Abstract

Temperature dependent emission spectra and decay times of trivalent dysprosium (Dy3+) activated Y4Al2O9 (YAM) crystals have been studied for the first time (to our knowledge). The ratio of emission lines intensity can be used in temperature measurements, as it is not dependent on the variability of absolute intensity. The Boltzmann model was applied for modeling the temperature variation of the I415/2 and F49/2 states emissions relative intensities 455 and 481 nm, respectively. The calculated approximation gives highest sensor sensitivity of about 3×103°C1 for the 600°C–800°C range, which allows for an expectation of usefulness of Dy3+:YAM in high-temperature luminescence thermometry. Also, the measured decay times are suitable for temperature sensing.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. R. Bugos, S. W. Allison, L. J. Dowell, and G. T. Gillies, in Conference Proceedings—IEEE SOUTHEASTCON (IEEE, 1990), Vol. 3, p. 877.
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Rakov, L. R. A. Bispo, and G. S. MacIel, Opt. Commun. 285, 1882 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Yamane, M. Shimada, and B. A. Hunter, J. Solid State Chem. 141, 466 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Boruc, B. Fetlinski, M. Malinowski, S. Turczynski, and D. Pawlak, Opt. Mater. 342002 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Yamane, M. Omori, A. Okubo, and T. Hira, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 2382 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Fukuda and V. I. Chani, eds., Advances in Materials Research 8, Shaped Crystals: Growth by Micro-Pulling-Down-Technique (Springer2007).
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  9. Y. Rabinovitch, O. K. Moune, D. Tetard, and M. D. Faucher, J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 8244 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Klimczak, M. Malinowski, J. Sarnecki, and R. Piramidowicz, J. Lumin. 129, 1869 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, L. Kovacs, and E. Beregi, Radiat. Meas. 38, 557 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. R. Cates, S. W. Allison, S. L. Jaiswal, and D. L. Beshears, “YAG:Dy and YAG:Tm fluorescence to 1700 C,” Technical paper of ISA, 49th International Instrumentation Symposium, Orlando, Florida, USA, May 4–8,2003, paper no. TP03AERO033.

2012 (2)

N. Rakov, L. R. A. Bispo, and G. S. MacIel, Opt. Commun. 285, 1882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Boruc, B. Fetlinski, M. Malinowski, S. Turczynski, and D. Pawlak, Opt. Mater. 342002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. Klimczak, M. Malinowski, J. Sarnecki, and R. Piramidowicz, J. Lumin. 129, 1869 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, L. Kovacs, and E. Beregi, Radiat. Meas. 38, 557 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Rabinovitch, O. K. Moune, D. Tetard, and M. D. Faucher, J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 8244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

H. Yamane, M. Shimada, and B. A. Hunter, J. Solid State Chem. 141, 466 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

H. Yamane, M. Omori, A. Okubo, and T. Hira, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 2382 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Allison, S. W.

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Bugos, S. W. Allison, L. J. Dowell, and G. T. Gillies, in Conference Proceedings—IEEE SOUTHEASTCON (IEEE, 1990), Vol. 3, p. 877.
[CrossRef]

M. R. Cates, S. W. Allison, S. L. Jaiswal, and D. L. Beshears, “YAG:Dy and YAG:Tm fluorescence to 1700 C,” Technical paper of ISA, 49th International Instrumentation Symposium, Orlando, Florida, USA, May 4–8,2003, paper no. TP03AERO033.

Beregi, E.

G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, L. Kovacs, and E. Beregi, Radiat. Meas. 38, 557 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beshears, D. L.

M. R. Cates, S. W. Allison, S. L. Jaiswal, and D. L. Beshears, “YAG:Dy and YAG:Tm fluorescence to 1700 C,” Technical paper of ISA, 49th International Instrumentation Symposium, Orlando, Florida, USA, May 4–8,2003, paper no. TP03AERO033.

Bispo, L. R. A.

N. Rakov, L. R. A. Bispo, and G. S. MacIel, Opt. Commun. 285, 1882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Boruc, Z.

Z. Boruc, B. Fetlinski, M. Malinowski, S. Turczynski, and D. Pawlak, Opt. Mater. 342002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bugos, A. R.

A. R. Bugos, S. W. Allison, L. J. Dowell, and G. T. Gillies, in Conference Proceedings—IEEE SOUTHEASTCON (IEEE, 1990), Vol. 3, p. 877.
[CrossRef]

Cates, M. R.

M. R. Cates, S. W. Allison, S. L. Jaiswal, and D. L. Beshears, “YAG:Dy and YAG:Tm fluorescence to 1700 C,” Technical paper of ISA, 49th International Instrumentation Symposium, Orlando, Florida, USA, May 4–8,2003, paper no. TP03AERO033.

Chani, V. I.

T. Fukuda and V. I. Chani, eds., Advances in Materials Research 8, Shaped Crystals: Growth by Micro-Pulling-Down-Technique (Springer2007).

Dominiak-Dzik, G.

G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, L. Kovacs, and E. Beregi, Radiat. Meas. 38, 557 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dowell, L. J.

A. R. Bugos, S. W. Allison, L. J. Dowell, and G. T. Gillies, in Conference Proceedings—IEEE SOUTHEASTCON (IEEE, 1990), Vol. 3, p. 877.
[CrossRef]

Faucher, M. D.

Y. Rabinovitch, O. K. Moune, D. Tetard, and M. D. Faucher, J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 8244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fetlinski, B.

