Abstract

Near-infrared and mid-infrared (MIR) ultrabroad emission bands were observed in as-grown and annealed Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses, in the wavelength ranges of 1000–1800 nm and 1800–3020 nm, respectively. The MIR emission band could appear through high doping ratio of Bi2O3 or annealing process in air atmosphere. The structure of these glasses, the transformation of emission centers, and the effect of Al ions doping have been discussed, with the conclusion that the Bi2O3-GeO2 binary glasses could be a promising laser material.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Saito, K. Akagawa, M. Ito, A. Takazawa, Y. Hayano, Y. Saito, H. Takami, M. Iye, and S. Wada, Opt. Lett. 32, 1965 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Rulkov, A. A. Ferin, S. V. Popov, J. R. Taylor, I. Razdobreev, L. Bigot, and G. Bouwmans, Opt. Express 15, 5473 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. F. Mollenauer, N. Vieira, and L. Szeto, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 73, 13 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J. M. Spaeth, and R. H. Bartram, J. Phys. Condes. Matter 1, 13 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. H. Bartram, M. Fockele, F. Lohse, and J.-M. Spaeth, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 27 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. P. Power, Nature 463, 171 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Design 44, 437 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. O. Sokolov, V. G. Plotnichenko, and E. M. Dianov, Opt. Lett. 33, 1488 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Smet and W. J. P. Van Enckevort, J. Cryst. Growth 100, 417 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. K. S. P. Singh, Bismuth Oxide and Bismuth Oxide Doped Glasses For Optical and Photonic Applications (Nova, 2012).
  12. X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).
  14. B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Xu, H. Zhao, L. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. Tang, L. Zheng, and H. Li, Opt. Express 18, 3385 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. A. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4551 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, Opt. Express 17, 19345 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, Opt. Express 20, 2562 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. N. Romanov, Z. T. Fattakhova, A. A. Veber, O. V. Usovich, E. V. Haula, V. N. Korchak, V. B. Tsvetkov, L. A. Trusov, P. E. Kazin, and V. B. Sulimov, Opt. Express 20, 7212 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. J. Durben and G. H. Wolf, Phys. Rev. B 43, 2355 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. X. Zheng, R. Xu, and J. D. Mackenzie, J. Mater. Res. 4, 911 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  23. W. H. Zachariasen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 54, 3841 (1932).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. A. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4551 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Hughes, T. Akada, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and D. W. Hewak, Opt. Express 17, 19345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

1999

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Design 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1991

D. J. Durben and G. H. Wolf, Phys. Rev. B 43, 2355 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

F. Smet and W. J. P. Van Enckevort, J. Cryst. Growth 100, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J. M. Spaeth, and R. H. Bartram, J. Phys. Condes. Matter 1, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Bartram, M. Fockele, F. Lohse, and J.-M. Spaeth, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 27 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. X. Zheng, R. Xu, and J. D. Mackenzie, J. Mater. Res. 4, 911 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983

L. F. Mollenauer, N. Vieira, and L. Szeto, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 73, 13 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1932

W. H. Zachariasen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 54, 3841 (1932).
[CrossRef]

Akada, T.

Akagawa, K.

Bartram, R. H.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J. M. Spaeth, and R. H. Bartram, J. Phys. Condes. Matter 1, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Bartram, M. Fockele, F. Lohse, and J.-M. Spaeth, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 27 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

Bouwmans, G.

Cao, R.

Denker, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

Dong, G. P.

M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Durben, D. J.

D. J. Durben and G. H. Wolf, Phys. Rev. B 43, 2355 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fattakhova, Z. T.

Ferin, A. A.

Fockele, M.

R. H. Bartram, M. Fockele, F. Lohse, and J.-M. Spaeth, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 27 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J. M. Spaeth, and R. H. Bartram, J. Phys. Condes. Matter 1, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Design 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, H.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Design 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Haula, E. V.

Hayano, Y.

Hewak, D. W.

Hughes, M. A.

Ito, M.

Iye, M.

Kanabe, T.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Design 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kazin, P. E.

Korchak, V. N.

Li, H.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. A. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4551 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, H. Zhao, L. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. Tang, L. Zheng, and H. Li, Opt. Express 18, 3385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lines, M. E.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lisiecki, R. A.

Liu, J.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lohse, F.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J. M. Spaeth, and R. H. Bartram, J. Phys. Condes. Matter 1, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Bartram, M. Fockele, F. Lohse, and J.-M. Spaeth, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 27 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lyons, K. B.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mackenzie, J. D.

H. X. Zheng, R. Xu, and J. D. Mackenzie, J. Mater. Res. 4, 911 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Miller, A. E.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. Vieira, and L. Szeto, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 73, 13 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Murata, K.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Design 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakatsuka, M.

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Design 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nassau, K.

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Osiko, V.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M.

Peng, M. Y.

M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Popov, S. V.

Power, P. P.

P. P. Power, Nature 463, 171 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Qiu, J. R.

M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Razdobreev, I.

Ren, G.

Romanov, A. N.

Rulkov, B.

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

Saito, N.

Saito, Y.

Shulman, I.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Singh, B. K. S. P.

B. K. S. P. Singh, Bismuth Oxide and Bismuth Oxide Doped Glasses For Optical and Photonic Applications (Nova, 2012).

Smet, F.

