Abstract

A scheme to generate a flat optical frequency comb (OFC) with a fixed phase relationship between the comb lines is proposed and experimentally demonstrated based on a cascaded polarization modulator (PolM) and phase modulator. Because the PolM introduces more controllable parameters compared with the conventional intensity modulator, 9, 11, and 13 comb lines can be generated with relatively low RF powers, or 15, 17, and 19 comb lines can be obtained if high RF powers are applied. The experimentally generated 9, 11, and 13 OFCs have a flatness of 1, 1.3, and 2.1 dB, respectively. The scheme requires no DC bias to the modulators, no optical filter, and no frequency divider or multiplier, which is simple and stable.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

F. Z. Zhang, J. Wu, Y. Li, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Commun. 290, 37 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (2)

Y. J. Dou, H. M. Zhang, and M. Y. Yao, Opt. Lett. 36, 2749 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, X. P. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Y. Zhang, Y. L. Guo, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 284, 3706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2007 (3)

2003 (1)

Allison, T. K.

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Avino, S.

G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, S. Avino, P. Ferraro, and P. De Natale, Science 330, 1081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bull, J. D.

Cingöz, A.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Nature 482, 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Company, V. T.

De Natale, P.

G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, S. Avino, P. Ferraro, and P. De Natale, Science 330, 1081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

Dou, Y. J.

Ellis, A. D.

Fermann, M. E.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Nature 482, 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferraro, P.

G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, S. Avino, P. Ferraro, and P. De Natale, Science 330, 1081 (2010).
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Fujiwara, M.

Gagliardi, G.

G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, S. Avino, P. Ferraro, and P. De Natale, Science 330, 1081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, F. C.

Guo, R. H.

Guo, Y. L.

X. Zhou, X. P. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Y. Zhang, Y. L. Guo, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 284, 3706 (2011).
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Hartl, I.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Nature 482, 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

He, C.

Healy, T.

Huang, C. B.

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

Izutsu, M.

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.

Kawanishi, T.

Komukai, T.

Leaird, D. E.

R. Wu, V. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Opt. Lett. 35, 3234 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

F. Z. Zhang, J. Wu, Y. Li, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Commun. 290, 37 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J. T.

F. Z. Zhang, J. Wu, Y. Li, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Commun. 290, 37 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Long, C. M.

Metcalf, A. J.

Pan, M. H.

Pan, S. L.

C. He, S. L. Pan, R. H. Guo, Y. J. Zhao, and M. H. Pan, Opt. Lett. 37, 3834 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 929 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ruehl, A.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Nature 482, 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, T.

Salza, M.

G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, S. Avino, P. Ferraro, and P. De Natale, Science 330, 1081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, M.

Supradeepa, V.

Suzuki, H.

Suzuki, K.

Takachio, N.

Takada, A.

Teshima, M.

Weiner, A. M.

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X. Zhou, X. P. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Y. Zhang, Y. L. Guo, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 284, 3706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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F. Z. Zhang, J. Wu, Y. Li, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Commun. 290, 37 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wu, R.

Yamamoto, T.

Yao, J. P.

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 929 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, M. Y.

Ye, J.

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Nature 482, 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Nature 482, 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F. Z.

F. Z. Zhang, J. Wu, Y. Li, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Commun. 290, 37 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. M.

Zhang, H. Y.

X. Zhou, X. P. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Y. Zhang, Y. L. Guo, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 284, 3706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. J.

Zheng, X. P.

X. Zhou, X. P. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Y. Zhang, Y. L. Guo, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 284, 3706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B. K.

X. Zhou, X. P. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Y. Zhang, Y. L. Guo, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 284, 3706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, X. P. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Y. Zhang, Y. L. Guo, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 284, 3706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. L. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 929 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photonics 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Cingöz, D. C. Yost, T. K. Allison, A. Ruehl, M. E. Fermann, I. Hartl, and J. Ye, Nature 482, 68 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

F. Z. Zhang, J. Wu, Y. Li, and J. T. Lin, Opt. Commun. 290, 37 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhou, X. P. Zheng, H. Wen, H. Y. Zhang, Y. L. Guo, and B. K. Zhou, Opt. Commun. 284, 3706 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Science (1)

G. Gagliardi, M. Salza, S. Avino, P. Ferraro, and P. De Natale, Science 330, 1081 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the proposed OFC generator based on a cascaded PolM and PM. TLS, tunable laser source; PolM, polarization modulator; PM, phase modulator; PC, polarization controller; Pol, polarizer; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; RF, radio frequency; PS, phase shifter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Typical simulation results of the proposed OFC generator. (a) The power variation contour plot for 19 comb line generation and (b) the relative power distribution within the 19 frequency comb lines.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectra of the OFC with a spacing of 10 GHz and (a) 9 and (b) 11 lines.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Sixty superimposed traces of the 13-line OFC with a spacing of 10 GHz.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Typical Parameters for OFC Generation

Equations (4)

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[ExoEyo]22[exp(jωct+jβ1cosωmt)exp(jωctjβ1cosωmt)],
Eo1[exp(jωctjβ1cosωmt)sinα+exp(jωct+jβ1cosωmt+jϕ)cosα],
Eo2=Eo1·exp(jβ2cosωmt),
Eo2exp(jωct)·n=jnexp(jnωmt){Jn(β2β1)sinα+Jn(β1+β2)exp(jϕ)cosα},

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