Abstract

We present a programmable multitap microwave photonic filter with an arbitrary phase response operating over a broad bandwidth. Complex coefficient taps are achieved by optical line-by-line pulse shaping on a 10 GHz flat optical frequency comb using a novel interferometric scheme. Through high-speed real-time measurements, we demonstrate programmable chirp control of a waveform via phase filtering. This achievement enables us to compress broadband microwave signals to their corresponding bandwidth-limited pulse duration.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Tortoli, F. Guidi, and C. Atzeni, Proc. IEEE Ultrason. Symp. 1, 199 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. D. McKinney and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1681 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. J. Xiao and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4002 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Hamidi and A. M. Weiner, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2355 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Hamidi and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 57, 890 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3279 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Sagues, A. Loayssa, and J. Capmany, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1194 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, Opt. Commun. 281, 217 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Sagues, R. G. Olcina, A. Loayssa, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Opt. Express 16, 295 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3088 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3269 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 1, 463 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, Opt. Express 19, 4566 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Li, A. Malacarne, N. Belhadj, S. LaRochelle, J. Yao, and J. Azana, “Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal and phase hybrid modulation,” presented at the 2011 IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference, Singapore, October18–21, 2011.
  18. M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, Electron. Lett. 37, 967 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).
  20. J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2001).

2011 (2)

M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, Opt. Express 19, 4566 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3088 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3269 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3279 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

E. Hamidi and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 57, 890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Sagues, A. Loayssa, and J. Capmany, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

J. Capmany, B. Ortega, and D. Pastor, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 201 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1681 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Xiao and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, Electron. Lett. 37, 967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. Tortoli, F. Guidi, and C. Atzeni, Proc. IEEE Ultrason. Symp. 1, 199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Araya, K.

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, Electron. Lett. 37, 967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Atzeni, C.

P. Tortoli, F. Guidi, and C. Atzeni, Proc. IEEE Ultrason. Symp. 1, 199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Azana, J.

M. Li, A. Malacarne, N. Belhadj, S. LaRochelle, J. Yao, and J. Azana, “Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal and phase hybrid modulation,” presented at the 2011 IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference, Singapore, October18–21, 2011.

Belhadj, N.

M. Li, A. Malacarne, N. Belhadj, S. LaRochelle, J. Yao, and J. Azana, “Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal and phase hybrid modulation,” presented at the 2011 IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference, Singapore, October18–21, 2011.

Bolea, M.

Capmany, J.

Dai, Y. T.

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3279 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, M.

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, Electron. Lett. 37, 967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guidi, F.

P. Tortoli, F. Guidi, and C. Atzeni, Proc. IEEE Ultrason. Symp. 1, 199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hamidi, E.

E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3269 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Hamidi and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 57, 890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Hamidi and A. M. Weiner, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. B.

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. X. H.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3088 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, Electron. Lett. 37, 967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

M. Li, A. Malacarne, N. Belhadj, S. LaRochelle, J. Yao, and J. Azana, “Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal and phase hybrid modulation,” presented at the 2011 IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference, Singapore, October18–21, 2011.

Leaird, D. E.

M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3269 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, M.

M. Li, A. Malacarne, N. Belhadj, S. LaRochelle, J. Yao, and J. Azana, “Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal and phase hybrid modulation,” presented at the 2011 IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference, Singapore, October18–21, 2011.

Loayssa, A.

M. Sagues, R. G. Olcina, A. Loayssa, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Opt. Express 16, 295 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Sagues, A. Loayssa, and J. Capmany, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Long, C. M.

M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
[CrossRef]

Malacarne, A.

M. Li, A. Malacarne, N. Belhadj, S. LaRochelle, J. Yao, and J. Azana, “Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal and phase hybrid modulation,” presented at the 2011 IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference, Singapore, October18–21, 2011.

Marti, J.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, Opt. Commun. 281, 217 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McKinney, J. D.

J. D. McKinney and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1681 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mengual, T.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, Opt. Commun. 281, 217 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Minasian, R. A.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3088 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mora, J.

Olcina, R. G.

Ortega, B.

Pastor, D.

Proakis, J. G.

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2001).

Sagues, M.

M. Sagues, R. G. Olcina, A. Loayssa, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, Opt. Express 16, 295 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Sagues, A. Loayssa, and J. Capmany, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sales, S.

Seo, D.

M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
[CrossRef]

Song, M.

M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, Electron. Lett. 37, 967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Teshima, M.

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, Electron. Lett. 37, 967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tortoli, P.

P. Tortoli, F. Guidi, and C. Atzeni, Proc. IEEE Ultrason. Symp. 1, 199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vidal, B.

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, Opt. Commun. 281, 217 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3269 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Hamidi and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 57, 890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Hamidi and A. M. Weiner, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 2355 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1681 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Xiao and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).

Wu, R.

M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S. J.

S. J. Xiao and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

M. Li, A. Malacarne, N. Belhadj, S. LaRochelle, J. Yao, and J. Azana, “Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal and phase hybrid modulation,” presented at the 2011 IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference, Singapore, October18–21, 2011.

Yao, J. P.

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3279 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yi, X.

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3088 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

M. Fujiwara, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, K. Araya, and M. Teshima, Electron. Lett. 37, 967 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

M. Song, C. M. Long, R. Wu, D. Seo, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1618(2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Sagues, A. Loayssa, and J. Capmany, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1194 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (6)

E. Hamidi and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 57, 890 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Dai and J. P. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3279 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. McKinney and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 1681 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Xiao and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 54, 4002 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Yi, T. X. H. Huang, and R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3088 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Hamidi, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 58, 3269 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nat. Photon. (1)

Z. Jiang, C. B. Huang, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, Nat. Photon. 1, 463 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Mengual, B. Vidal, and J. Marti, Opt. Commun. 281, 217 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Proc. IEEE Ultrason. Symp. (1)

P. Tortoli, F. Guidi, and C. Atzeni, Proc. IEEE Ultrason. Symp. 1, 199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

M. Li, A. Malacarne, N. Belhadj, S. LaRochelle, J. Yao, and J. Azana, “Flattened optical multicarrier generation of 12.5 GHz spaced 256 channels based on sinusoidal and phase hybrid modulation,” presented at the 2011 IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference, Singapore, October18–21, 2011.

A. M. Weiner, Ultrafast Optics (Wiley, 2009).

J. G. Proakis, Digital Communications (McGraw-Hill, 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

MWPF architecture to implement complex tap weights.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured optical spectrum of the flat comb; (b) Corresponding filter response measured (solid curve) and simulated (dashed curve) with the applied coefficients of the quadratic phase to the comb equal to 0.096 rad.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Real-time measurement experimental setup. (b) Measured temporal profile (left) and RF spectrum of the synthesized input pulse. Measured (solid curve) and simulated (dashed curve) output pulse (left) and corresponding spectrogram (right) calculated with a 0.4 ns Gaussian gating function when β equals (c) 0.096rad and (d) 0.096 rad.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a), (c) Input linear chirp pulses with 0.58ns/GHz and +0.56ns/GHz chirp, respectively, and (b), (d) corresponding measured (solid curve) and simulated (dashed curve) compressed pulses after the matched filter is applied when β equals 0.096 and 0.096, respectively. Inset of (d), single-shot waveform with same x and y axis scale as (d).

Equations (1)

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H(ωRF)nen2exp[jnDΔω(ωRF+τ/D)jΦn],

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