Z. Boruc, B. Fetlinski, M. Malinowski, S. Turczynski, and D. Pawlak, Opt. Mater. 342002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

T. Fukuda and V. I. Chani, eds., Advances in Materials Research 8, Shaped Crystals: Growth by Micro-Pulling-Down-Technique (Springer2007).

Gillies, G. T.

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Bugos, S. W. Allison, L. J. Dowell, and G. T. Gillies, in Conference Proceedings—IEEE SOUTHEASTCON (IEEE, 1990), Vol. 3, p. 877.
[CrossRef]

Hira, T.

H. Yamane, M. Omori, A. Okubo, and T. Hira, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 2382 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, B. A.

H. Yamane, M. Shimada, and B. A. Hunter, J. Solid State Chem. 141, 466 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jaiswal, S. L.

M. R. Cates, S. W. Allison, S. L. Jaiswal, and D. L. Beshears, “YAG:Dy and YAG:Tm fluorescence to 1700 C,” Technical paper of ISA, 49th International Instrumentation Symposium, Orlando, Florida, USA, May 4–8,2003, paper no. TP03AERO033.

Klimczak, M.

M. Klimczak, M. Malinowski, J. Sarnecki, and R. Piramidowicz, J. Lumin. 129, 1869 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kovacs, L.

G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, L. Kovacs, and E. Beregi, Radiat. Meas. 38, 557 (2004).
[CrossRef]

MacIel, G. S.

N. Rakov, L. R. A. Bispo, and G. S. MacIel, Opt. Commun. 285, 1882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, M.

Z. Boruc, B. Fetlinski, M. Malinowski, S. Turczynski, and D. Pawlak, Opt. Mater. 342002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Klimczak, M. Malinowski, J. Sarnecki, and R. Piramidowicz, J. Lumin. 129, 1869 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moune, O. K.

Y. Rabinovitch, O. K. Moune, D. Tetard, and M. D. Faucher, J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 8244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okubo, A.

H. Yamane, M. Omori, A. Okubo, and T. Hira, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 2382 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Omori, M.

H. Yamane, M. Omori, A. Okubo, and T. Hira, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 2382 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pawlak, D.

Z. Boruc, B. Fetlinski, M. Malinowski, S. Turczynski, and D. Pawlak, Opt. Mater. 342002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Piramidowicz, R.

M. Klimczak, M. Malinowski, J. Sarnecki, and R. Piramidowicz, J. Lumin. 129, 1869 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rabinovitch, Y.

Y. Rabinovitch, O. K. Moune, D. Tetard, and M. D. Faucher, J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 8244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rakov, N.

N. Rakov, L. R. A. Bispo, and G. S. MacIel, Opt. Commun. 285, 1882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, L. Kovacs, and E. Beregi, Radiat. Meas. 38, 557 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sarnecki, J.

M. Klimczak, M. Malinowski, J. Sarnecki, and R. Piramidowicz, J. Lumin. 129, 1869 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shimada, M.

H. Yamane, M. Shimada, and B. A. Hunter, J. Solid State Chem. 141, 466 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tetard, D.

Y. Rabinovitch, O. K. Moune, D. Tetard, and M. D. Faucher, J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 8244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Turczynski, S.

Z. Boruc, B. Fetlinski, M. Malinowski, S. Turczynski, and D. Pawlak, Opt. Mater. 342002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamane, H.

H. Yamane, M. Shimada, and B. A. Hunter, J. Solid State Chem. 141, 466 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Yamane, M. Omori, A. Okubo, and T. Hira, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 2382 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

H. Yamane, M. Omori, A. Okubo, and T. Hira, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 76, 2382 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

M. Klimczak, M. Malinowski, J. Sarnecki, and R. Piramidowicz, J. Lumin. 129, 1869 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

Y. Rabinovitch, O. K. Moune, D. Tetard, and M. D. Faucher, J. Phys. Chem. A 108, 8244 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

H. Yamane, M. Shimada, and B. A. Hunter, J. Solid State Chem. 141, 466 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. Rakov, L. R. A. Bispo, and G. S. MacIel, Opt. Commun. 285, 1882 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

Z. Boruc, B. Fetlinski, M. Malinowski, S. Turczynski, and D. Pawlak, Opt. Mater. 342002 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Radiat. Meas. (1)

G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, L. Kovacs, and E. Beregi, Radiat. Meas. 38, 557 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. R. Bugos, S. W. Allison, L. J. Dowell, and G. T. Gillies, in Conference Proceedings—IEEE SOUTHEASTCON (IEEE, 1990), Vol. 3, p. 877.
[CrossRef]

T. Fukuda and V. I. Chani, eds., Advances in Materials Research 8, Shaped Crystals: Growth by Micro-Pulling-Down-Technique (Springer2007).

J. P. Feist and A. L. Heyes, http://in3.dem.ist.utl.pt/downloads/lxlaser2000/pdf/18_1.pdf .

M. R. Cates, S. W. Allison, S. L. Jaiswal, and D. L. Beshears, “YAG:Dy and YAG:Tm fluorescence to 1700 C,” Technical paper of ISA, 49th International Instrumentation Symposium, Orlando, Florida, USA, May 4–8,2003, paper no. TP03AERO033.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Temperature variability of the emission spectra. The spectra were normalized to unity for F 4 9 / 2 emission intensity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Arrhenius plot of the intensity ratio temperature dependence.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Temperature dependence of the predicted sensor sensitivity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature dependence of the decay times. The inset on the right shows the same dependence in the logarithmic scale, and the inset on the left shows the obtained sensor sensitivity.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Boltzmann Based Approximations of Experimental Data

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