Abstract

Strong retardation of ultrashort optical pulses, including their deceleration and stoppage in the form of Bragg solitons in a cascaded Bragg grating (BG) structure, is proposed. The manipulations of the pulses are carried out, using nonlinear effects, in a chirped BG segment which is linked, via a defect, to a uniform grating. The storage of the ultrashort pulses is shown to be very robust with respect to variations of the input field intensity, suggesting the feasibility of storing ultrafast optical pulses in such a structure. Physical estimates are produced for the BGs written in silicon.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

C. M. de Sterke, I. V. Kabakova, I. Uddin, J. Jeyaratnam, and B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 88, 033825 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

J. Li, L. O’Faolain, S. A. Schulz, and T. F. Krauss, Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 10, 589 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Qian, L. Zhan, H. Li, X. Hu, J. Peng, L. Zhang, and Y. Xia, Opt. Express 17, 22217 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

D. R. Neill, J. Atai, and B. A. Malomed, J. Opt. A 10, 085105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. T. Li and J. Y. Zhou, Opt. Express 14, 2811 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Mok, C. M. de Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Phys. 2, 775 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (6)

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug and J. Vucković, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. P. Chen, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 066601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Atai and B. A. Malomed, Phys. Lett. A 342, 404 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Khurgin, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1062 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Janner, G. Galzerano, G. D. Valle, P. Laporta, and S. Longhi, Phys. Rev. E 72, 056605 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2141 (2004).

O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, Opt. Express 12, 5269 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (6)

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 725 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. N. Xiao, J. Y. Zhou, and J. P. Prineas, Opt. Express 11, 3277 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 68, 026609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 67, 026608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Ku, J. Kim, and S. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. de Sterke, Phys. Rev. E 62, 2882 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

C. M. de Sterke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2660 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Kozhekin, G. Kurizki, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3647 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grobkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Prog. Opt. 33, 203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

L. Poladian, Phys. Rev. E 48, 4758 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

A. B. Aceves and S. Wabnitz, Phys. Lett. 141, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Christodoulides and R. I. Joseph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1746 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Aceves, A. B.

A. B. Aceves and S. Wabnitz, Phys. Lett. 141, 37 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

H. Altug and J. Vucković, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 111102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Atai, J.

D. R. Neill, J. Atai, and B. A. Malomed, J. Opt. A 10, 085105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Atai and B. A. Malomed, Phys. Lett. A 342, 404 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

T. Baba, Nat. Photonics 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Band, Y. B.

Behroozi, C. H.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Boyraz, O.

Bristow, A. D.

A. D. Bristow, N. Rotenberg, and H. M. van Driel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 191104 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Ku, J. Kim, and S. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P. Y. P.

P. Y. P. Chen, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 066601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Christodoulides, D. N.

D. N. Christodoulides and R. I. Joseph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1746 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

P. Y. P. Chen, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 066601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2141 (2004).

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 67, 026608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 725 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 68, 026609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Ku, J. Kim, and S. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Corcoran, B.

de Sterke, C. M.

C. M. de Sterke, I. V. Kabakova, I. Uddin, J. Jeyaratnam, and B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 88, 033825 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Mok, C. M. de Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Phys. 2, 775 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. N. Tsoy and C. M. de Sterke, Phys. Rev. E 62, 2882 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2660 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. M. de Sterke and J. E. Sipe, Prog. Opt. 33, 203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dietrich, E.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grobkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dinu, M.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, M. Pelusi, C. Grillet, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Moss, Opt. Express 18, 7770 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Mok, C. M. de Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Phys. 2, 775 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Eiselt, M.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grobkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Galzerano, G.

D. Janner, G. Galzerano, G. D. Valle, P. Laporta, and S. Longhi, Phys. Rev. E 72, 056605 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, H.

M. Dinu, F. Quochi, and H. Garcia, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2954 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goodman, R. H.

Grillet, C.

Grobkopf, G.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grobkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Jain, M.

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jalali, B.

Janner, D.

D. Janner, G. Galzerano, G. D. Valle, P. Laporta, and S. Longhi, Phys. Rev. E 72, 056605 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeyaratnam, J.

C. M. de Sterke, I. V. Kabakova, I. Uddin, J. Jeyaratnam, and B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 88, 033825 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Joseph, R. I.

