Abstract

A high color purity red emission is obtained in Pr3+ activated NaGdTiO4 (NGTP) materials. The International Commission on Illumination (CIE) chromaticity coordinates are calculated to be 0.663, 0.337, which are very close to the National Television System Committee (NTSC) red color 0.67, 0.34. The good color coordinates are due to intensive quenching of P03H43 emissions through the metal-to-metal intervalence charge transfer. Interestingly, the high color purity red emitting is observed not only under UV light excitation but also under low-voltage cathode ray excitation. The results indicate that NGTP may have a potential application in field emission displays.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Yang, X. Kang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, Dalton Trans. 41, 8861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

C. C. Lin and R.-S. Liu, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2, 1268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Lewis, P. Glover, M. Solomons, and Z. Pikramenou, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Park and T. Vogt, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 4516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, L. Sarakha, R. Mahiou, P. Dorenbos, and Y. Inaguma, J. Lumin. 130, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Dorenbos, A. H. Krumpel, E. van der Kolk, P. Boutinaud, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Opt. Mater. 32, 1681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Peng, Z. Hou, C. Zhang, G. Li, H. Lian, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, Opt. Express 18, 7543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

S. Lee, W. H. Woodford, and C. A. Randall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu and J. Lin, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

H. Peng, C.-W. Lee, and H. O. Everitt, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 073520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Oubaha, R. Mahiou, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, Opt. Mater. 28, 9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Dubois, A. P. Vink, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 111, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999

W. S. Kim, K. H. Yoon, and E. S. Kim, Mater. Res. Bull. 34, 2309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, Ang. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

K. Toda, Y. Kameo, S. Kurita, and M. Sato, J. Alloys Compd. 234, 19 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

C. De Mello Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1966

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, Phys. Status Solidi B 15, 627 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1960

C. Feldman, Phys. Rev. 117, 455 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1957

J. T. Last, Phys. Rev. 105, 1740 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Beaudette, T.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

P. Dorenbos, A. H. Krumpel, E. van der Kolk, P. Boutinaud, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Opt. Mater. 32, 1681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Oubaha, R. Mahiou, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, Opt. Mater. 28, 9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

C. De Mello Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Boutinaud, P.

P. Boutinaud, L. Sarakha, R. Mahiou, P. Dorenbos, and Y. Inaguma, J. Lumin. 130, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Dorenbos, A. H. Krumpel, E. van der Kolk, P. Boutinaud, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Opt. Mater. 32, 1681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Oubaha, R. Mahiou, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, Opt. Mater. 28, 9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Dubois, A. P. Vink, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 111, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Caillier, B.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

P. Dorenbos, A. H. Krumpel, E. van der Kolk, P. Boutinaud, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Opt. Mater. 32, 1681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Oubaha, R. Mahiou, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, Opt. Mater. 28, 9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chadha, S. S.

S. S. Chadha, D. W. Smith, A. Vecht, and C. S. Gibbons, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1994), Vol. 24, p. 51.

Cheng, B.-M.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z.

Cui, M.

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

De Mello Donegá, C.

C. De Mello Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dexpert-Ghys, J.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dorenbos, P.

P. Boutinaud, L. Sarakha, R. Mahiou, P. Dorenbos, and Y. Inaguma, J. Lumin. 130, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Dorenbos, A. H. Krumpel, E. van der Kolk, P. Boutinaud, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Opt. Mater. 32, 1681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dubois, M.

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Dubois, A. P. Vink, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 111, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Everitt, H. O.

H. Peng, C.-W. Lee, and H. O. Everitt, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 073520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, C.

C. Feldman, Phys. Rev. 117, 455 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Fu, Z.

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gao, D.

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gibbons, C. S.

S. S. Chadha, D. W. Smith, A. Vecht, and C. S. Gibbons, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1994), Vol. 24, p. 51.

Glover, P.

D. Lewis, P. Glover, M. Solomons, and Z. Pikramenou, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grigorovici, R.

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, Phys. Status Solidi B 15, 627 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Guillot, P.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Z.

Inaguma, Y.

