Abstract

We demonstrate self-phase modulation (SPM) spectral broadening in two-dimensional solitons in homogeneous media using two different schemes. In the active mode, a train of pulses are collectively trapped and form a spatial soliton through a photorefractive, slowly responding, and electronically controlled self-focusing nonlinearity, and each pulse experiences spectral broadening by the fast SPM nonlinearity. In the passive mode, the pulse-train beam is guided in a waveguide that is optically induced by a continuous-wave thermal spatial soliton. The soliton formation increased the normalized spectral broadening factor from 0.5% up to 197%. This experiment presents significant progress toward the experimental demonstration of three-dimensional spatiotemporal pulse-train solitons.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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