Abstract

We demonstrate a low-noise Brillouin/erbium fiber laser (BEFL), which uses only 1.5 m polarization-maintaining erbium-doped fiber as both the Brillouin and erbium gain media. This BEFL presents a phase noise of 125dB/Hz1/2 at 1 kHz frequency, at 2 mW Brillouin pump (3MHz linewidth) power and 200 mW 980 nm pump power. The polarization extinction ratio of the laser output light is 31 dB. Stable (2h) single-mode operation is observed. This BEFL presents potential applications in distributed Brillouin fiber sensors, inteferometric fiber sensors, and optical communications.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 38, 24 (1999).
  2. M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. L. Zyskind, Opt. Lett. 19, 1406 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Meng, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 5 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Spiefelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 10 (1976).
  6. J. Boschung, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, Electron. Lett. 30, 1488 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, P. Mégret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. J. Cowle and D. Yu. Stepanov, Opt. Lett. 21, 1250 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007), Chap. 9, p. 331.
  11. S. W. Harun, S. Shahi, and H. Ahmad, Opt. Lett. 34, 46 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Zhou, C. Sun, M. Chen, W. Chen, and Z. Meng, Appl. Opt. 51, 29 (2012).
  13. M. Ma, Z. Hu, P. Xu, W. Wang, and Y. Hu, Appl. Opt. 51, B30 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 2 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, Opt. Lett. 21, 758 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  17. X. Bao and L. Chen, Sensors 11, 4152 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, P. Mégret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, C. Sun, M. Chen, W. Chen, and Z. Meng, Appl. Opt. 51, 29 (2012).

M. Ma, Z. Hu, P. Xu, W. Wang, and Y. Hu, Appl. Opt. 51, B30 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

X. Bao and L. Chen, Sensors 11, 4152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

C. Spiefelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 2 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 38, 24 (1999).

1996

1994

J. Boschung, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, Electron. Lett. 30, 1488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Horowitz, R. Daisy, B. Fischer, and J. L. Zyskind, Opt. Lett. 19, 1406 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1976

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 10 (1976).

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007), Chap. 9, p. 331.

Ahmad, H.

Bao, X.

X. Bao and L. Chen, Sensors 11, 4152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boschung, J.

J. Boschung, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, Electron. Lett. 30, 1488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

X. Bao and L. Chen, Sensors 11, 4152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

H. Zhou, C. Sun, M. Chen, W. Chen, and Z. Meng, Appl. Opt. 51, 29 (2012).

Chen, W.

H. Zhou, C. Sun, M. Chen, W. Chen, and Z. Meng, Appl. Opt. 51, 29 (2012).

Cowle, G. J.

Culshaw, B.

S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 38, 24 (1999).

Daisy, R.

Debut, A.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 2 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

Fotiadi, A. A.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, P. Mégret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

C. Spiefelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 10 (1976).

Horowitz, M.

Hu, Y.

Hu, Z.

Jiang, S.

C. Spiefelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 10 (1976).

Johnstone, W.

S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 38, 24 (1999).

Kaneda, Y. Hu.

C. Spiefelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 10 (1976).

Kim, S. K.

S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 38, 24 (1999).

Kinet, D.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

López-Mercado, C. A.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, P. Mégret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ma, M.

Mégret, P.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, P. Mégret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mehnert, A.

L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Z.

H. Zhou, C. Sun, M. Chen, W. Chen, and Z. Meng, Appl. Opt. 51, 29 (2012).

Z. Meng, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mols, P.

L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Niklès, M.

Peyghambarian, N.

C. Spiefelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Randoux, S.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 2 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Robert, P. A.

M. Niklès, L. Thévenaz, and P. A. Robert, Opt. Lett. 21, 758 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Boschung, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, Electron. Lett. 30, 1488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shahi, S.

Siala, S.

L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spiefelberg, C.

C. Spiefelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Spirin, V. V.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, P. Mégret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Yu.

Stewart, G.

Z. Meng, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 38, 24 (1999).

Stolpner, L.

L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

H. Zhou, C. Sun, M. Chen, W. Chen, and Z. Meng, Appl. Opt. 51, 29 (2012).

Thevenaz, L.

J. Boschung, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, Electron. Lett. 30, 1488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thévenaz, L.

Wang, W.

Whitenett, G.

Xu, P.

Zemmouri, J.

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 2 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, C. Sun, M. Chen, W. Chen, and Z. Meng, Appl. Opt. 51, 29 (2012).

Zolotovskiy, I. O.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

Appl. Opt.

S. K. Kim, G. Stewart, W. Johnstone, and B. Culshaw, Appl. Opt. 38, 24 (1999).

H. Zhou, C. Sun, M. Chen, W. Chen, and Z. Meng, Appl. Opt. 51, 29 (2012).

M. Ma, Z. Hu, P. Xu, W. Wang, and Y. Hu, Appl. Opt. 51, B30 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, and D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 10 (1976).

Electron. Lett.

J. Boschung, L. Thevenaz, and P. A. Robert, Electron. Lett. 30, 1488 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Z. Meng, G. Stewart, and G. Whitenett, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Spiefelberg, J. Geng, Y. Hu. Kaneda, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, P. Mégret, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 9, 377 (2012).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Spirin, C. A. López-Mercado, D. Kinet, P. Mégret, I. O. Zolotovskiy, and A. A. Fotiadi, Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 015102 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

A. Debut, S. Randoux, and J. Zemmouri, Phys. Rev. A 62, 2 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

L. Stolpner, S. Lee, S. Li, A. Mehnert, P. Mols, and S. Siala, Proc. SPIE 7004, 700457 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sensors

X. Bao and L. Chen, Sensors 11, 4152 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, 2007), Chap. 9, p. 331.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Configuration of the proposed all-PM BEFL: DFB-LD, distributed feedback laser diode; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; TOF, tunable optical filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectra of the BEFL at various 980 nm pump powers. Inset shows the BEFL output power versus the 980 nm pump power.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Single-longitudinal-mode operation of the proposed BEFL.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Phase noise of the BEFL.

Metrics