P. Boutinaud, L. Sarakha, R. Mahiou, P. Dorenbos, and Y. Inaguma, J. Lumin. 130, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jia, G.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jüstel, T.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, Ang. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kameo, Y.

K. Toda, Y. Kameo, S. Kurita, and M. Sato, J. Alloys Compd. 234, 19 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kang, X.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Yang, X. Kang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, Dalton Trans. 41, 8861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E. S.

W. S. Kim, K. H. Yoon, and E. S. Kim, Mater. Res. Bull. 34, 2309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W. S.

W. S. Kim, K. H. Yoon, and E. S. Kim, Mater. Res. Bull. 34, 2309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Krumpel, A. H.

P. Dorenbos, A. H. Krumpel, E. van der Kolk, P. Boutinaud, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Opt. Mater. 32, 1681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kurita, S.

K. Toda, Y. Kameo, S. Kurita, and M. Sato, J. Alloys Compd. 234, 19 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Last, J. T.

J. T. Last, Phys. Rev. 105, 1740 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-W.

H. Peng, C.-W. Lee, and H. O. Everitt, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 073520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

S. Lee, W. H. Woodford, and C. A. Randall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, D.

D. Lewis, P. Glover, M. Solomons, and Z. Pikramenou, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Yang, X. Kang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, Dalton Trans. 41, 8861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Peng, Z. Hou, C. Zhang, G. Li, H. Lian, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, Opt. Express 18, 7543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lian, H.

Lin, C. C.

C. C. Lin and R.-S. Liu, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2, 1268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Yang, X. Kang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, Dalton Trans. 41, 8861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Peng, Z. Hou, C. Zhang, G. Li, H. Lian, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, Opt. Express 18, 7543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu and J. Lin, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.-S.

C. C. Lin and R.-S. Liu, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2, 1268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu and J. Lin, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mahiou, R.

P. Boutinaud, L. Sarakha, R. Mahiou, P. Dorenbos, and Y. Inaguma, J. Lumin. 130, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Oubaha, R. Mahiou, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, Opt. Mater. 28, 9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Dubois, A. P. Vink, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 111, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mauricot, R.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meijerink, A.

C. De Mello Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nikol, H.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, Ang. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oubaha, M.

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Oubaha, R. Mahiou, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, Opt. Mater. 28, 9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.

S. Park and T. Vogt, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 4516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Yang, X. Kang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, Dalton Trans. 41, 8861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Peng, Z. Hou, C. Zhang, G. Li, H. Lian, Z. Cheng, and J. Lin, Opt. Express 18, 7543 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, H.

H. Peng, C.-W. Lee, and H. O. Everitt, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 073520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pikramenou, Z.

D. Lewis, P. Glover, M. Solomons, and Z. Pikramenou, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pinel, E.

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Oubaha, R. Mahiou, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, Opt. Mater. 28, 9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Dubois, A. P. Vink, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 111, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Randall, C. A.

S. Lee, W. H. Woodford, and C. A. Randall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ronda, C.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, Ang. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sarakha, L.

P. Boutinaud, L. Sarakha, R. Mahiou, P. Dorenbos, and Y. Inaguma, J. Lumin. 130, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

K. Toda, Y. Kameo, S. Kurita, and M. Sato, J. Alloys Compd. 234, 19 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shang, M.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Yang, X. Kang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, Dalton Trans. 41, 8861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. W.

S. S. Chadha, D. W. Smith, A. Vecht, and C. S. Gibbons, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1994), Vol. 24, p. 51.

Solomons, M.

D. Lewis, P. Glover, M. Solomons, and Z. Pikramenou, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, P. A.

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tauc, J.

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, Phys. Status Solidi B 15, 627 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, K.

K. Toda, Y. Kameo, S. Kurita, and M. Sato, J. Alloys Compd. 234, 19 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van der Kolk, E.

P. Dorenbos, A. H. Krumpel, E. van der Kolk, P. Boutinaud, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Opt. Mater. 32, 1681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vancu, A.

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, Phys. Status Solidi B 15, 627 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Vecht, A.

