Abstract

In this Letter, we investigate, for the first time to our knowledge, the spectral properties of a quantum-cascade laser (QCL) from a point of view of a new application as a laser seeder for a nanosecond-pulse high-repetition frequency CO2 laser operating at 10.6 μm wavelength. The motivation for this work is a renewed interest in such a pulse format and wavelength driven by a development of extreme UV (EUV) laser-produced-plasma (LPP) sources. These sources use pulsed multikilowatt CO2 lasers to drive the EUV-emitting plasmas. Basic spectral performance characteristics of a custom-made QCL chip are measured, such as tuning range and chirp rate. The QCL is shown to have all essential qualities of a robust seed source for a high-repetition nanosecond-pulsed CO2 laser required by EUV LPP sources.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. Hutchinson, and A. Cho, Science 264, 553 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Beyer, M. Braun, and A. Lambrecht, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3158 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Lewicki, J. Doty, R. Curl, F. Tittel, and G. Wysocki, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 12587 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Hancock, S. Horrocks, G. Ritchie, J. Helden, and R. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9751 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Nowak, T. Ohta, T. Suganuma, J. Fujimoto, and H. Mizoguchi are preparing a manuscript to be titled “A novel multi-line short-pulse solid-state seeded CO2 laser for extreme ultraviolet employing multi-pass RF-discharge excited slab amplifier.”
  10. D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Borak, C. Phillips, and C. Sirtori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4020 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. Wysocki, A. Kosterev, and F. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 80, 617 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2011

D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Lewicki, J. Doty, R. Curl, F. Tittel, and G. Wysocki, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 12587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

G. Hancock, S. Horrocks, G. Ritchie, J. Helden, and R. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

G. Wysocki, A. Kosterev, and F. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 80, 617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Borak, C. Phillips, and C. Sirtori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4020 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Beyer, M. Braun, and A. Lambrecht, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. Hutchinson, and A. Cho, Science 264, 553 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Abe, T.

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, I.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Asayama, T.

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bakhirkin, Y.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Beyer, T.

T. Beyer, M. Braun, and A. Lambrecht, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borak, A.

A. Borak, C. Phillips, and C. Sirtori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4020 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Böwering, N.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brandt, D.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Braun, M.

T. Beyer, M. Braun, and A. Lambrecht, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buerki, P.

D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bykanov, A.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Caffey, D.

D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. Hutchinson, and A. Cho, Science 264, 553 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. Hutchinson, and A. Cho, Science 264, 553 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chrobak, C.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cook, V.

D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Crivello, S.

D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Curl, R.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Lewicki, J. Doty, R. Curl, F. Tittel, and G. Wysocki, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 12587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Day, T.

D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

De Dea, S.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Doty, J.

R. Lewicki, J. Doty, R. Curl, F. Tittel, and G. Wysocki, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 12587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Endo, A.

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ershov, A.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Faist, J.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. Hutchinson, and A. Cho, Science 264, 553 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Farrar, N.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fomenkov, I.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fraser, M.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J.

K. Nowak, T. Ohta, T. Suganuma, J. Fujimoto, and H. Mizoguchi are preparing a manuscript to be titled “A novel multi-line short-pulse solid-state seeded CO2 laser for extreme ultraviolet employing multi-pass RF-discharge excited slab amplifier.”

Gmachl, C.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Golich, D.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hancock, G.

G. Hancock, S. Horrocks, G. Ritchie, J. Helden, and R. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Helden, J.

G. Hancock, S. Horrocks, G. Ritchie, J. Helden, and R. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, J.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Horrocks, S.

G. Hancock, S. Horrocks, G. Ritchie, J. Helden, and R. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hoshino, H.

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hou, R.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, A.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. Hutchinson, and A. Cho, Science 264, 553 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Khodykin, O.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kosterev, A.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Wysocki, A. Kosterev, and F. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 80, 617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lambrecht, A.

T. Beyer, M. Braun, and A. Lambrecht, J. Appl. Phys. 93, 3158 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lewicki, R.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Lewicki, J. Doty, R. Curl, F. Tittel, and G. Wysocki, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 12587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

McManus, B.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mizoguchi, H.

K. Nowak, T. Ohta, T. Suganuma, J. Fujimoto, and H. Mizoguchi are preparing a manuscript to be titled “A novel multi-line short-pulse solid-state seeded CO2 laser for extreme ultraviolet employing multi-pass RF-discharge excited slab amplifier.”

