Abstract

The period-one (P1) nonlinear dynamics of a semiconductor laser subject to both optical injection and optical feedback are investigated for photonic microwave generation. The optical injection first drives the laser into P1 dynamics so that its intensity oscillates at a microwave frequency. A dual-loop optical feedback then stabilizes the fluctuations of the oscillation frequency. Photonic generation at 45.424 GHz is demonstrated with a linewidth below 50 kHz using a laser with a relaxation resonance frequency of only 7 GHz. The dual-loop feedback effectively narrows the linewidth by over an order of magnitude, reduces the phase noise variance by more than 500 times, and suppresses side peaks in the power spectrum.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

Y. S. Juan and F. Y. Lin, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 644 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Qi and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Pan, Z. Z. Tang, D. Zhu, D. Ben, and J. P. Yao, Opt. Lett. 36, 4722 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Romeira, K. Seunarine, C. N. Ironside, A. E. Kelly, and J. M. L. Figueiredo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, Opt. Lett. 35, 1911 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Pochet, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, Phys. Rev. E 80, 026218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2005

S. C. Chan and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. C. Chan and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

T. B. Simpson and F. Doft, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1476 (1999).
[CrossRef]

AlMulla, M.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, M. AlMulla, N. Usechak, and V. Kovanis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(2013).

Ben, D.

Cao, H.

Chan, S. C.

S. C. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Chan and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Chan and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

Cheng, L.

Doft, F.

T. B. Simpson and F. Doft, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1476 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Figueiredo, J. M. L.

B. Romeira, K. Seunarine, C. N. Ironside, A. E. Kelly, and J. M. L. Figueiredo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gatare, I.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, Phys. Rev. E 80, 026218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grillot, F.

C. Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B. O.

Huang, D.

Ironside, C. N.

B. Romeira, K. Seunarine, C. N. Ironside, A. E. Kelly, and J. M. L. Figueiredo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

Juan, Y. S.

Y. S. Juan and F. Y. Lin, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 644 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

B. Romeira, K. Seunarine, C. N. Ironside, A. E. Kelly, and J. M. L. Figueiredo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kovanis, V.

M. Pochet, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, M. AlMulla, N. Usechak, and V. Kovanis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(2013).

Lester, L. F.

M. Pochet, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

Li, Y.

C. Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Pochet, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. Y.

C. Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lin, F. Y.

Y. S. Juan and F. Y. Lin, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 644 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. M.

X. Q. Qi and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Chan and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Chan and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, M. AlMulla, N. Usechak, and V. Kovanis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(2013).

Maleki, L.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Naderi, N. A.

C. Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Pochet, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nizette, M.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, Phys. Rev. E 80, 026218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pan, S. L.

Panajotov, K.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, Phys. Rev. E 80, 026218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pochet, M.

M. Pochet, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qi, X. Q.

X. Q. Qi and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Quan, Z.

Quirce, A.

Romeira, B.

B. Romeira, K. Seunarine, C. N. Ironside, A. E. Kelly, and J. M. L. Figueiredo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sciamanna, M.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, Phys. Rev. E 80, 026218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seunarine, K.

B. Romeira, K. Seunarine, C. N. Ironside, A. E. Kelly, and J. M. L. Figueiredo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, T. B.

T. B. Simpson and F. Doft, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1476 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, M. AlMulla, N. Usechak, and V. Kovanis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(2013).

Tan, Y. N.

Tang, Z. Z.

Thienpont, H.

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, Phys. Rev. E 80, 026218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Usechak, N.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, M. AlMulla, N. Usechak, and V. Kovanis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(2013).

Valle, A.

Yao, J. P.

Yao, X. S.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhu, D.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Y. Lin, F. Grillot, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, and L. F. Lester, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 051118 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

X. S. Yao and L. Maleki, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 79 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Chan, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 421 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Chan and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 1142 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. C. Chan and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Q. Qi and J. M. Liu, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 17, 1198 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

Y. S. Juan and F. Y. Lin, IEEE Photon. J. 3, 644 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Pochet, N. A. Naderi, Y. Li, V. Kovanis, and L. F. Lester, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 763 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Simpson and F. Doft, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1476 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Romeira, K. Seunarine, C. N. Ironside, A. E. Kelly, and J. M. L. Figueiredo, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. E

I. Gatare, M. Sciamanna, M. Nizette, H. Thienpont, and K. Panajotov, Phys. Rev. E 80, 026218 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, M. AlMulla, N. Usechak, and V. Kovanis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(2013).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of a semiconductor laser under optical injection and dual-loop optical feedback. ML, master laser; SL, slave laser; PC, polarization controller; FC, fiber coupler; CIR, circulator; OI, optical isolator; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; PD, photodetector; A, microwave amplifier; and PSA, power spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a)–(c) Optical spectra of the SL emissions in P1 dynamics subject to optical injection with (Pi,fi)=(4.5mW,17.3GHz), (7.2 mW, 40.9 GHz), and (7.6 mW, 98.4 GHz), respectively. Resolution bandwidth, 7.5 GHz. (d) (Pi,fi) required for equal-amplitude P1 dynamics at different f0.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Power spectra of the SL emissions (a) without feedback, (b) with single-loop feedback, (c) with dual-loop feedback when (Pi,fi)=(4.5mW,17.3GHz), and (d) with dual-loop feedback when (Pi,fi)=(7.2mW,41.3GHz).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Linewidth and (b) phase noise variance as functions of f0. Circles, no feedback; triangles, single-loop feedback; diamonds, dual-loop feedback.

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