Abstract

We introduce a method for designing an H1 photonic crystal cavity to enhance its quality factor (Q factor). The highest theoretical Q factor of 120,000 is obtained. The Fourier transformation of field distribution shows that the enhancement arises from the component reduction of a leaky mode. The Q-factor improvement has also been demonstrated experimentally with the highest value of 11,700. Our design could be useful for studying light–matter interaction in an H1 cavity as the mode volume only increases slightly.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gogna, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2680 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, Nature 407, 608 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Akahane, M. Mochizuki, T. Asano, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1341 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. M. Purcell, Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Canet-Ferrer, L. J. Martínez, I. Prieto, B. Alén, G. Muñoz-Matutano, D. Fuster, Y. González, M. L. Dotor, L. González, P. A. Postigo, and J. P. Martínez-Pastor, Opt. Express 20, 7901 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photonics 1, 449 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Johne, N. A. Gippius, G. Pavlovic, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 240404 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. K. Pathak and S. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 79, 205416 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Takagi, Y. Ota, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, Opt. Express, 20, 28292 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H.-Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4294 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

2009 (2)

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Pathak and S. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 79, 205416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

R. Johne, N. A. Gippius, G. Pavlovic, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 240404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photonics 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, M. Mochizuki, T. Asano, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gogna, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2680 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, Nature 407, 608 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1946 (1)

E. M. Purcell, Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, M. Mochizuki, T. Asano, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alén, B.

Arakawa, Y.

H. Takagi, Y. Ota, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, Opt. Express, 20, 28292 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photonics 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, M. Mochizuki, T. Asano, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Canet-Ferrer, J.

Chutinan, A.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, Nature 407, 608 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D. G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dotor, M. L.

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fattal, D.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Forchel, A.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photonics 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fuster, D.

Gibbs, H. M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gippius, N. A.

R. Johne, N. A. Gippius, G. Pavlovic, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 240404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gogna, P.

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gogna, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2680 (2002).
[CrossRef]

González, L.

González, Y.

Happ, T. D.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, S.

P. K. Pathak and S. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 79, 205416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ikeda, N.

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Imada, M.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, Nature 407, 608 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, S.

H. Takagi, Y. Ota, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, Opt. Express, 20, 28292 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Iwamoto, S.

H. Takagi, Y. Ota, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, Opt. Express, 20, 28292 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Johne, R.

R. Johne, N. A. Gippius, G. Pavlovic, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 240404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kono, S.

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kulakovskii, V. D.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kumagai, N.

H. Takagi, Y. Ota, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, Opt. Express, 20, 28292 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

H.-Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gogna, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2680 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Malpuech, G.

R. Johne, N. A. Gippius, G. Pavlovic, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 240404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Martínez, L. J.

Martínez-Pastor, J. P.

Mochizuki, M.

Y. Akahane, M. Mochizuki, T. Asano, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz-Matutano, G.

Nakaoka, T.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photonics 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, M. Mochizuki, T. Asano, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, Nature 407, 608 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nomura, M.

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

H.-Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohkouchi, S.

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ota, Y.

H. Takagi, Y. Ota, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, and Y. Arakawa, Opt. Express, 20, 28292 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pathak, P. K.

P. K. Pathak and S. Hughes, Phys. Rev. B 79, 205416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pavlovic, G.

R. Johne, N. A. Gippius, G. Pavlovic, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 240404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Postigo, P. A.

Prieto, I.

Purcell, E. M.

E. M. Purcell, Phys. Rev. 69, 681 (1946).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, Y.

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gogna, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2680 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Reithmaier, J.-P.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H.-Y.

H.-Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gogna, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2680 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O. B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shelykh, I. A.

R. Johne, N. A. Gippius, G. Pavlovic, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 240404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shirane, M.

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Solnyshkov, D. D.

R. Johne, N. A. Gippius, G. Pavlovic, D. D. Solnyshkov, I. A. Shelykh, and G. Malpuech, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 240404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Solomon, G.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, B. S.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, Y.

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takagi, H.

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Akahane, M. Mochizuki, T. Asano, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tartakovskii, I. I.

T. D. Happ, I. I. Tartakovskii, V. D. Kulakovskii, J.-P. Reithmaier, M. Kamp, and A. Forchel, Phys. Rev. B 66, 041303 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, A.

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ushida, J.

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Waks, E.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J. D. O’Brien, P. D. Dapkus, and I. Kim, Science 284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yorozu, S.

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gogna, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2680 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

D. Englund, D. Fattal, E. Waks, G. Solomon, B. Zhang, T. Nakaoka, Y. Arakawa, Y. Yamamoto, and J. Vuckovic, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 013904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Y. Ota, M. Shirane, M. Nomura, N. Kumagai, S. Ishida, S. Iwamoto, S. Yorozu, and Y. Arakawa, Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 033102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Loncar, T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, P. Gogna, and Y. Qiu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 2680 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, M. Mochizuki, T. Asano, Y. Tanaka, and S. Noda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1341 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, and Y.-H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 4294 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Shirane, S. Kono, J. Ushida, S. Ohkouchi, N. Ikeda, Y. Sugimoto, and A. Tomita, J. Appl. Phys. 101, 073107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, Nat. Mater. 4, 207 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Noda, M. Fujita, and T. Asano, Nat. Photonics 1, 449 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H. M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O. B. Shchekin, and D. G. Deppe, Nature 432, 200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, Nature 425, 944 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, Nature 407, 608 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic modified H1 cavity. The lattice constant is a. The radius of regular air hole is r. The nearest six air holes around defect are shifted and their radii are reduced to r, as illustrated in the enlarged figure on the right. The radii of air holes inside regions I and II are reduced to r.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Simulated Q factors against varied r/r ratios. Each line represents individual value of r from 0.154a to 0.231a. (b) Corresponding mode volumes.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simulated electric field distributions (Ex) of V-dipole mode for various r/r ratios (upper row) and their two-dimensional spatial Fourier transform profiles in tangential k-vector space k(lower row). Light cones are plotted in white circles.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Top view of SEM image for fabricated H1 cavity. The right figures are the local enlarged images of the six nearest holes and those in region II. (b) Measured spectra showing H- and V-dipole modes of an H1 cavity. The blue and red dots were measured data, and the blue and red curves were fitted data. Inset: the polar plot of cavity modes.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Measured Q factors and (b) enhancement factors for r/r ratios of 1, 0.923, 0.846, and 0.769. The grouping devices are plotted with the same symbol. The dashed lines are a guide for the eye.

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