Abstract

A scheme for the generation of phase-coded microwave signals using an electrically tunable photonic microwave phase shifter is proposed and demonstrated. The photonic phase shifter is based on a single-sideband polarization modulator (PolM), and the tuning of the phase shifter is implemented by a second PolM. By introducing an RF signal to the first PolM and an electrical coding signal to the second PolM, a phase-coded microwave signal with binary phase codes or polyphase codes is achieved. An experiment is performed. The simple and flexible operation, high coding rate, large frequency range, excellent transmission performance, and high stability of the system is confirmed.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  2. J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Li, W. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 712 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, Opt. Lett. 32, 3486 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 18, 371 (2008).
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  7. Z. Li, M. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 21, 694 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1638 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 1151 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. L. Pan and Y. M. Zhang, Opt. Lett. 37, 4483 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

Z. Li, M. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 21, 694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, W. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 712 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 18, 371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 768 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, Opt. Lett. 32, 3486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bull, J. D.

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

Chi, H.

Z. Li, M. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 21, 694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, W. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 712 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 18, 371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 768 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y. T.

Fairburn, M.

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

Ghelfi, P.

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jaeger, N. A.

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

Kato, H.

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

Laghezza, F.

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

Z. Li, M. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 21, 694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, W. Z.

Z. Li, W. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 712 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, W. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 712 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, M. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 21, 694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lu, P. H.

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

Pan, S. L.

Reid, A. R.

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

Scotti, F.

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, J. Lightwave Technol. 30, 1638 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seniuk, D. R.

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

Skolnic, M. I.

M. I. Skolnic, Introduction to Radar (McGraw-Hill, 1962).

Tsou, B. P.

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

Yao, J. P.

Z. Li, M. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 21, 694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, W. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 712 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 18, 371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 768 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, Opt. Lett. 32, 3486 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. M.

Z. Li, W. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 712 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, M. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 21, 694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. M.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Ghelfi, F. Scotti, F. Laghezza, and A. Bogoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 48, 1151 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. (2)

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 18, 371 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, M. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microw. Wirel. Compon. Lett. 21, 694 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 768 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, W. Z. Li, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 712 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (2)

M. I. Skolnic, Introduction to Radar (McGraw-Hill, 1962).

J. D. Bull, H. Kato, A. R. Reid, M. Fairburn, B. P. Tsou, D. R. Seniuk, P. H. Lu, and N. A. Jaeger, in Proceedings of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics & Laser Science Conference (CLEO/QELS) (2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the proposed photonic phase coding system. TLS, tunable laser source; PC, polarization controller; PolM, polarization modulator; OBPF, optical bandpass filter; Pol, polarizer; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) 3.125Gb/s pulse pattern of “0101”, (b) the simulated, and (c) the measured phase-coded microwave signal at 12.5 GHz. (d) The waveform of the phase-coded microwave signal after transmission in an 8 km SSMF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Eye diagrams of the generated phase-coded signals with different phase shifts.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Generated phase-coded 40 GHz signal and (b) calculated autocorrelation of the 40 GHz phase-coded signal.

Equations (5)

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[ExEy]exp(jωot)[exp(jφ1)[J0(γ)+jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)]J0(γ)jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)],
Excosθexp(jωot+jφ1+jφ2+jβs(t))[J0(γ)+jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)]+sinθexp(jωot+jβs(t))[J0(γ)jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)],
Eysinθexp(jωot+jφ1jβs(t))[J0(γ)+jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)]+cosθexp(jωotjφ2jβs(t))[J0(γ)jJ1(γ)exp(jωmt)],
Eout(t)J1(γ)exp(jωot+jωmt+jβs(t))+J0(γ)exp(jωotjβs(t)).
IAC(t)J0(γ)J1(γ)cos(ωmt+2βs(t)).

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