Abstract

Generation of sub-45 fs vacuum UV (VUV) pulses tunable across the spectral range of 146–151 nm at 1 kHz repetition rate is reported. The pulses are produced using noncollinear difference-frequency four-wave mixing between the third-harmonic of an amplified Ti:sapphire laser and the signal wavelength of an infrared optical parametric amplifier (ωVUV=2ωTHωIR) in krypton and argon. The generated VUV pulses have energies as high as 90 nJ. Pulse duration measurements are realized by cross correlation between the VUV pulses and the laser fundamental wavelength using pump-probe ionization in xenon.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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M. Mero and J. Zheng, Appl. Phys. B 106, 37 (2012).
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H. T. Liu, J. P. Müller, M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, W. Radloff, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, and I. V. Hertel, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, and F. Noack, Opt. Lett. 36, 3726 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2006

I. V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, and I. V. Hertel, Phys. Rev. A 56, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1993

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, and J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, and B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

1988

H. Wallmeier and H. Zacharias, Appl. Phys. B 45, 263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

1982

Beutler, M.

Connerade, J. P.

Ghotbi, M.

Hertel, I. V.

H. T. Liu, J. P. Müller, M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, W. Radloff, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, and I. V. Hertel, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, and I. V. Hertel, Opt. Lett. 35, 1491 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, and I. V. Hertel, Phys. Rev. A 56, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hilber, G.

Hilbig, R.

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

Kittelmann, O.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, and I. V. Hertel, Phys. Rev. A 56, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, and J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, and I. V. Hertel, Phys. Rev. A 56, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, and J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lago, A.

Le Blanc, S. P.

Liu, H. T.

H. T. Liu, J. P. Müller, M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, W. Radloff, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, and I. V. Hertel, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

Marangos, J. P.

Mero, M.

M. Mero and J. Zheng, Appl. Phys. B 106, 37 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Momma, C.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, and B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mossavi, K.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, and B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Müller, J. P.

H. T. Liu, J. P. Müller, M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, W. Radloff, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, and I. V. Hertel, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nazarkin, A.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, and I. V. Hertel, Phys. Rev. A 56, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Petrov, V.

Qi, Z.

Radloff, W.

H. T. Liu, J. P. Müller, M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, W. Radloff, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, and I. V. Hertel, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ringling, J.

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, and I. V. Hertel, Phys. Rev. A 56, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Ringling, O. Kittelmann, F. Noack, G. Korn, and J. Squier, Opt. Lett. 18, 2035 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

Schulz, C. P.

H. T. Liu, J. P. Müller, M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, W. Radloff, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, and I. V. Hertel, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shen, N.

Squier, J.

Tünnermann, A.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, and B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Wallmeier, H.

H. Wallmeier and H. Zacharias, Appl. Phys. B 45, 263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wellegehausen, B.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, and B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Windolph, C.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, and B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zacharias, H.

H. Wallmeier and H. Zacharias, Appl. Phys. B 45, 263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

H. T. Liu, J. P. Müller, M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, W. Radloff, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, and I. V. Hertel, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J.

M. Mero and J. Zheng, Appl. Phys. B 106, 37 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

H. Wallmeier and H. Zacharias, Appl. Phys. B 45, 263 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Mero and J. Zheng, Appl. Phys. B 106, 37 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

A. Tünnermann, C. Momma, K. Mossavi, C. Windolph, and B. Wellegehausen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1233 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

H. T. Liu, J. P. Müller, M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, F. Noack, W. Radloff, N. Zhavoronkov, C. P. Schulz, and I. V. Hertel, J. Chem. Phys. 134, 094305 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, O. Kittelmann, J. Ringling, and I. V. Hertel, Phys. Rev. A 56, 671 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rep. Prog. Phys.

I. V. Hertel and W. Radloff, Rep. Prog. Phys. 69, 1897 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the generation of tunable VUV pulses by FWDFM between the TH and signal output of an IR-OPA. BS, beam-splitter; HWP, half-wave plate; CP, compensation plate; TOF, time-of-flight mass spectrometer. SHG, second harmonic generation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Typical spectra and pulse energy of the signal output of the two-stage WLC seeded BIBO IR-OPA across the tuning range and (b) the spectra and pulse energy of the generated VUV pulses across the tuning range.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Cross-correlation trace between the fundamental and VUV pulses at 148 nm. The measurement was performed in a xenon-filled TOF mass spectrometer.

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