Abstract

A double-filled photonic crystal fiber (PCF) was fabricated by filling liquids of different indexes into two air holes in the cladding. The core mode coupled to the local cladding modes LP01 and LP11 in the 1310 and 1550 nm wavebands, respectively. Due to the unique characteristics of the mode coupling, the resonant peaks in different resonance areas shifted to the opposite directions with the variations of the temperature or the force. The double-filled PCFs achieved in this work showed useful applications in the simultaneous measurement of both the temperature and the force.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

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[CrossRef]

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Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5182 (2004).
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B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
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Baptista, J. M.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
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Chan, C. C.

Cui, Y.

D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, Y. Cui, K. Milenko, Y. X. Wang, P. P. Shum, and T. Wolinski, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B.

Dong, X. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Frazão, O.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

Gissibl, T.

Guan, B. O.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Han, T. T.

T. T. Han, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. F. Wu, S. X. Wang, and S. Li, Opt. Express 20, 13320 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. B. Zheng, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, T. T. Han, and B. Y. Tai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

Hao, J. Z.

Hoo, Y. L.

Hu, D. J. J.

D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, Y. Cui, K. Milenko, Y. X. Wang, P. P. Shum, and T. Wolinski, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jin, W.

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Li, S.

Liao, C. R.

Y. Wang, C. R. Liao, and D. N. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4747 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liaw, C. Y.

Lim, J. L.

D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, Y. Cui, K. Milenko, Y. X. Wang, P. P. Shum, and T. Wolinski, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, B.

Lit, J. W. Y.

Liu, S. J.

Liu, W. K.

Liu, Y.

Liu, Y. G.

T. T. Han, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. F. Wu, S. X. Wang, and S. Li, Opt. Express 20, 13320 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. B. Zheng, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, T. T. Han, and B. Y. Tai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marques, L. M.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Milenko, K.

D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, Y. Cui, K. Milenko, Y. X. Wang, P. P. Shum, and T. Wolinski, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

Pricking, S.

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Santos, J. L.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Santos, S.

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P. P.

D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, Y. Cui, K. Milenko, Y. X. Wang, P. P. Shum, and T. Wolinski, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tai, B. Y.

X. B. Zheng, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, T. T. Han, and B. Y. Tai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tan, X. L.

Tao, X. M.

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tjin, S. C.

Vieweg, M.

Wang, D. N.

Y. Wang, C. R. Liao, and D. N. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4747 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. X.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, C. R. Liao, and D. N. Wang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4747 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. P.

Wang, Y. X.

D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, Y. Cui, K. Milenko, Y. X. Wang, P. P. Shum, and T. Wolinski, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

T. T. Han, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, Z. F. Wu, S. X. Wang, and S. Li, Opt. Express 20, 13320 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. B. Zheng, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, T. T. Han, and B. Y. Tai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wei, L.

Wolinski, T.

D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, Y. Cui, K. Milenko, Y. X. Wang, P. P. Shum, and T. Wolinski, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. C.

Wu, D. K. C.

Wu, Z. F.

Xu, Y.

Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M. W.

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ying, D. Q.

Yoon, M. S.

Zhao, C. L.

Zheng, X. B.

X. B. Zheng, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, T. T. Han, and B. Y. Tai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, D. P.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Y. Huang, Y. Xu, and A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

D. J. J. Hu, J. L. Lim, Y. Cui, K. Milenko, Y. X. Wang, P. P. Shum, and T. Wolinski, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 1248 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

B. O. Guan, H. Y. Tam, X. M. Tao, and X. Y. Dong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 675 (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Frazão, L. M. Marques, S. Santos, J. M. Baptista, and J. L. Santos, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. B. Zheng, Y. G. Liu, Z. Wang, T. T. Han, and B. Y. Tai, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 709 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Wang, M. W. Yang, D. N. Wang, and C. R. Liao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1520 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Schematic of selectively double-filled PCF. (b) Cross-section view of the unfilled and filled PCFs. (c) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Dispersion curves of the core mode LP01 and the satellite rod modes, the solid curves represent these at 52.6°C and the dash curves represent these at 53.6°C. The insets are the simulated mode profiles around phase-matching wavelengths. (b) The detail view around 1350 nm. (c) The detail view around 1550 nm. (d) The transmission spectrum of the double-filled PCFs at 52.6°C.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Relationships between the temperature and the shift of the wavelengths of the characteristic peaks. The insets (a) and (b) represent the variation of the dip A and the dip B as the temperature increases.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Relationships between the force and the shift of the wavelengths of the characteristic peaks. The insets (a) and (b) represent the variation of the dip A and the dip B as the force increases.

Equations (1)

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[ΔTΔε]=149.068[7.25231.70111.34342.818][ΔλAΔλB].

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