Abstract

A single-frequency (SF) fiber laser at 1200 nm was developed with a distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) configuration by splicing a 22 mm long highly holmium-doped ZBLAN (ZrF4-BaF2-LaF3-AlF3-NaF) fiber with a pair of silica fiber Bragg gratings. The linewidth was estimated to be less than 100 kHz based on the measured frequency noise. The relative intensity noise was measured to be <110dB/Hz at the relaxation oscillation peak and the polarization extinction ratio was measured to be >19dB. Our results highlight the exciting prospect that wavelength coverage of SF DBR fiber lasers can be expanded significantly by using rare-earth-doped ZBLAN fibers.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

X. Zhu, J. Zong, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Pegyhambarian, Proc. SPIE 8237, 823727 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

D. B. Calia, Y. Feng, W. Hackenberg, R. Holzlohner, L. Taylor, and S. Lewis, Telescope Instru. 139, 12 (2010).

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Opto Electron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Domenio, S. Schilt, and P. Thomann, Appl. Opt. 49, 4801 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 487 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2005

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Ronnekleiv, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. Schneider, Electron. Lett. 31, 1250 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bigot, L.

Bouwmans, G.

Bufetov, I. A.

Bulatov, L. L.

Calia, D. B.

D. B. Calia, Y. Feng, W. Hackenberg, R. Holzlohner, L. Taylor, and S. Lewis, Telescope Instru. 139, 12 (2010).

Chavez-Pirson, A.

X. Zhu, J. Zong, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Pegyhambarian, Proc. SPIE 8237, 823727 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 487 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, L. L. Bulatov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, M. A. Melkumov, E. E. Kustov, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, V. E. Khopin, M. E. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, Opt. Lett. 31, 2966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Domenio, G. D.

Dvoryn, V. V.

Feng, Y.

D. B. Calia, Y. Feng, W. Hackenberg, R. Holzlohner, L. Taylor, and S. Lewis, Telescope Instru. 139, 12 (2010).

Ferin, A. A.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gur’yanov, A. N.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Guryanov, A. N.

Hackenberg, W.

D. B. Calia, Y. Feng, W. Hackenberg, R. Holzlohner, L. Taylor, and S. Lewis, Telescope Instru. 139, 12 (2010).

Holzlohner, R.

D. B. Calia, Y. Feng, W. Hackenberg, R. Holzlohner, L. Taylor, and S. Lewis, Telescope Instru. 139, 12 (2010).

Khopin, V. E.

Kustov, E. E.

Labaar, F.

A. L. Lance, W. D. Seal, and F. Labaar, in Infrared Millimeter Waves (Academic, 1984), pp. 239–289.

Lance, A. L.

A. L. Lance, W. D. Seal, and F. Labaar, in Infrared Millimeter Waves (Academic, 1984), pp. 239–289.

Lewis, S.

D. B. Calia, Y. Feng, W. Hackenberg, R. Holzlohner, L. Taylor, and S. Lewis, Telescope Instru. 139, 12 (2010).

Mashinsky, V. M.

Melkumov, M. A.

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Norwood, R. A.

X. Zhu, J. Zong, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Pegyhambarian, Proc. SPIE 8237, 823727 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Pegyhambarian, N.

X. Zhu, J. Zong, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Pegyhambarian, Proc. SPIE 8237, 823727 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Opto Electron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popov, S. V.

Razdobreev, I.

Ronnekleiv, E.

E. Ronnekleiv, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rulkov, A. B.

Schilt, S.

Schneider, J.

J. Schneider, Electron. Lett. 31, 1250 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Seal, W. D.

A. L. Lance, W. D. Seal, and F. Labaar, in Infrared Millimeter Waves (Academic, 1984), pp. 239–289.

Shubin, A. V.

Taylor, J. R.

Taylor, L.

D. B. Calia, Y. Feng, W. Hackenberg, R. Holzlohner, L. Taylor, and S. Lewis, Telescope Instru. 139, 12 (2010).

Thomann, P.

Umnikov, A. A.

Yashkov, M. E.

Yashkov, M. V.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, J. Zong, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Pegyhambarian, Proc. SPIE 8237, 823727 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Opto Electron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zong, J.

X. Zhu, J. Zong, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Pegyhambarian, Proc. SPIE 8237, 823727 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Opto Electron.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. Opto Electron. 2010, 1 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

J. Schneider, Electron. Lett. 31, 1250 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L279 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, Laser Phys. Lett. 6, 487 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

E. Ronnekleiv, Opt. Fiber Technol. 7, 206 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

X. Zhu, J. Zong, R. A. Norwood, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Pegyhambarian, Proc. SPIE 8237, 823727 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

E. M. Dianov, V. V. Dvoryn, V. M. Mashinsky, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Gur’yanov, Quantum Electron. 35, 1083 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Telescope Instru.

D. B. Calia, Y. Feng, W. Hackenberg, R. Holzlohner, L. Taylor, and S. Lewis, Telescope Instru. 139, 12 (2010).

Other

NP Photonics, “Method of fusing splicing silica fiber with low-temperature multi-component glass fiber,” U.S. patent 6,705,771 (March 16, 2004).

A. L. Lance, W. D. Seal, and F. Labaar, in Infrared Millimeter Waves (Academic, 1984), pp. 239–289.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Absorption and emission cross-sections of Ho 3 + ions in ZBLAN glass. (Inset: energy level diagram and transitions related to the 1.2 μm emission).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Depiction of the 1200 nm single-frequency Ho 3 + -doped ZBLAN fiber laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power of the 1200 nm single-frequency DBR fiber laser as a function of the 1150 nm pump power. (Inset: a picture of the 3 mol.% Ho 3 + -doped ZBLAN fiber end face).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output spectrum of the 1200 nm SF DBR fiber laser. (Inset: Laser spectrum measured by an OSA with 0.01 nm resolution).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured RIN of the 1200 nm SF fiber laser.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured FNs of the 1200 nm (blue solid curve) and the 1060 nm (magenta dotted curve) SF fiber lasers and a pink dashed line plotted with equation FN = ( f / π ) 1 / 2 .

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