. Gangopadhyay, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 4421(1998).
[CrossRef]

Castelletto, S.

S. Castelletto, X. Li, and M. Gu, J. Nanophoton. 1, 139153 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chan, I. Y.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-C.

Chang, F.-H.

Chang, H. C.

T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.-C.

Y. Y. Hui, C.-L. Cheng, and H.-C. Chang, J. Phys. D 43, 374021 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Hui, B. Zhang, Y.-C. Chang, C.-C. Chang, H.-C. Chang, J.-H. Hsu, K. Chang, and F.-H. Chang, Opt. Express 18, 5896 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Hui, Y.-R. Chang, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Lee, W. Fann, and H.-C. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 013104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, K.

Chang, Y.-C.

Chang, Y.-R.

Y. Y. Hui, Y.-R. Chang, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Lee, W. Fann, and H.-C. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 013104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. M.

T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C.-L.

Y. Y. Hui, C.-L. Cheng, and H.-C. Chang, J. Phys. D 43, 374021 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chon, J. W. M.

X. Li, J. van Embden, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dai, L.

L. Dai and L. Kwek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 066803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Diep Lai, N.

N. Diep Lai, D. Zheng, F. Treussart, and J.-F. Roch, Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 015014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dobrovitski, V.

J. Zhang, C.-Z. Wang, Z. Zhu, and V. Dobrovitski, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035211 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Drabenstedt, A.

A. Gruber, A. Drabenstedt, C. Tietz, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup, and C. von Borczyskowski, Science 276, 2012(1997).
[CrossRef]

Fann, W.

Y. Y. Hui, Y.-R. Chang, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Lee, W. Fann, and H.-C. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 013104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fleury, L.

A. Gruber, A. Drabenstedt, C. Tietz, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup, and C. von Borczyskowski, Science 276, 2012(1997).
[CrossRef]

Frauenheim, T.

G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gali, A.

G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gali, Phys. Rev. B 79, 235210 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gangopadhyay, S.

M. S. Haque, H. A. Naseem, J. L. Shultz, W. D. Brown, S. Lal, and S. Gangopadhyay, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 4421(1998).
[CrossRef]

Gruber, A.

A. Gruber, A. Drabenstedt, C. Tietz, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup, and C. von Borczyskowski, Science 276, 2012(1997).
[CrossRef]

Gu, M.

S. Castelletto, X. Li, and M. Gu, J. Nanophoton. 1, 139153 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. van Embden, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Han, C. C.

T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hanke, T.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Haque, M. S.

M. S. Haque, H. A. Naseem, J. L. Shultz, W. D. Brown, S. Lal, and S. Gangopadhyay, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 4421(1998).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P. R.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hettich, C.

S. Kuhn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J. P. H. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, J. H.

T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, J.-H.

Hui, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Hui, B. Zhang, Y.-C. Chang, C.-C. Chang, H.-C. Chang, J.-H. Hsu, K. Chang, and F.-H. Chang, Opt. Express 18, 5896 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Hui, C.-L. Cheng, and H.-C. Chang, J. Phys. D 43, 374021 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Hui, Y.-R. Chang, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Lee, W. Fann, and H.-C. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 013104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, V.

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jelezko, F.

G. W. N. Aslam, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, New J. Phys. 15, 013064 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kolesov, R.

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Krueger, A.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, S.

S. Kuhn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J. P. H. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwek, L.

L. Dai and L. Kwek, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 066803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lal, S.

M. S. Haque, H. A. Naseem, J. L. Shultz, W. D. Brown, S. Lal, and S. Gangopadhyay, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 4421(1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-Y.

Y. Y. Hui, Y.-R. Chang, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Lee, W. Fann, and H.-C. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 013104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leitenstorfer, A.

K. Beha, A. Batalov, N. B. Manson, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 097404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

S. Castelletto, X. Li, and M. Gu, J. Nanophoton. 1, 139153 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Li, J. van Embden, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103117 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lim, T.-S.

Y. Y. Hui, Y.-R. Chang, T.-S. Lim, H.-Y. Lee, W. Fann, and H.-C. Chang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 013104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Manson, N. B.