D. N. Christodoulides and R. I. Joseph, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1746 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kabakova, I. V.

C. M. de Sterke, I. V. Kabakova, I. Uddin, J. Jeyaratnam, and B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 88, 033825 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kasapi, A.

A. Kasapi, M. Jain, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2447 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Khurgin, J. B.

Kim, J.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Ku, J. Kim, and S. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koos, C.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kozhekin, A. E.

A. E. Kozhekin, G. Kurizki, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3647 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

Krug, P. A.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, C. M. de Sterke, P. A. Krug, and J. E. Sipe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 1627 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ku, P.

C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Ku, J. Kim, and S. Chuang, Proc. IEEE 91, 1884 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Küller, L.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grobkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kurizki, G.

A. E. Kozhekin, G. Kurizki, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3647 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Langenhorst, R.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grobkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

D. Janner, G. Galzerano, G. D. Valle, P. Laporta, and S. Longhi, Phys. Rev. E 72, 056605 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, J.

J. Li, L. O’Faolain, S. A. Schulz, and T. F. Krauss, Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. 10, 589 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. T.

Littler, I. C. M.

J. T. Mok, C. M. de Sterke, I. C. M. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Phys. 2, 775 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu, Z. Dutton, C. H. Behroozi, and L. V. Hau, Nature 409, 490 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Longhi, S.

D. Janner, G. Galzerano, G. D. Valle, P. Laporta, and S. Longhi, Phys. Rev. E 72, 056605 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

R. Langenhorst, M. Eiselt, W. Pieper, G. Grobkopf, R. Ludwig, L. Küller, E. Dietrich, and H. G. Weber, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 324 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mak, W. C. K.

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2141 (2004).

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 67, 026608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 68, 026609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 725 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Malomed, B.

A. E. Kozhekin, G. Kurizki, and B. Malomed, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3647 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Malomed, B. A.

C. M. de Sterke, I. V. Kabakova, I. Uddin, J. Jeyaratnam, and B. A. Malomed, Phys. Rev. A 88, 033825 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Neill, J. Atai, and B. A. Malomed, J. Opt. A 10, 085105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Y. P. Chen, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 71, 066601 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Atai and B. A. Malomed, Phys. Lett. A 342, 404 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2141 (2004).

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 67, 026608 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20, 725 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. C. K. Mak, B. A. Malomed, and P. L. Chu, Phys. Rev. E 68, 026609 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, Nature 438, 65 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photonics 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mok, J. T.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Wavenumber detuning as a function of the propagation distance. (b) Dependence of the effective potential energy on the propagation distance, which is reverse to that of the detuning. (c) Sketch of the pulse propagation in the gratings without the defect, in three different cases. (d) Simulations of the pulse propagation for different peak intensities, injected into the grating without the defect: (d1) 0.65GW/cm2, (d2) 2.26GW/cm2, (d3) 2.29GW/cm2, and (d4) 2.30GW/cm2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Examples of trapping the incident pulse by the defect with strength ε=0.05 at the following values of the initial peak intensity IP: (a1) 1.94GW/cm2, (a2) 2.14GW/cm2, (a3) 2.33GW/cm2, and (a4) 2.59GW/cm2. (b) The relative width of the trapping interval as a function of the defect’s strength ε.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Free motion of the Bragg soliton in the uniform grating. (a) Trajectories of the motion: (a1) for ε=0.04, IP=2.65GW/cm2; (a2) for ε=0.04, IP=2.69GW/cm2; (a3) for ε=0.05, IP=2.74GW/cm2; (a4) for ε=0.05, IP=2.78GW/cm2. (b) The soliton’s velocity versus the initial peak intensity, IP, at different values of the defect’s strength.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Typical example of the stable trapping optical pulse with IP=6.47GW/cm2, at λ=2μm, C=2.6213×104cm1, Λ0=292.7nm (a) without the TPA effect and (b) with the TPA effect included (Im[n2]=0.2×1016cm2/W).

Equations (1)

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±iEf,bz+ivgEf,bt+δ(z)Ef,b+κ(z)Eb,f+γ(|Ef,b|2+2|Eb,f|2)Ef,b=0,

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