Abstract

We report the generation of a broadband supercontinuum (SC) spanning from 1260 to 2200 nm using a 10 cm long As2Se3 chalcogenide (ChG) wire pumped at a wavelength of 1550 nm. Such a wide SC in As2Se3 is obtained by avoiding the effects of two-photon absorption normally observed at a wavelength of 1550 nm. For this purpose, the pump soliton is initially self-frequency shifted toward longer wavelength by means of the Raman effect in standard silica fiber before being launched into the ChG wire for spectral broadening.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (4)

2011 (2)

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

J. M. Dudley, G. Gënty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Troles, F. Smektala, G. Boudebs, and A. Monteil, Opt. Mater. 22, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (4)

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. H. T. Udem and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 75, 799 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Knight, T. Birks, T. Man, and P. Russell, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1992 (1)

T. Birks and Y. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

Aggarwal, I. D.

D. D. Hudson, S. A. Dekker, E. C. Mägi, A. C. Judge, S. D. Jackson, E. Li, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 36, 1122 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Agger, C.

Ahmad, R.

Al-kadry, A.

Andrejco, M. J.

Ania-Castanon, J. D.

S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baker, C.

C. Baker and M. Rochette, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 960 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Birks, T.

Boudebs, G.

J. Troles, F. Smektala, G. Boudebs, and A. Monteil, Opt. Mater. 22, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brawley, G.

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

G. Gënty, S. Coen, and J. M. Dudley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1771 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Gënty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davis, E. A.

N. F. Mott and E. A. Davis, Electronic Processes in Non-Crystalline Materials, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 1979).

Dekker, S. A.

DeLong, K. W.

Dudley, J. M.

G. Gënty, S. Coen, and J. M. Dudley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1771 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Gënty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

Eggleton, B. J.

Ellingham, T. J.

S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gënty, G.

G. Gënty, S. Coen, and J. M. Dudley, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 1771 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, G. Gënty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ghanta, R. K.

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

R. H. T. Udem and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harbold, J. M.

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hudson, D. D.

Hutchings, D. C.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

Judge, A. C.

Knight, J.

Ko, T. H.

Kobtsev, S. M.

S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kukarin, S.

S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lamont, M.

Lamont, M. R. E.

Lee, J.

J. Lee, J. van Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, E.

Li, X. D.

Li, Y.

T. Birks and Y. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

J. Lee, J. van Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 1749 (2011).

Mägi, E. C.

Man, T.

Mizrahi, V.

Monteil, A.

J. Troles, F. Smektala, G. Boudebs, and A. Monteil, Opt. Mater. 22, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

Mott, N. F.

N. F. Mott and E. A. Davis, Electronic Processes in Non-Crystalline Materials, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 1979).

Nguyen, H.

Nguyen, V. Q.

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Ranka, J. K.

Richardson, K.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 1749 (2011).

Rochette, M.

Roelens, M. A. F.

Russell, P.

Saifi, M. A.

Sanders, S. T.

S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 75, 799 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

D. D. Hudson, S. A. Dekker, E. C. Mägi, A. C. Judge, S. D. Jackson, E. Li, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 36, 1122 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

D. D. Hudson, S. A. Dekker, E. C. Mägi, A. C. Judge, S. D. Jackson, E. Li, J. S. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, I. D. Aggarwal, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Lett. 36, 1122 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smektala, F.

J. Troles, F. Smektala, G. Boudebs, and A. Monteil, Opt. Mater. 22, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, S. V.

S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steffensen, H.

Stegeman, G. I.

Troles, J.

J. Troles, F. Smektala, G. Boudebs, and A. Monteil, Opt. Mater. 22, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tuniz, A.

Turitsyn, S. K.

S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Udem, R. H. T.

R. H. T. Udem and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

van Howe, J.

J. Lee, J. van Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W.

Windeler, R. S.

Wise, F. W.

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

J. Lee, J. van Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yeom, D.

Yeom, D. I.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. T. Sanders, Appl. Phys. B 75, 799 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, J. van Howe, C. Xu, and X. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 713 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

C. Baker and M. Rochette, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 960 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Birks and Y. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, Nat. Photonics 5, 1749 (2011).

Nature (1)

R. H. T. Udem and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

S. V. Smirnov, J. D. Ania-Castanon, T. J. Ellingham, S. M. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and S. K. Turitsyn, Opt. Fiber Technol. 12, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett (1)

J. M. Harbold, F. Ö. Ilday, F. W. Wise, J. S. Sanghera, V. Q. Nguyen, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Lett 27, 119 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

J. Troles, F. Smektala, G. Boudebs, and A. Monteil, Opt. Mater. 22, 335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Gënty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

N. F. Mott and E. A. Davis, Electronic Processes in Non-Crystalline Materials, 2nd ed. (Oxford University, 1979).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Calculated (solid [13], dashed [14]) and experimental data (dots [15,23]) of TPA spectrum of As2Se3 as a function of normalized energy (Eph/Eg). Eph, Photon energy; Eg, Energy gap. (b) Experimental setup for SC generation. EDFA, Er-doped fiber amplifier; SMF, single-mode fiber; VOA, variable optical attenuator; MMF, multimode fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pulse spectrum after SMF. Pulses initially at 1550 nm experienced SSFS up to 1775 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Schematic of a tapered fiber with a wire region of a subwavelength diameter. (b) Calculated dispersion of the wire with a diameter of 1.28 μm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

SC spectrum of the taper measured at increasing pump powers; DWs, dispersive waves. The measured (solid) and simulated (dashed) SC spectra are depicted with a 10dB/div.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

SC spectra obtained numerically including TPA (solid) and not including TPA (dashed). In (a), λp=1775nm in a wire of d=1.28μm. In (b), λp=1550nm in a wire of d=1.02μm. All simulations are made with pulses of peak powers of 18.8 W. B, Bandwidth at 20dB; d, wire diameter.

Equations (2)

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βTPAa=KEpn2Eg3F2(2EphEg)cm/GW,
βTPAb=1020KEpn2Eg3exp((Eg+Ephη)/σ)cm/GW,

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