Abstract

Upon 808 nm excitation, an intense broadband near-infrared emission from Cr4+ has been observed in 80GeS2-20Ga2S3 chalcogenide glass-ceramics (GCs) containing Ga2S3 nanocrystals. The emission band peaking at 1250 nm covers the O, E, S bands (1000–1500 nm). The formation of Ga2S3 nanocrystals (20nm) increases the emission intensity of Cr4+ by more than three times. The quantum efficiency of the present GCs is as great as 36% at room temperature.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Calvez, H. L. Ma, J. Lucas, and X. Zhang, Adv. Mater. 19, 129 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 30 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Hughes, H. Rutt, D. Hewak, and R. J. Curry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Goodyear and G. A. Steigmann, Acta Crystallogr. 16, 946 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

L. Calvez, H. L. Ma, J. Lucas, and X. Zhang, Adv. Mater. 19, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Hughes, H. Rutt, D. Hewak, and R. J. Curry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

G. Calas, O. Majérus, L. Galoisy, and L. Cormier, Chem. Geol. 229, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903-1 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1044 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Kuck and S. Hartung, Chem. Phys. 240, 387 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Heo, J. M. Yoon, and S. Y. Ryou, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 115 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

J. Goodyear and G. A. Steigmann, Acta Crystallogr. 16, 946 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1044 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alix, M.

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aronson, J. E.

J. E. Aronson, C. R. Haythornthwaite, D. W. Hewak, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped chalcogenide glasses,” available online http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/41737/ .

Brocklesby, W. S.

J. E. Aronson, C. R. Haythornthwaite, D. W. Hewak, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped chalcogenide glasses,” available online http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/41737/ .

Bureau, B.

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bykov, A. B.

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1044 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Calas, G.

G. Calas, O. Majérus, L. Galoisy, and L. Cormier, Chem. Geol. 229, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Calvez, L.

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Calvez, H. L. Ma, J. Lucas, and X. Zhang, Adv. Mater. 19, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

Cormier, L.

G. Calas, O. Majérus, L. Galoisy, and L. Cormier, Chem. Geol. 229, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Curry, R. J.

M. Hughes, H. Rutt, D. Hewak, and R. J. Curry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dai, S.

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

Frumar, M.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frumarova, B.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Galoisy, L.

G. Calas, O. Majérus, L. Galoisy, and L. Cormier, Chem. Geol. 229, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glodis, P. F.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Goodyear, J.

J. Goodyear and G. A. Steigmann, Acta Crystallogr. 16, 946 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Hartung, S.

S. Kuck and S. Hartung, Chem. Phys. 240, 387 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haythornthwaite, C. R.

J. E. Aronson, C. R. Haythornthwaite, D. W. Hewak, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped chalcogenide glasses,” available online http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/41737/ .

Heo, J.

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Heo, J. M. Yoon, and S. Y. Ryou, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 115 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hewak, D.

M. Hughes, H. Rutt, D. Hewak, and R. J. Curry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hewak, D. W.

J. E. Aronson, C. R. Haythornthwaite, D. W. Hewak, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped chalcogenide glasses,” available online http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/41737/ .

Hughes, M.

M. Hughes, H. Rutt, D. Hewak, and R. J. Curry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kuck, S.

S. Kuck and S. Hartung, Chem. Phys. 240, 387 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Le Floch, M.

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ledemi, Y.

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

Lucas, J.

L. Calvez, H. L. Ma, J. Lucas, and X. Zhang, Adv. Mater. 19, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H. L.

L. Calvez, H. L. Ma, J. Lucas, and X. Zhang, Adv. Mater. 19, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Majérus, O.

G. Calas, O. Majérus, L. Galoisy, and L. Cormier, Chem. Geol. 229, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matzen, G.

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Murugan, G. S.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903-1 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903-1 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Orava, J.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Owen, S.

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1044 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petricevic, V.

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1044 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ren, J.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roze, M.

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rutt, H.

M. Hughes, H. Rutt, D. Hewak, and R. J. Curry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ryou, S. Y.

J. Heo, J. M. Yoon, and S. Y. Ryou, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 115 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sharonov, M. Yu.

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1044 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

Shraiman, B. I.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Steigmann, G. A.

J. Goodyear and G. A. Steigmann, Acta Crystallogr. 16, 946 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Stephen, M. J.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903-1 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, G. A.

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, T.

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K.

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, J. M.

J. Heo, J. M. Yoon, and S. Y. Ryou, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 115 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Calvez, H. L. Ma, J. Lucas, and X. Zhang, Adv. Mater. 19, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Acta Crystallogr. (1)

J. Goodyear and G. A. Steigmann, Acta Crystallogr. 16, 946 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

L. Calvez, H. L. Ma, J. Lucas, and X. Zhang, Adv. Mater. 19, 129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

T. Suzuki, G. S. Murugan, and Y. Ohishi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131903-1 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, S. Dai, C. Liu, B. Song, Y. Xu, F. Chen, and J. Heo, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 231910 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Hughes, H. Rutt, D. Hewak, and R. J. Curry, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 031108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Geol. (1)

G. Calas, O. Majérus, L. Galoisy, and L. Cormier, Chem. Geol. 229, 218 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Kuck and S. Hartung, Chem. Phys. 240, 387 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Yu. Sharonov, A. B. Bykov, S. Owen, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 1044 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (2)

S. Dai, C. Lin, F. Chen, X. Zhang, C. Liu, K. Xu, J. Heo, X. Shen, and X. Wang, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2302(2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Heo, J. M. Yoon, and S. Y. Ryou, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 238, 115 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

Y. Ledemi, B. Bureau, L. Calvez, M. Le Floch, M. Roze, C. Lin, X. Zhang, M. Alix, G. Matzen, and Y. Messaddeq, J. Phys. Chem. B 113, 14574 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

J. Ren, T. Wagner, J. Orava, B. Frumarova, and M. Frumar, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 71, 30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

G. A. Thomas, B. I. Shraiman, P. F. Glodis, and M. J. Stephen, Nature 404, 262 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. E. Aronson, C. R. Haythornthwaite, D. W. Hewak, and W. S. Brocklesby, “Optical spectroscopy of Cr4+-doped chalcogenide glasses,” available online http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/41737/ .

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

XRD spectra of the glass (GSC) and GCs (GSC10). The sharp lines are XRD data for standard Ga 2 S 3 crystal. Inset, TEM image of the GCs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Absorption spectra of the base glass (GS), chromium-doped glass (GSC) and GCs (GSC10). Inset: photos of the glasses and GCs. (b) Differential absorption spectra obtained by subtraction of the background absorption. (c) Multiple peaks fit to the differential absorption spectra of the GCs. (d) Tanabe–Sugano (TS) diagram for tetrahedrally coordinated Cr 4 + ( d 2 metal).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Left: Emission spectra of the glass (GSC) and GCs (GSC10). Right: Multiple peaks fit to the emission spectra of the GCs. (b) Decay of the 1250 nm emission monitored at room temperature and 7 K, respectively. The dotted curves are experimental data and the solid curves are single exponential fitting curves.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Raman spectra of the glass (GSC) and GCs (GSC10). The bottom curve is the Raman data for standard Ga 2 S 3 crystal.

Equations (1)

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σ e ( λ ) = ln 2 π A 4 π c n 2 λ 4 Δ λ eff ,

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