Abstract

We demonstrated the continuous-wave operation of a resonantly pumped Er:YAG single-mode channel waveguide laser with diffraction-limited output and nearly quantum defect limited efficiency. Using a longitudinally core-pumped, nearly square (61.2μm×61.6μm) Er3+:YAG waveguide embedded in an undoped YAG cladding, an output power of 9.1 W with a slope efficiency of 92.8% (versus absorbed pump power) has been obtained. To the best of our knowledge, this optical-to-optical efficiency is the highest ever demonstrated for a channel waveguide laser.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. Fromzel, X. Mu, H. Meissner, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Express 20, 25554 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Mu, H. Meissner, H.-C. Lee, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373M (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Parthasarathy, R. S. Hay, G. Fair, and F. K. Hopkins, Opt. Eng. 49, 094302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. D. Stacey, R. M. Jenkins, J. Banerji, and A. R. Davies, Opt. Commun. 269, 310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

S. Setzler, M. Fransis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

1999

1986

Banerji, J.

C. D. Stacey, R. M. Jenkins, J. Banerji, and A. R. Davies, Opt. Commun. 269, 310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beach, R. J.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Beach, S. C. Mitchell, H. E. Meissner, O. R. Meissner, W. F. Krupke, J. M. McMahon, W. J. Bennett, and D. P. Shepherd, Opt. Lett. 26, 881 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bennett, W. J.

Borca, C. N.

Brown, D. C.

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bullington, A. L.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chiang, K. S.

Chicklis, E. P.

S. Setzler, M. Fransis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Davies, A. R.

C. D. Stacey, R. M. Jenkins, J. Banerji, and A. R. Davies, Opt. Commun. 269, 310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J. W.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. Fromzel, X. Mu, H. Meissner, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Express 20, 25554 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Mu, H. Meissner, H.-C. Lee, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373M (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fair, G.

T. A. Parthasarathy, R. S. Hay, G. Fair, and F. K. Hopkins, Opt. Eng. 49, 094302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fransis, M.

S. Setzler, M. Fransis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fromzel, V.

Griebner, U.

Hay, R. S.

T. A. Parthasarathy, R. S. Hay, G. Fair, and F. K. Hopkins, Opt. Eng. 49, 094302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J. E.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H. J.

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, F. K.

T. A. Parthasarathy, R. S. Hay, G. Fair, and F. K. Hopkins, Opt. Eng. 49, 094302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jenkins, R. M.

C. D. Stacey, R. M. Jenkins, J. Banerji, and A. R. Davies, Opt. Commun. 269, 310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Konves, J. R.

S. Setzler, M. Fransis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

Lee, H.

H. Lee, X. Mu, and H. Meissner, in CLEO:2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMB4.

Lee, H.-C.

X. Mu, H. Meissner, H.-C. Lee, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373M (2012).
[CrossRef]

McMahon, J. M.

Meissner, H.

X. Mu, H. Meissner, H.-C. Lee, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373M (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. Fromzel, X. Mu, H. Meissner, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Express 20, 25554 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, X. Mu, and H. Meissner, in CLEO:2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMB4.

Meissner, H. E.

Meissner, O. R.

Messerly, M. J.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, S. C.

Mu, X.

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. Fromzel, X. Mu, H. Meissner, and M. Dubinskii, Opt. Express 20, 25554 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Mu, H. Meissner, H.-C. Lee, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373M (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, X. Mu, and H. Meissner, in CLEO:2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMB4.

Parthasarathy, T. A.

T. A. Parthasarathy, R. S. Hay, G. Fair, and F. K. Hopkins, Opt. Eng. 49, 094302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pax, P. H.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Pollnau, M.

Rivier, S.

Romanyuk, Y. E.

Schonnagel, H.

Setzler, S.

S. Setzler, M. Fransis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shepherd, D. P.

Siders, C. W.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sridharan, A. K.

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stacey, C. D.

C. D. Stacey, R. M. Jenkins, J. Banerji, and A. R. Davies, Opt. Commun. 269, 310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

Vainshtein, L. A.

L. A. Vainshtein, Open Cavities and Open Waveguides (Golem, 1969).

Young, Y. E.

S. Setzler, M. Fransis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. C. Brown and H. J. Hoffman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 207 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Setzler, M. Fransis, Y. E. Young, J. R. Konves, and E. P. Chicklis, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 645 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

C. D. Stacey, R. M. Jenkins, J. Banerji, and A. R. Davies, Opt. Commun. 269, 310 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

T. A. Parthasarathy, R. S. Hay, G. Fair, and F. K. Hopkins, Opt. Eng. 49, 094302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

X. Mu, H. Meissner, H.-C. Lee, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82373M (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Dawson, M. J. Messerly, J. E. Heebner, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, A. L. Bullington, R. J. Beach, C. W. Siders, C. P. J. Barty, and M. Dubinskii, Proc. SPIE 7686, 768611 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Lee, X. Mu, and H. Meissner, in CLEO:2011—Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMB4.

http://refractiveindex.info/?group=CRYSTAL&material=Y3 Al5O12

L. A. Vainshtein, Open Cavities and Open Waveguides (Golem, 1969).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Er:YAG/YAG waveguide rendering (not to scale). (b) Experimental layout of the Er:YAG-core waveguide laser pumped by a single-mode Er-fiber laser. (c) Optical layout used for simultaneous measurements of the incident and transmitted pump power along with the laser output power.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) CW output power of the resonantly pumped Er:YAG-core waveguide laser versus the incident pump power. (b) CW output power versus the absorbed pump power. Laser cavity: length Z=41.3mm, ROC(λLASER)=80%, ROC(λPUMP)=85%, and RoC=50cm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Er:YAG waveguide laser beam diameter at e2 level as a function of the imaging plane position near the focal plane of the lens f=150mm.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Pabs1=P0Pres1ROC(λPUMP).
A1=Pabs1P0.
B=2aλNA.
d(z)=d0·[1+(4·λ·zπ·d02)]1/2,

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