Abstract

We report a method for amplifying higher-order guided modes, synthesized with a spatial light modulator, in a hydrogen-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber. The gain mechanism is intermodal stimulated Raman scattering, a pump laser source in the fundamental mode providing amplification for weak higher-order seed modes at the Stokes frequency. The gain for higher-order modes up to LP31 is calculated and verified experimentally.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012 (2)

2011 (2)

M. Beresna, M. Geceviius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

1994 (1)

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wiesenfeld, D. J. DiGiovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).

Abdolvand, A.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2006).

Benabid, F.

Beresna, M.

M. Beresna, M. Geceviius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bowman, R.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Carraz, O.

Chen, J. S. Y.

Cherif, R.

Couny, F.

Degiorgio, V.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wiesenfeld, D. J. DiGiovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Euser, T. G.

Foo, G.

Geceviius, M.

M. Beresna, M. Geceviius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gertus, T.

M. Beresna, M. Geceviius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ghalmi, S.

Hölzer, P.

Joly, N. Y.

Kaminski, C. F.

Kazansky, P. G.

M. Beresna, M. Geceviius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kozawa, Y.

Marcatili, E. A. J.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).

Monberg, E.

Nazarkin, A.

Nguyen, T.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nold, J.

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Palacios, D. M.

Podlipendsky, A.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wiesenfeld, D. J. DiGiovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ramachandran, S.

Reintjes, J. F.

J. F. Reintjes, in Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, Supplement 2: Optical Materials, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC, 1995), p. 334.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sato, S.

Scharrer, M.

Schmeltzer, R. A.

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).

Swartzlander, G. A.

Tartara, L.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wiesenfeld, D. J. DiGiovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Walser, A. M.

Whyte, G.

Wiesenfeld, J. M.

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wiesenfeld, D. J. DiGiovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wisk, P.

Wong, G. K. L.

Yan, M. F.

Zghal, M.

Ziemienczuk, M.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Beresna, M. Geceviius, P. G. Kazansky, and T. Gertus, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 201101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bell Syst. Tech. J. (1)

E. A. J. Marcatili and R. A. Schmeltzer, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 43, 1783 (1964).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

C. D. Poole, J. M. Wiesenfeld, D. J. DiGiovanni, and A. M. Vengsarkar, J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1746 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Photonics (1)

M. Padgett and R. Bowman, Nat. Photonics 5, 343 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2006).

J. F. Reintjes, in Handbook of Laser Science and Technology, Supplement 2: Optical Materials, M. J. Weber, ed. (CRC, 1995), p. 334.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup. BP, band pass filter; λ/2, half-wave plate; λ/4, quarter wave plate; SF, spatial filter; PBS, polarizing beam splitter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Near-field images of the intensity distribution of the Stokes modes for different pump energy; LP01 (first column), LP11 (second column), LP21 (third column); the pump energy (indicated in the images) increases going down in the table.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Stokes energy versus pump energy for the different modes; pump depletion becomes significant in the shaded region above the orange curve where Stokes energy is 10% of the pump energy; Eq. (6) is fitted to the linear gain regime (black lines).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Gain G for the different LPm1 modes extracted from the linear gain region below the onset of pump depletion in Fig. 3 (blue diamonds) and theoretically calculated with the overlap factor F from Table 2 (green triangles).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Maximum Gain Demonstrated

Tables Icon

Table 2. Overlap Factor F

Equations (7)

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IS(r,φ,z)z=gIS(r,φ,z)IP(r,φ,z),
Ii¯(z)=1Aeff,iIi(r,φ,z)rdφdr
Aeff,i=(Ii(r,φ,z)rdφdr)2Ii(r,φ,z)2rdφdr.
zIS¯(z)=gFIS¯(z)IP¯(z),
F=Aeff,PIS(r,φ,z)IP(r,φ,z)rdφdrIS(r,φ,z)rdφdrIP(r,φ,z)rdφdr.
WS,out=WS,0exp{gFLAeff,PteffWP}=WS,0exp{GWP},
teff=(IP¯(t)dt)2IP¯(t)2dt=tFWHM2πln2

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