Abstract

Target-in-the-loop coherent beam combination (TIL CBC) of a 100 W level fiber laser array has been demonstrated. In the experiment, the beams from nine 10 W level fiber amplifiers achieve a scattering surface target after transmitting 10 m in free space. When the phase control system goes into close loop, atmosphere turbulence could be effectively compensated and a stable fringe pattern could be obtained on the scattering surface with 85% fringe contrast. To our best knowledge, this is the TIL CBC with the highest output power and the largest number of laser beams. Additionally, the effect of atmosphere turbulence on the backward paths on TIL CBC has been studied experimentally.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

2011 (5)

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
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T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
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2008 (2)

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
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[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
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2004 (1)

T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Anderegg, J.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Augst, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bellanger, C.

Benham, V.

T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bennai, B.

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bennaï, B.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beresnev, L. A.

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, L. A. Beresnev, A. P. Rostov, E. E. Polnau, and J. J. Liu, Opt. Lett. 36, 4455 (2011).
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L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bourderionnet, J.

Bourdon, P.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brignon, A.

Bronder, T. J.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brosnan, S. J.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Canat, G.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carhart, G.

Carhart, G. W.

Cheung, E.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chunte, L. A.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Du, W.

Epp, P.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Gallant, D.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gatz, M.

Goldizen, K. C.

Goular, D.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, S.

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hammons, D.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hou, J.

Jaouen, Y.

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jaouën, Y.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z. F.

Jolivet, V.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Komine, H.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lachinova, S.

Leng, J.

Liu, J. J.

Liu, L.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, M.

Liu, Z.

R. Tao, Y. Ma, L. Si, X. Dong, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 105, 285 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, X. Wang, J. Leng, H. Xiao, X. Dong, J. Zhu, W. Du, P. Zhou, X. Xu, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 36, 951 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lombard, L.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lucero, A.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y.

R. Tao, Y. Ma, L. Si, X. Dong, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 105, 285 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, X. Wang, J. Leng, H. Xiao, X. Dong, J. Zhu, W. Du, P. Zhou, X. Xu, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 36, 951 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moreau, B.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, D. V.

Polnau, E.

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Polnau, E. E.

Pourtal, E.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Primot, J.

Pulford, B.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Redmond, S. M.

Robin, C. A.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rostov, A. P.

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shay, T. M.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Si, L.

R. Tao, Y. Ma, L. Si, X. Dong, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 105, 285 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tao, R.

R. Tao, Y. Ma, L. Si, X. Dong, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 105, 285 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vasseur, O.

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vergien, C. L.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorontsov, M.

Vorontsov, M. A.

T. Weyrauch, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, L. A. Beresnev, A. P. Rostov, E. E. Polnau, and J. J. Liu, Opt. Lett. 36, 4455 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Weber, M. E.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Weyrauch, T.

Wickham, M.

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, H.

Xiao, R.

Xu, X.

Yu, C. X.

Zeringue, C.

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, P.

R. Tao, Y. Ma, L. Si, X. Dong, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 105, 285 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, X. Wang, J. Leng, H. Xiao, X. Dong, J. Zhu, W. Du, P. Zhou, X. Xu, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 36, 951 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ma, P. Zhou, X. Wang, H. Ma, X. Xu, L. Si, Z. Liu, and Y. Zhao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1308 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R. Tao, Y. Ma, L. Si, X. Dong, P. Zhou, and Z. Liu, Appl. Phys. B 105, 285 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

P. Zhou, Z. Liu, X. Wang, Y. Ma, H. Ma, X. Xu, and S. Guo, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Jolivet, P. Bourdon, B. Bennaï, L. Lombard, D. Goular, E. Pourtal, G. Canat, Y. Jaouën, B. Moreau, and O. Vasseur, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15, 257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE (5)

J. Anderegg, S. J. Brosnan, E. Cheung, P. Epp, D. Hammons, H. Komine, M. E. Weber, and M. Wickham, Proc. SPIE 6102, 61020U (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, M. A. Vorontsov, E. Polnau, T. Weyrauch, and L. A. Beresnev, Proc. SPIE 6708, 67080K (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay, J. T. Baker, A. D. Sanchez, C. A. Robin, C. L. Vergien, C. Zeringue, D. Gallant, L. A. Chunte, B. Pulford, T. J. Bronder, and A. Lucero, Proc. SPIE 7195, 71951M (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Shay and V. Benham, Proc. SPIE 5550, 313 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Bourdon, V. Jolivet, B. Bennai, L. Lombard, G. Canat, E. Pourtal, Y. Jaouen, and O. Vasseur, Proc. SPIE 6873, 687316 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of TIL CBC of nine beams based on scattering surface. SL, seed laser; PA, preamplifier; FS, fiber splitter; PM, phase modulator; FA, fiber amplifier; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Long exposure intensity pattern on the surface of target (a) is open-loop experimental result. (b)–(d) are different close-loop experimental results when the beams point to the different position of the target.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Time series signals of energy collected by the pinhole in open loop (left) and closed loop (right).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Voltage signals of PDs in closed loop when the strong turbulence is introduced in onward path.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Voltage signals of PDs in closed loop when the strong turbulence is introduced in backward path.

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