K. Beha, A. Batalov, N. B. Manson, R. Bratschitsch, and A. Leitenstorfer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 097404 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Markham, M. L.

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meijer, J.

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Naseem, H. A.

M. S. Haque, H. A. Naseem, J. L. Shultz, W. D. Brown, S. Lal, and S. Gangopadhyay, J. Appl. Phys. 83, 4421(1998).
[CrossRef]

Naydenov, B.

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, P.

G. W. N. Aslam, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, New J. Phys. 15, 013064 (2013).
[CrossRef]

G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Paul, H.

H. Paul, Rev. Mod. Phys. 54, 1061 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pezzagna, S.

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poizat, J. P. H.

S. Kuhn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J. P. H. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 2 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rempp, F.

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G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
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G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
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P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
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G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
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N. Diep Lai, D. Zheng, F. Treussart, and J.-F. Roch, Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 015014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
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X. Li, J. van Embden, J. W. M. Chon, and M. Gu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 103117 (2009).
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G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
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J. Zhang, C.-Z. Wang, Z. Zhu, and V. Dobrovitski, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035211 (2011).
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T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
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G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
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G. W. N. Aslam, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, New J. Phys. 15, 013064 (2013).
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G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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T. L. Wee, Y. K. Tzeng, C. C. Han, H. C. Chang, W. Fann, J. H. Hsu, K. M. Chen, and Y. C. Yull, J. Phys. Chem. A 111, 9379 (2007).
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J. Zhang, C.-Z. Wang, Z. Zhu, and V. Dobrovitski, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035211 (2011).
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N. Diep Lai, D. Zheng, F. Treussart, and J.-F. Roch, Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 015014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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J. Zhang, C.-Z. Wang, Z. Zhu, and V. Dobrovitski, Phys. Rev. B 84, 035211 (2011).
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Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. (1)

N. Diep Lai, D. Zheng, F. Treussart, and J.-F. Roch, Adv. Nat. Sci. Nanosci. Nanotechnol. 1, 015014 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (1)

S. Kuhn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J. P. H. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, J. Microsc. 202, 2 (2001).
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S. Castelletto, X. Li, and M. Gu, J. Nanophoton. 1, 139153 (2012).
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Y. Y. Hui, C.-L. Cheng, and H.-C. Chang, J. Phys. D 43, 374021 (2010).
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P. Neumann, R. Kolesov, B. Naydenov, J. Beck, F. Rempp, M. Steiner, V. Jacques, G. Balasubramanian, M. L. Markham, D. J. Twitchen, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, J. Twamley, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nat. Phys. 6, 249 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Nature 455, 648 (2008).
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New J. Phys. (1)

G. W. N. Aslam, P. Neumann, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, New J. Phys. 15, 013064 (2013).
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A. Gali, Phys. Rev. B 79, 235210 (2009).
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G. Waldherr, J. Beck, M. Steiner, P. Neumann, A. Gali, T. Frauenheim, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 157601 (2011).
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A. Gruber, A. Drabenstedt, C. Tietz, L. Fleury, J. Wrachtrup, and C. von Borczyskowski, Science 276, 2012(1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Charge states excited differently by radiation with wavelengths below and above 1000 nm. (b) AFM image of the sample with a scale bar 1 μm. Inset: 1μm×1μm 2P image of a single emitter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Logarithmic dependence with slopes of (2.07±0.04) at 800 nm (black line) and (2.12±0.13) at 1000 nm (blue line) of the detected signal versus the input power. (b) Comparison between 2P spectra acquired at 800 nm (black curve), 1040 nm (blue curve) excitation wavelength, and a 1P spectrum with 532 nm (green curve).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Second-order autocorrelation function versus the time delay as evidence of single center emission. (b) 2P absorption cross sections of NV centers obtained by excitation of single (blue squares) and aggregated (red circles) NV centers. An approximation of the dependence based on Gaussian curves is plotted in black.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) 1P spectrum at 532 nm and (b) 2P spectrum at 1040 nm fitted as a sum of two Gaussian functions responsible for the absorption of the two charge states. (c) Relative 2P absorption cross sections for the two feasible charge states the center exists.

Equations (2)

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σ2FηϕNI2,
g(2)(0)=11N.

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