S. S. Chadha, D. W. Smith, A. Vecht, and C. S. Gibbons, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1994), Vol. 24, p. 51.

Vink, A. P.

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Dubois, A. P. Vink, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 111, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, T.

S. Park and T. Vogt, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 4516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Woodford, W. H.

S. Lee, W. H. Woodford, and C. A. Randall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Yang, X. Kang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, Dalton Trans. 41, 8861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, K. H.

W. S. Kim, K. H. Yoon, and E. S. Kim, Mater. Res. Bull. 34, 2309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

Zhang, X.

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, H.

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ang. Chem. Int. Ed.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, Ang. Chem. Int. Ed. 37, 3084 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Gao, H. Zheng, X. Zhang, Z. Fu, Z. Zhang, Y. Tian, and M. Cui, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 011907 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, W. H. Woodford, and C. A. Randall, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 201909 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dalton Trans.

M. Shang, G. Li, D. Yang, X. Kang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, Dalton Trans. 41, 8861 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloys Compd.

K. Toda, Y. Kameo, S. Kurita, and M. Sato, J. Alloys Compd. 234, 19 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

S. Park and T. Vogt, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 4516 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Lewis, P. Glover, M. Solomons, and Z. Pikramenou, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 1033 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

H. Peng, C.-W. Lee, and H. O. Everitt, J. Appl. Phys. 102, 073520 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Dubois, A. P. Vink, and R. Mahiou, J. Lumin. 111, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, L. Sarakha, R. Mahiou, P. Dorenbos, and Y. Inaguma, J. Lumin. 130, 1725 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

X. Liu and J. Lin, J. Mater. Chem. 18, 221 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

J. Dexpert-Ghys, R. Mauricot, B. Caillier, P. Guillot, T. Beaudette, G. Jia, P. A. Tanner, and B.-M. Cheng, J. Phys. Chem. C 114, 6681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett.

C. C. Lin and R.-S. Liu, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2, 1268 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids

C. De Mello Donegá, A. Meijerink, and G. Blasse, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 56, 673 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull.

W. S. Kim, K. H. Yoon, and E. S. Kim, Mater. Res. Bull. 34, 2309 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Mater.

P. Dorenbos, A. H. Krumpel, E. van der Kolk, P. Boutinaud, M. Bettinelli, and E. Cavalli, Opt. Mater. 32, 1681 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Boutinaud, E. Pinel, M. Oubaha, R. Mahiou, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, Opt. Mater. 28, 9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

J. T. Last, Phys. Rev. 105, 1740 (1957).
[CrossRef]

C. Feldman, Phys. Rev. 117, 455 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B

J. Tauc, R. Grigorovici, and A. Vancu, Phys. Status Solidi B 15, 627 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. S. Chadha, D. W. Smith, A. Vecht, and C. S. Gibbons, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers (Society for Information Display, 1994), Vol. 24, p. 51.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Infrared reflectivity spectra of NaGdTiO4 (curve a) and NaGd0.98Pr0.02TiO4 (curve b) at room temperature.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Diffuse reflection spectra of NaGdTiO4 (curve a) and NaGd0.98Pr0.02TiO4 (curve b); UV–visible absorption spectra of NaGdTiO4 (curve c); linear fits (dot–dash curve e) of the (αhυ)1/2hυ curve (curve d) calculated from curve c.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Emission spectra of NaGd0.999Pr0.001TiO4 and (b) emission spectra of NaGd0.999Pr0.001TiO4 from 375 to 550 nm. (c) Dependence of integrated intensity of D21H43 transition on Pr3+ concentration.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Typical CL spectrum of NaGd0.999Pr0.001TiO4 (2 kV, 35μA/cm2) and its photograph. CL intensity of NaGd0.999Pr0.001TiO4 as a function of (b) accelerating voltage and (c) current density.

Equations (3)

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[αhv]n=B(Eghv),
WNR=βelexp[α(ΔE2ωmax)],
IVCT(cm1)=5880049800[χ(Mn+)/d(Pr3+-Mn+)],

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