Abstract

A combined velocity and temperature measurement method using a high-speed camera, a pulsed UV laser, and temperature-sensitive phosphor particles is proposed. The temperature was calculated from the phosphorescence lifetime, while the velocity was obtained from images of the phosphor particles during a single decay. This method was applied to in-cylinder measurements of gas flow at high temperatures under motoring conditions. Tumble flow was observed at the top dead center. The temperature-change dependence on the crank angle agrees qualitatively with the gas temperature and the pressure.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Alden, J. Bood, Z. J. Li, and M. Richer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 69 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, J. Lumin. 131, 1312 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Kontis, Y. Syogenji, and N. Yoshikawa, Aeronaut. J. 106, 453 (2002).
  5. A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Kissel, E. Baum, A. Dreizler, and J. Brubach, Appl. Phys. B 96, 731 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Omrane, P. Pettersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. Sick, D. C. Drake, and T. D. Fransler, Exp. Fluids 49, 937 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. E. Ranz and W. R. Marshall, Chem. Eng. Prog. 48, 173 (1952).

2011 (2)

M. Alden, J. Bood, Z. J. Li, and M. Richer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, J. Lumin. 131, 1312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

V. Sick, D. C. Drake, and T. D. Fransler, Exp. Fluids 49, 937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

T. Kissel, E. Baum, A. Dreizler, and J. Brubach, Appl. Phys. B 96, 731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Omrane, P. Pettersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. Kontis, Y. Syogenji, and N. Yoshikawa, Aeronaut. J. 106, 453 (2002).

1997 (1)

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

W. E. Ranz and W. R. Marshall, Chem. Eng. Prog. 48, 173 (1952).

Alden, M.

M. Alden, J. Bood, Z. J. Li, and M. Richer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, P. Pettersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Allison, S. W.

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baum, E.

T. Kissel, E. Baum, A. Dreizler, and J. Brubach, Appl. Phys. B 96, 731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bood, J.

M. Alden, J. Bood, Z. J. Li, and M. Richer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Brubach, J.

T. Kissel, E. Baum, A. Dreizler, and J. Brubach, Appl. Phys. B 96, 731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Drake, D. C.

V. Sick, D. C. Drake, and T. D. Fransler, Exp. Fluids 49, 937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dreizler, A.

T. Kissel, E. Baum, A. Dreizler, and J. Brubach, Appl. Phys. B 96, 731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feist, J. P.

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fransler, T. D.

V. Sick, D. C. Drake, and T. D. Fransler, Exp. Fluids 49, 937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gillies, G. T.

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heyes, A. L.

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khalid, A. H.

A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, J. Lumin. 131, 1312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kissel, T.

T. Kissel, E. Baum, A. Dreizler, and J. Brubach, Appl. Phys. B 96, 731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kontis, K.

A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, J. Lumin. 131, 1312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Kontis, Y. Syogenji, and N. Yoshikawa, Aeronaut. J. 106, 453 (2002).

Li, Z. J.

M. Alden, J. Bood, Z. J. Li, and M. Richer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Linne, M. A.

A. Omrane, P. Pettersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marshall, W. R.

W. E. Ranz and W. R. Marshall, Chem. Eng. Prog. 48, 173 (1952).

Omrane, A.

A. Omrane, P. Pettersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ossler, F.

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pettersson, P.

A. Omrane, P. Pettersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ranz, W. E.

W. E. Ranz and W. R. Marshall, Chem. Eng. Prog. 48, 173 (1952).

Richer, M.

M. Alden, J. Bood, Z. J. Li, and M. Richer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Seefeldt, S.

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sick, V.

V. Sick, D. C. Drake, and T. D. Fransler, Exp. Fluids 49, 937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syogenji, Y.

K. Kontis, Y. Syogenji, and N. Yoshikawa, Aeronaut. J. 106, 453 (2002).

Yoshikawa, N.

K. Kontis, Y. Syogenji, and N. Yoshikawa, Aeronaut. J. 106, 453 (2002).

Aeronaut. J. (1)

K. Kontis, Y. Syogenji, and N. Yoshikawa, Aeronaut. J. 106, 453 (2002).

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Kissel, E. Baum, A. Dreizler, and J. Brubach, Appl. Phys. B 96, 731 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Omrane, P. Pettersson, M. Alden, and M. A. Linne, Appl. Phys. B 92, 99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Eng. Prog. (1)

W. E. Ranz and W. R. Marshall, Chem. Eng. Prog. 48, 173 (1952).

Exp. Fluids (1)

V. Sick, D. C. Drake, and T. D. Fransler, Exp. Fluids 49, 937 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. (1)

A. Omrane, F. Ossler, and M. Alden, Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 28, 669 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

A. H. Khalid and K. Kontis, J. Lumin. 131, 1312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

A. L. Heyes, S. Seefeldt, and J. P. Feist, Opt. Laser Technol. 38, 257 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Combust. Inst. (1)

M. Alden, J. Bood, Z. J. Li, and M. Richer, Proc. Combust. Inst. 33, 69 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. W. Allison and G. T. Gillies, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2615 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Concept of proposed combined measurements.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematics of experimental setup with an engine.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Gas temperature and velocity at 0° ATDC.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Gas temperature and velocity at 30° ATDC.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Gas temperature at various crank angles.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temperature response of phosphor particles during cyclic temperature change.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Ii/I0=Cet/τ(i=03),
τ=aexp(b/kT),
dTpdt+zTp=zAcosωt,z=αpmSpcpρpVp,
αpm=NupmλfDp=1λpDp(2+n1Repn2Prf1/3),

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