Abstract

ITO/Ag/ITO (IAI) multilayer-based transparent conductive electrodes for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes are fabricated by reactive sputtering, optimized by annealing, and characterized with respect to electrical and optical properties. Increasing the annealing temperature from 300°C to 500°C decreased the sheet resistance and increased the transmittance. This may result from an observed improvement in the crystallinity of the IAI multilayer and a reduction in the near-UV absorption coefficient of Ag. We observed the lowest sheet resistance (9.21Ω/sq) and the highest optical transmittance (88%) at 380 nm for the IAI multilayer samples annealed in N2 gas at 500°C.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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