Abstract

Design of miniature and light cameras requires an optical design breakthrough to achieve good optical performance. Solutions inspired by animals’ eyes are the most promising. The curvature of the retina offers several advantages, such as uniform intensity and no field curvature, but this feature is not used. The work presented here is a solution to spherically bend monolithic IR detectors. Compared to state-of-the-art methods, a higher fill factor is obtained and the device fabrication process is not modified. We made an IR eye camera with a single lens and a curved IR bolometer. Images captured are well resolved and have good contrast, and the modulation transfer function shows better quality when comparing with planar systems.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

S.-B. Rim, P. B. Catrysse, R. Dinyari, K. Huang, and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 16, 4965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Dinyari, S.-B. Rim, K. Huang, P. B. Catrysse, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

S. Snow and S. C. Jacobsen, Microelectron. Eng. 84, 11 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

P. Swain, Proc. SPIE 5499, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

S. Johansson, F. Ericson, and J.-Å. Schweitz, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 122 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, J.-H.

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, M.

Auner, G.

Avrutsky, I.

Braüer, A.

Brückner, A.

Catrysse, P. B.

S.-B. Rim, P. B. Catrysse, R. Dinyari, K. Huang, and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 16, 4965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Dinyari, S.-B. Rim, K. Huang, P. B. Catrysse, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chaganti, K.

Chen, Y.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Choi, W. M.

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, B.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dannberg, P.

de la de la Barriere, F.

Dinyari, R.

R. Dinyari, S.-B. Rim, K. Huang, P. B. Catrysse, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S.-B. Rim, P. B. Catrysse, R. Dinyari, K. Huang, and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 16, 4965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Druart, G.

Duparré, J.

Ericson, F.

S. Johansson, F. Ericson, and J.-Å. Schweitz, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 122 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fendler, M.

Ge, H.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Geddes, J. B.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gu, Y.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guerineau, N.

Guérineau, N.

Haidar, R.

Harvey, A. R.

Hoenk, M. E.

S. Nikzad, T. J. Jones, and M. E. Hoenk, “Curved focal plane arrays for compact, wide field-of-view optical systems,” presented at the 38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, League City, Texas, March12–16, 2007.

Huang, K.

S.-B. Rim, P. B. Catrysse, R. Dinyari, K. Huang, and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 16, 4965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Dinyari, S.-B. Rim, K. Huang, P. B. Catrysse, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, Science 327, 1603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. Y.

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huckridge, D.

Jacobsen, S. C.

S. Snow and S. C. Jacobsen, Microelectron. Eng. 84, 11 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Johansson, S.

S. Johansson, F. Ericson, and J.-Å. Schweitz, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 122 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jones, T. J.

S. Nikzad, T. J. Jones, and M. E. Hoenk, “Curved focal plane arrays for compact, wide field-of-view optical systems,” presented at the 38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, League City, Texas, March12–16, 2007.

Kim, D.-H.

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.-S.

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.-H.

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ko, H. C.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leitel, R.

Li, Z.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Malyarchuk, V.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Muyo, G.

Nikzad, S.

S. Nikzad, T. J. Jones, and M. E. Hoenk, “Curved focal plane arrays for compact, wide field-of-view optical systems,” presented at the 38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, League City, Texas, March12–16, 2007.

Peumans, P.

S.-B. Rim, P. B. Catrysse, R. Dinyari, K. Huang, and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 16, 4965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Dinyari, S.-B. Rim, K. Huang, P. B. Catrysse, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Primot, J.

Rim, S.-B.

S.-B. Rim, P. B. Catrysse, R. Dinyari, K. Huang, and P. Peumans, Opt. Express 16, 4965 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Dinyari, S.-B. Rim, K. Huang, P. B. Catrysse, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, J. A.

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, Science 327, 1603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rommeluère, S.

Salakhutdinov, I.

Schweitz, J.-Å.

S. Johansson, F. Ericson, and J.-Å. Schweitz, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 122 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Singh, A.

Snow, S.

S. Snow and S. C. Jacobsen, Microelectron. Eng. 84, 11 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Someya, T.

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, Science 327, 1603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stoykovich, M. P.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Swain, P.

P. Swain, Proc. SPIE 5499, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taboury, J.

Thétas, S.

Tummala, R.

R. Tummala, System on Package: Miniaturization of the Entire System, 1st ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008).

Tünnermann, A.

Wang, L.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Williams, R. S.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wood, A.

Wu, W.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Q.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.-J.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, C.

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Dinyari, S.-B. Rim, K. Huang, P. B. Catrysse, and P. Peumans, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 091114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Johansson, F. Ericson, and J.-Å. Schweitz, J. Appl. Phys. 65, 122 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Microelectron. Eng. (1)

S. Snow and S. C. Jacobsen, Microelectron. Eng. 84, 11 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

Z. Li, Y. Gu, L. Wang, H. Ge, W. Wu, Q. Xia, C. Yuan, Y. Chen, B. Cui, and R. S. Williams, Nano Lett. 9, 2306 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, Nature 454, 748 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. Swain, Proc. SPIE 5499, 281 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

D.-H. Kim, J.-H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H.-S. Kim, T.-H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, Science 320, 507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Rogers, T. Someya, and Y. Huang, Science 327, 1603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Nikzad, T. J. Jones, and M. E. Hoenk, “Curved focal plane arrays for compact, wide field-of-view optical systems,” presented at the 38th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, League City, Texas, March12–16, 2007.

R. Tummala, System on Package: Miniaturization of the Entire System, 1st ed. (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2008).

“ULIS,” http://www.ulis-ir.com .

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Images of the curved detector array scanned by optical profilometry, the colored scale illustrates the deformation in the z axis. (a) is the scanned surface, and (b) is from the software analysis; it represents defects from the scanned surface to the perfect sphere.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pictures of curved microbolometer: (a) the thinned curved component on a glass holder; (b) this curved bolometer bonded onto an electrical board.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

IR camera inspired by the human eye, system f / # = 1.8 and focal length 12.4 mm. (a) Optical system; (b) experimental MTF; (c) IR picture captured by this camera.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Electrical Characterization of Thinned and Curved Bolometera

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