Abstract

A simple all-optical pulse generation technique based on gain-induced four-wave mixing in a semiconductor optical amplifier is introduced. The introduced concept is theoretically investigated and experimentally demonstrated. For a concept demonstration, 10 GHz and 42.5 GHz pulse trains are generated. A 20 nm central wavelength tunability is achieved.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2006

2004

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Schares, R. Paschotta, L. Occhi, and G. Guekos, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 859 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

U. Keller, Nature 424, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Pitois, J. Fatime, and G. Millot, Opt. Lett. 27, 1729 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

C. Wu and N. K. Dutta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

Avramopoulos, H.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, Opt. Lett. 24, 1209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Barrios, P. J.

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bintjas, C.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brinker, W.

Bunger, C.

Dagenais, M.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

C. Wu and N. K. Dutta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fatime, J.

Goldhar, J.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

Hatziefremidis, A.

He, L.

Hu, Z.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, Z.

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, Nature 424, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA10.

Lu, S.

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lui, L. F. K.

L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA10.

Millot, G.

Occhi, L.

Papakyriakopoulos, T.

Paschotta, R.

Petermann, K.

Pitois, S.

Pleros, N.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poitras, D.

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Poole, P. J.

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, C. J. K.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Runge, P.

Sartorius, B.

Schares, L.

Schlak, M.

Song, X.

Tam, H. Y.

L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA10.

Vlachos, K.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Papakyriakopoulos, K. Vlachos, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, Opt. Lett. 24, 1209 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA10.

Wu, C.

C. Wu and N. K. Dutta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA10.

Yang, B.

Yu, L.

Zhang, X.

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. He, B. Yang, X. Song, X. Zhang, and L. Yu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 4, 342 (2006).

Chin. Opt. Lett.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

C. Wu and N. K. Dutta, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 145 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

L. Duan, C. J. K. Richardson, Z. Hu, M. Dagenais, and J. Goldhar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 840 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiao, J. Liu, S. Lu, X. Zhang, P. J. Poole, P. J. Barrios, and D. Poitras, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 543 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nature

U. Keller, Nature 424, 831 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

L. Xu, L. F. K. Lui, P. K. A. Wai, H. Y. Tam, and C. Lu, in National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2007), paper JThA10.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Temporal profile (left plot) and corresponding spectrum (right plot) of generated (a) 10 GHz, (b) 40 GHz, and (c) 100 GHz pulse trace separately.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for pulse high repetition rate laser setup based gain-induce FWM. PC, polarization controller; EDFA, erbium-doped fiber amplifier

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured profiles of spectrum characteristics of the output (a) 42.5 GHz and (b) 10 GHz pulse train with two CW inputs (solid line) and the output spectrum when the laser operates in CW mode (dashed line). Inset: zoomed spectrum. (c), (d) Autocorrelation trace of the output of (c) 42.5 GHz and (d) 10 GHz pulse train.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Pulse characteristics versus the central wavelength of the OBPF. (b) Pulse characteristics versus the input power of external pulse.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

p(z,t)z+nsoaCp(z,t)t+iβ2soa22p(z,t)t2+iγ|p(z,t)|2p(z,t)=Γ[g(N(z,t))αint]p(z,t),
N(z,t)t=IqVN(z,t)τcginj(z,t)hωiAPinj(z,t)¯g(z,t)hω0AP(z,t)¯,
g(N(z,t))=a1[N(z,t)N0]a2[λλN]2+a3[λλN]3,
P(ω,z=0)=η(1αcav)H(ω)exp[jβ(ω)L]P(ω,z=L),

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