Moriya, M.

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Myers, D.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nowak, K.

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Nowak, T. Ohta, T. Suganuma, J. Fujimoto, and H. Mizoguchi are preparing a manuscript to be titled “A novel multi-line short-pulse solid-state seeded CO2 laser for extreme ultraviolet employing multi-pass RF-discharge excited slab amplifier.”

Ohta, T.

K. Nowak, T. Ohta, T. Suganuma, J. Fujimoto, and H. Mizoguchi are preparing a manuscript to be titled “A novel multi-line short-pulse solid-state seeded CO2 laser for extreme ultraviolet employing multi-pass RF-discharge excited slab amplifier.”

Partlo, W.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, C.

A. Borak, C. Phillips, and C. Sirtori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4020 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pusharsky, M.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Radunsky, M.

D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rajyaguru, C.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, G.

G. Hancock, S. Horrocks, G. Ritchie, J. Helden, and R. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sirtori, C.

A. Borak, C. Phillips, and C. Sirtori, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 4020 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. Hutchinson, and A. Cho, Science 264, 553 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D.

J. Faist, F. Capasso, D. Sivco, C. Sirtori, A. Hutchinson, and A. Cho, Science 264, 553 (1994).
[CrossRef]

So, S.

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Srivastava, S.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suganuma, T.

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. Nowak, T. Ohta, T. Suganuma, J. Fujimoto, and H. Mizoguchi are preparing a manuscript to be titled “A novel multi-line short-pulse solid-state seeded CO2 laser for extreme ultraviolet employing multi-pass RF-discharge excited slab amplifier.”

Sumitani, A.

H. Hoshino, T. Suganuma, T. Asayama, K. Nowak, M. Moriya, T. Abe, A. Endo, and A. Sumitani, Proc. SPIE 6921, 692131 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Lewicki, J. Doty, R. Curl, F. Tittel, and G. Wysocki, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 12587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kosterev, G. Wysocki, Y. Bakhirkin, S. So, R. Lewicki, M. Fraser, F. Tittel, and R. Curl, Appl. Phys. B 90, 165 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Wysocki, A. Kosterev, and F. Tittel, Appl. Phys. B 80, 617 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vaschenko, G.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vidusek, D.

D. Brandt, I. Fomenkov, A. Ershov, W. Partlo, D. Myers, N. Böwering, N. Farrar, G. Vaschenko, O. Khodykin, A. Bykanov, J. Hoffman, C. Chrobak, S. Srivastava, I. Ahmad, C. Rajyaguru, D. Golich, D. Vidusek, S. De Dea, and R. Hou, Proc. SPIE 7271, 727103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Walker, R.

G. Hancock, S. Horrocks, G. Ritchie, J. Helden, and R. Walker, J. Phys. Chem. A 112, 9751 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Weida, M.

D. Caffey, M. Radunsky, V. Cook, M. Weida, P. Buerki, S. Crivello, and T. Day, Proc. SPIE 7953, 7953 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, G.

R. Curl, F. Capasso, C. Gmachl, A. Kosterev, B. McManus, R. Lewicki, M. Pusharsky, G. Wysocki, and F. Tittel, Chem. Phys. Lett. 487, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Lewicki, J. Doty, R. Curl, F. Tittel, and G. Wysocki, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 12587 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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K. Nowak, T. Ohta, T. Suganuma, J. Fujimoto, and H. Mizoguchi are preparing a manuscript to be titled “A novel multi-line short-pulse solid-state seeded CO2 laser for extreme ultraviolet employing multi-pass RF-discharge excited slab amplifier.”

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Measured tuning range of the QCL system. Center frequencies of P18 and P20 CO2 laser lines are indicated as a reference. 100 kHz pulse frequency, 200 ns pulse duration.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Down-self-chirp rate as a function of pulse time. Data obtained from etalon measurement are compared to a result based on measurement of absorption dips. 1000 ns pulse duration and 10 kHz pulse frequency.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Identified absorption dips imposed on QCL pulse envelope upon a transmission via an absorption cell at various chip temperatures. The FWHM width of the dips was about 5–6 ns. 500 ns pulse duration and 100 kHz frequency.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Timing of the QCL emission frequency overlap with P18 and P20 lines obtained from absorption cell measurements. 500 ns pulse duration and 100 kHz frequency.

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