Abstract

We investigate the mechanism of elliptically polarized terahertz (THz) pulse generation in femtosecond two-color laser-produced plasma. In the case of in-line laser focusing, we observe the THz polarization evolves from linear to elliptical with increasing plasma length. This ellipticity arises from two combined effects—successive polarization rotation of local THz plasma sources, caused by laser phase and polarization modulations, and the velocity mismatch between laser and THz, which produces an elliptical THz pulse from a series of time-delayed, polarization-rotating local THz fields.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (5)

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. You, T. I. Oh, and K. Y. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 183902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. I. Oh, Y. S. You, and K. Y. Kim, Opt. Express 20, 19778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Wahlstrand, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. A 85, 043820 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 123903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 35, 2904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J.-M. Manceau, M. Massaouti, and S. Tzortzakis, Opt. Express 18, 18894 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, T. M. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 215005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Thomson, V. Blank, and H. G. Roskos, Opt. Express 18, 23173 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

H. Wen and A. Lindenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Dietze, J. Darmo, S. Roither, A. Pugzlys, J. N. Heyman, and K. Unterrainer, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 2016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Blanchard, G. Sharma, X. Ropagnol, L. Razzari, R. Morandotti, and T. Ozaki, Opt. Express 17, 6044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

Antonsen, T. M.

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, T. M. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 215005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Babushkin, I.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bartel, T.

Béjot, P.

Bergé, L.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

Blank, V.

Bonacina, L.

Châteauneuf, M.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 35, 2904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. H.

J. K. Wahlstrand, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. A 85, 043820 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, T. M. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 215005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 35, 2904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cook, D. J.

Couairon, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, J.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Darmo, J.

Dietze, D.

Dubois, J.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Eden, S.

Elsaesser, T.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaal, P.

Génier, S.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Glownia, J. H.

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photonics 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, Opt. Express 15, 4577 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heyman, J. N.

Hochstrasser, R. M.

Karpowicz, N.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

Kim, K. Y.

T. I. Oh, Y. S. You, and K. Y. Kim, Opt. Express 20, 19778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. You, T. I. Oh, and K. Y. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 183902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photonics 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Rodriguez, B. Yellampalle, A. R. Valenzuela, M. J. Schmitt, and K. Y. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1988 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, Opt. Express 15, 4577 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Köhler, C.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kosareva, O.

Kress, M.

Kuehn, W.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lindenberg, A.

H. Wen and A. Lindenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Löffler, T.

Lu, X.

X. Lu and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 123903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Makarov, V.

Manceau, J.-M.

Marceau, C.

O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. Makarov, I. Perezhogin, C. Marceau, Y. Chen, S. Yuan, T. Wang, H. Zeng, A. Savel’ev, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 35, 2904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Massaouti, M.

Milchberg, H. M.

J. K. Wahlstrand, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. A 85, 043820 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, T. M. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 215005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Moret, M.

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, T. I.

T. I. Oh, Y. S. You, and K. Y. Kim, Opt. Express 20, 19778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. You, T. I. Oh, and K. Y. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 183902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, T.

Panov, N.

Perezhogin, I.

Petit, Y.

Pugzlys, A.

Razzari, L.

Reimann, K.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, G.

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photonics 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Rodriguez, B. Yellampalle, A. R. Valenzuela, M. J. Schmitt, and K. Y. Kim, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25, 1988 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, Opt. Express 15, 4577 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roither, S.

Ropagnol, X.

Roskos, H. G.

Savel’ev, A.

Schmitt, M. J.

Sharma, G.

Skupin, S.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photonics 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, Opt. Express 15, 4577 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Théberge, F.

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M.

Thomson, M. D.

Tzortzakis, S.

Unterrainer, K.

Valenzuela, A. R.

Varma, S.

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, T. M. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 215005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wahlstrand, J. K.

J. K. Wahlstrand, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. A 85, 043820 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

Wen, H.

H. Wen and A. Lindenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Woerner, M.

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Bartel, P. Gaal, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, and T. Elsaesser, Opt. Lett. 30, 2805 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

Xie, X.

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yellampalle, B.

You, Y. S.

T. I. Oh, Y. S. You, and K. Y. Kim, Opt. Express 20, 19778 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. You, T. I. Oh, and K. Y. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 183902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

Zeng, H.

Zhang, X. C.

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.-C.

X. Lu and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 123903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Y. Kim, J. H. Glownia, A. J. Taylor, and G. Rodriguez, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 797 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

K. Y. Kim, A. J. Taylor, J. H. Glownia, and G. Rodriguez, Nat. Photonics 2, 605 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Chen, C. Marceau, S. Génier, F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, J. Dubois, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Commun. 282, 4283 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

K. Y. Kim, Phys. Plasmas 16, 056706 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, Phys. Rep. 441, 47 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. K. Wahlstrand, Y. H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. A 85, 043820 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

X. Lu and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 123903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Chen, S. Varma, T. M. Antonsen, and H. M. Milchberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 215005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. S. You, T. I. Oh, and K. Y. Kim, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 183902 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Wen and A. Lindenberg, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Dai, N. Karpowicz, and X. C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 023001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Babushkin, W. Kuehn, C. Köhler, S. Skupin, L. Bergé, K. Reimann, M. Woerner, J. Herrmann, and T. Elsaesser, Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 053903 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Xie, J. Dai, and X.-C. Zhang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 075005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of two-color (ω and 2ω) laser pulse propagation and THz polarization rotation. The THz far field is constructed from successive time-delayed THz waves emitted with varying polarization.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Elliptically polarized THz pulse generated by elliptically polarized ω and linearly polarized 2ω pulses. (a) Polarization maps of ω (red solid line) and 2ω pulses before (blue line with circles) and after (blue line with crosses) filamentation. (b) Measured THz fields: x (blue) and y (black) components with combined three-dimensional (red) and projected (green) fields. (c),(d) Simulation results.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measurements of conversion from linear to elliptical THz polarization with increasing effective plasma filament length: (a) 2.2, (b) 2.8, (c) 3.4, and (d) 4.0 cm. (e) Simulated THz polarization change with increasing propagation length. (f) Simulated peak THz amplitudes along the x and y axes as a function of position z.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

(EeEo)=(Eωecos(ωt)Eωocos(ωt+φ))+(E2ωcos(2ωt+θ(0))0),
(ExEy)=(cosαsinαsinαcosα)(EeEo),
(Ex(z)Ey(z))=(cosαsinαsinαcosα)(Eωecos(ωt)Eωocos(ωt+φ))+(E2ωcosαcos(2ωt+θ(z))E2ωsinαcos(2ωt+θ(z)+Δϕ2ω(z))).
ETHz(t)0leTHz(z,t)exp(ikTHzΔnz)dz,

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