F. Smet and W. J. P. Van Enckevort, J. Cryst. Growth 100, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, V. O.

Solarz, P.

Spaeth, J. M.

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J. M. Spaeth, and R. H. Bartram, J. Phys. Condes. Matter 1, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Spaeth, J.-M.

R. H. Bartram, M. Fockele, F. Lohse, and J.-M. Spaeth, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 27 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Su, L.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. A. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4551 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, H. Zhao, L. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. Tang, L. Zheng, and H. Li, Opt. Express 18, 3385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sulimov, V. B.

Suzuki, T.

Sverchkov, S.

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Szeto, L.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. Vieira, and L. Szeto, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 73, 13 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Takami, H.

Takazawa, A.

Tang, H.

Taylor, J. R.

Trusov, L. A.

Tsvetkov, V. B.

Usovich, O. V.

Van Enckevort, W. J. P.

F. Smet and W. J. P. Van Enckevort, J. Cryst. Growth 100, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Veber, A. A.

Vieira, N.

L. F. Mollenauer, N. Vieira, and L. Szeto, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 73, 13 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wada, S.

Wang, Q.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

Wolf, G. H.

D. J. Durben and G. H. Wolf, Phys. Rev. B 43, 2355 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

R. Cao, M. Peng, L. Wondraczek, and J. Qiu, Opt. Express 20, 2562 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. A. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4551 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, H. Zhao, L. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. Tang, L. Zheng, and H. Li, Opt. Express 18, 3385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, R.

H. X. Zheng, R. Xu, and J. D. Mackenzie, J. Mater. Res. 4, 911 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Yu, P.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zachariasen, W. H.

W. H. Zachariasen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 54, 3841 (1932).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L. L.

M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, N.

M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Su, H. Zhao, H. Li, L. Zheng, G. Ren, J. Xu, W. Ryba-Romanowski, R. A. Lisiecki, and P. Solarz, Opt. Lett. 36, 4551 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, H. Zhao, L. Su, J. Yu, P. Zhou, H. Tang, L. Zheng, and H. Li, Opt. Express 18, 3385 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, H. X.

H. X. Zheng, R. Xu, and J. D. Mackenzie, J. Mater. Res. 4, 911 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, L.

Zhou, P.

Appl. Phys. B

B. Denker, B. Galagan, V. Osiko, I. Shulman, S. Sverchkov, and E. Dianov, Appl. Phys. B 95, 801 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fusion Eng. Design

K. Murata, Y. Fujimoto, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, and M. Nakatsuka, Fusion Eng. Design 44, 437 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

W. H. Zachariasen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 54, 3841 (1932).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth

F. Smet and W. J. P. Van Enckevort, J. Cryst. Growth 100, 417 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res.

H. X. Zheng, R. Xu, and J. D. Mackenzie, J. Mater. Res. 4, 911 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

A. E. Miller, K. Nassau, K. B. Lyons, and M. E. Lines, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 99, 289 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Peng, G. P. Dong, L. Wondraczek, L. L. Zhang, N. Zhang, and J. R. Qiu, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 2241 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

R. H. Bartram, M. Fockele, F. Lohse, and J.-M. Spaeth, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 1, 27 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condes. Matter

M. Fockele, F. Lohse, J. M. Spaeth, and R. H. Bartram, J. Phys. Condes. Matter 1, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Laser Phys. 21, 901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature

P. P. Power, Nature 463, 171 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

X. Guo, H. Li, L. Su, P. Yu, H. Zhao, Q. Wang, J. Liu, and J. Xu, Opt. Mater. 34, 675 (2012).

Phys. Rev. B

D. J. Durben and G. H. Wolf, Phys. Rev. B 43, 2355 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids

L. F. Mollenauer, N. Vieira, and L. Szeto, Radiat. Eff. Defects Solids 73, 13 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. K. S. P. Singh, Bismuth Oxide and Bismuth Oxide Doped Glasses For Optical and Photonic Applications (Nova, 2012).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Emission spectra of as-grown x Bi 2 O 3 - ( 100 x ) GeO 2 , ( x = 10 , 15, 20, 25) glasses. FLSP 920 (UK), 800 nm laser diode (LD), room temperature (RT), the detector is InAs, with different grating, the detect ranges are 900–1900 nm and 1200–3020 nm, respectively, emission peak at 1600 nm is the second order of pumped laser.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Raman shift of as-grown x Bi 2 O 3 - ( 100 x ) GeO 2 , ( x = 10 , 15, 20, 25) glasses at room temperature, Renishaw in Via Raman Microscope (UK), Ar gas laser, 20 mW, 514 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Emission spectra of as-grown glass x Bi 2 O 3 - ( 100 x ) GeO 2 , ( x = 10 , 15, 20, 25), Al 2 O 3 as crucibles, the insert graph is the integrate intensity of glasses as function of the concentration of Bi 2 O 3 . FLSP 920 (UK), 800 nm LD, RT, the detector is InAs., emission peak at 1600 nm is the second order of pumped laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Emission spectra of glasses annealed in air atmosphere for 10 h. FLSP 920 (UK), 800 nm LD, RT, emission peak at 1600 and 2400 nm are the second and third order of pumped laser, respectively.

Metrics