Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a phase stabilization method for transfer and downconvert radio frequency (RF) signal from remote antenna to center station via a radio-over-fiber (ROF) link. Different from previous phase-locking-loop-based schemes, we post-correct any phase fluctuation by mixing during the downconversion process at the center station. A rapid and endless operation is predicted. The ROF technique transfers the received RF signal directly, which will reduce the electronic complexity at the antenna end. The proposed scheme is experimentally demonstrated, with a phase fluctuation compression factor of about 200. The theory and performance are also discussed.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Tarenghi, Astrophys. Space Sci. 313, 1 (2008).
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  3. S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 29, 1554 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Kefelian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, Opt. Lett. 34, 1573 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Marra, H. S. Margolis, S. N. Lea, and P. Gill, Opt. Lett. 35, 1025 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Zhang, L. Chang, Y. Dong, W. Xie, H. He, and W. Hu, Opt. Lett. 36, 873 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Hou, P. Li, C. Liu, J. Zhang, and Z. Zhang, Opt. Express 19, 506 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. Tjoelker, Proc. IEEE 95, 1931 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Motohiro, F. Miho, N. Shigeo, and H. Mizuhiko, Opt. Lett. 34, 2949 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Santarelli, F. Narbonneau, C. Daussy, O. Lopez, and M. E. Tobar, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2005), pp. 925–927.
  12. B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Huang and R. Tjoelker, in 38th Annual Precise Time Interval (PTTI) Meeting (Curran Associates, 2006), pp. 293–304.

2012

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

2009

2008

M. Tarenghi, Astrophys. Space Sci. 313, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. Tjoelker, Proc. IEEE 95, 1931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

Amy-Klein, A.

Bai, Y.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Calhoun, M.

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. Tjoelker, Proc. IEEE 95, 1931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, L.

Chardonnet, C.

Chen, W. L.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cliche, J. F.

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Daussy, C.

G. Santarelli, F. Narbonneau, C. Daussy, O. Lopez, and M. E. Tobar, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2005), pp. 925–927.

Dong, Y.

Feng, Y. Y.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Foreman, S. M.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, C.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gill, P.

He, H.

Holman, K. W.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 29, 1554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hou, D.

Hu, W.

Huang, S.

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. Tjoelker, Proc. IEEE 95, 1931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Huang and R. Tjoelker, in 38th Annual Precise Time Interval (PTTI) Meeting (Curran Associates, 2006), pp. 293–304.

Hudson, D. D.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 29, 1554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Jones, D. J.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 29, 1554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kefelian, F.

Lea, S. N.

Li, P.

Li, T. C.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

Lopez, O.

F. Kefelian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, Opt. Lett. 34, 1573 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Santarelli, F. Narbonneau, C. Daussy, O. Lopez, and M. E. Tobar, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2005), pp. 925–927.

Margolis, H. S.

Marra, G.

Miao, J.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Miho, F.

Mizuhiko, H.

Motohiro, K.

Narbonneau, F.

G. Santarelli, F. Narbonneau, C. Daussy, O. Lopez, and M. E. Tobar, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2005), pp. 925–927.

Santarelli, G.

F. Kefelian, O. Lopez, H. Jiang, C. Chardonnet, A. Amy-Klein, and G. Santarelli, Opt. Lett. 34, 1573 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Santarelli, F. Narbonneau, C. Daussy, O. Lopez, and M. E. Tobar, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2005), pp. 925–927.

Shigeo, N.

Shillue, B.

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tarenghi, M.

M. Tarenghi, Astrophys. Space Sci. 313, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tjoelker, R.

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. Tjoelker, Proc. IEEE 95, 1931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Huang and R. Tjoelker, in 38th Annual Precise Time Interval (PTTI) Meeting (Curran Associates, 2006), pp. 293–304.

Tobar, M. E.

G. Santarelli, F. Narbonneau, C. Daussy, O. Lopez, and M. E. Tobar, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2005), pp. 925–927.

Wang, B.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. J.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xie, W.

Ye, J.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Holman, D. J. Jones, D. D. Hudson, and J. Ye, Opt. Lett. 29, 1554 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, J. W.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, Z.

Zhu, X.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. Space Sci.

M. Tarenghi, Astrophys. Space Sci. 313, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Control Syst. Mag.

J. F. Cliche and B. Shillue, IEEE Control Syst. Mag. 26, 19 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. IEEE

M. Calhoun, S. Huang, and R. Tjoelker, Proc. IEEE 95, 1931 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

S. M. Foreman, K. W. Holman, D. D. Hudson, D. J. Jones, and J. Ye, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 78, 021101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Rep.

B. Wang, C. Gao, W. L. Chen, J. Miao, X. Zhu, Y. Bai, J. W. Zhang, Y. Y. Feng, T. C. Li, and L. J. Wang, Sci. Rep. 2, 556 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Huang and R. Tjoelker, in 38th Annual Precise Time Interval (PTTI) Meeting (Curran Associates, 2006), pp. 293–304.

G. Santarelli, F. Narbonneau, C. Daussy, O. Lopez, and M. E. Tobar, in Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Frequency Control Symposium (IEEE, 2005), pp. 925–927.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experiment setup for the proposed phase-stabilized ROF downlink.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Received waveform of the output 10 MHz IF signal (a) without and (b) with post compensation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Phase jitters of the received IF signal under ROF link with (blue line) and without (black line) post compensation.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ω1=12ωS.
ωIF=12ωS+ω2ω3
φIF(t)=φS(tT0).
ΔφIF=ωS·χ(|δλ1|+|δλ2|)+ωS·ΔTBF2+δωS|TT0|,

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