Abstract

This Letter reports a polymer optical fiber (POF) based large strain sensor based on the multimode interference (MMI) theory for the application of structural health monitoring. A section of POFs is sandwiched between two silica single mode fibers to construct a single-mode-multimode-single-mode structure that produces a MMI spectrum. The strain sensing mechanism of the device was investigated and experimentally verified. A large dynamic range of 2×104με (2%) and a detection limit of 33 µε have been demonstrated.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
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[CrossRef]

Vazquez, C.

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Xiao, H.

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A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, T.

Zubia, J.

G. Durana, M. Kirchhof, M. Luber, I. S. de Ocariz, H. Poisel, J. Zubia, and C. Vazquez, IEEE Sens. J. 9, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Stefani, Y. Wu, C. Markos, and O. Bang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 660 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Mehta, W. Mohammed, and E. G. Johnson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1129 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (2)

A. Stefani, S. Andresen, W. Yuan, and O. Bang, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 3047 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Durana, M. Kirchhof, M. Luber, I. S. de Ocariz, H. Poisel, J. Zubia, and C. Vazquez, IEEE Sens. J. 9, 1219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Fatigue (1)

T. Nobuo, Int. J. Fatigue 24, 281 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

H. Irwan Rawal, N. Kentaro, and U. Sadayuki, Meas. Sci. Technol. 15, 1553 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Y. Liu, G. D. Peng, and P. L. Chu, Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 935 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smart Mat. Struct. (1)

P. Kara, Smart Mat. Struct. 20, 013002 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

J. M. López-Higuera, Handbook of Optical Fibre Sensing Technology (Wiley, 2002).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for measuring large strain of POF-based SMS fiber structure.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transmission spectrum of the proposed structure.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Shift in transmission spectra as the axial strain increased.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Wavelength shift as a function of axial strain for POF-based SMS structure.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Repeatability test of axial strain under the range of elastic deformation of POF-based SMS structure.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ΔL=Lsε,Δa=vaε,Δnco=nco32[p12v(p11+p12)]ε=ncoPeffε,
ΔλS=LsLt[Δnconco+2Δaa+ΔLLs]λ=LsLt(Peff+2v+1)ελ,
ΔλT=λ(αn+dndT)ΔT,
μεΔT=Lt(αn+dndT)×106Ls(Peff+2v+1).

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