Abstract

We have developed a laser Raman spectroscopy technique for assessing the working conditions of transformers by measuring dissolved C2H2 gas concentrations present in transformer oils. A frequency doubled Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (532 nm) was used as a laser source, and Raman signals at 1972cm1 originating from C2H2 gas dissolved in oil were detected. The results show that laser Raman spectroscopy is a useful alternative method for detecting transformer faults.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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T. Somekawa, A. Tani, and M. Fujita, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 112401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

S. Singh and M. N. Bandyopadhyay, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 26, 41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, and S. E. Morgan, J. Raman Spectrosc. 41, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. N. White, Appl. Spectrosc. 64, 819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

X. Li, Y. Xia, L. Zhan, and J. Huang, Opt. Lett. 33, 2143 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Pradhan, R. E. Lindley, R. Grilli, I. R. White, D. Martin, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, Appl. Phys. B 90, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. Duval, and A. dePablo, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 17, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

1995

C. J. de Bakker, and P. M. Fredericks, Appl. Spectrosc. 49, 1766 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, and D. W. Farwell, J. Mol. Struct. 351, 77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991

1989

M. Duval, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 5, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1972

H. Fast and H. L. Welsh, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 41, 203 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bandyopadhyay, M. N.

S. Singh and M. N. Bandyopadhyay, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 26, 41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Belahsene, S.

Bowen, R. D.

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, and S. E. Morgan, J. Raman Spectrosc. 41, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, and D. W. Farwell, J. Mol. Struct. 351, 77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chung, H.

Chung, W. M.

Clarke, R. H.

de Bakker, C. J.

dePablo, A.

M. Duval, and A. dePablo, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 17, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Duval, M.

M. Duval, and A. dePablo, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 17, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Duval, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 5, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, H. G. M.

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, and S. E. Morgan, J. Raman Spectrosc. 41, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, and D. W. Farwell, J. Mol. Struct. 351, 77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Farwell, D. W.

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, and S. E. Morgan, J. Raman Spectrosc. 41, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, and D. W. Farwell, J. Mol. Struct. 351, 77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fast, H.

H. Fast and H. L. Welsh, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 41, 203 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Fredericks, P. M.

Fujita, M.

T. Somekawa, A. Tani, and M. Fujita, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 112401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grilli, R.

M. Pradhan, R. E. Lindley, R. Grilli, I. R. White, D. Martin, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, Appl. Phys. B 90, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

Kluczynski, P.

Ku, M.

Li, X.

Lindley, R. E.

M. Pradhan, R. E. Lindley, R. Grilli, I. R. White, D. Martin, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, Appl. Phys. B 90, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lundqvist, S.

Martin, D.

M. Pradhan, R. E. Lindley, R. Grilli, I. R. White, D. Martin, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, Appl. Phys. B 90, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, S. E.

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, and S. E. Morgan, J. Raman Spectrosc. 41, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Orr-Ewing, A. J.

M. Pradhan, R. E. Lindley, R. Grilli, I. R. White, D. Martin, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, Appl. Phys. B 90, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, M.

M. Pradhan, R. E. Lindley, R. Grilli, I. R. White, D. Martin, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, Appl. Phys. B 90, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rouillard, Y.

Schrader, B.

B. Schrader, Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy: Methods and Applications (VCH, 1995).

Sezerman, U.

Singh, S.

S. Singh and M. N. Bandyopadhyay, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 26, 41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Somekawa, T.

T. Somekawa, A. Tani, and M. Fujita, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 112401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tani, A.

T. Somekawa, A. Tani, and M. Fujita, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 112401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Welsh, H. L.

H. Fast and H. L. Welsh, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 41, 203 (1972).
[CrossRef]

White, I. R.

M. Pradhan, R. E. Lindley, R. Grilli, I. R. White, D. Martin, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, Appl. Phys. B 90, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

White, S. N.

Xia, Y.

Zhan, L.

Appl. Phys. B

M. Pradhan, R. E. Lindley, R. Grilli, I. R. White, D. Martin, and A. J. Orr-Ewing, Appl. Phys. B 90, 1 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express

T. Somekawa, A. Tani, and M. Fujita, Appl. Phys. Express 4, 112401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag.

M. Duval, and A. dePablo, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 17, 31 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Duval, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 5, 22 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Singh and M. N. Bandyopadhyay, IEEE Electr. Insul. Mag. 26, 41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc.

H. Fast and H. L. Welsh, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 41, 203 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Struct.

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, and D. W. Farwell, J. Mol. Struct. 351, 77 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc.

R. D. Bowen, H. G. M. Edwards, D. W. Farwell, and S. E. Morgan, J. Raman Spectrosc. 41, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

B. Schrader, Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy: Methods and Applications (VCH, 1995).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Raman spectra of C2H2 gas at different concentrations dissolved in the insulating oil.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Raman peak intensity ratio as a function of dissolved C2H2 concentration.

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