Abstract

Directionally selective nonlinear transmission behavior has been observed for simple glass-based two-layer systems in Z-scan experiments employing femtosecond pulses at a wavelength of λ=800nm. Glass sheets of 1 mm thickness with a very thin surface layer (2μm) containing spherical Ag nanoparticles have been studied. In these samples, irradiating from the substrate side causes a strong transmission decrease via self-focusing of the beam and subsequent two-photon absorption in the thin layer, whereas the reverse direction may pass the sample without loss. This anisotropic optical limiting is discussed in terms of a numerical model in the limit of thin samples with respect to the Rayleigh range of the laser beam.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Lie, F. Zhou, and Zhi-Yuan Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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M. Pelton, M. Liu, S. Park, N. F. Scherer, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, Phys. Rev. B 73, 155419 (2006).
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J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Lie, F. Zhou, and Zhi-Yuan Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263103 (2010).
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M. Pelton, M. Liu, S. Park, N. F. Scherer, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, Phys. Rev. B 73, 155419 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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R. Philip, G. R. Kumar, N. Sandhyarani, and T. Pradeep, Phys. Rev. B 62, 13160 (2000).
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M. Pelton, M. Liu, S. Park, N. F. Scherer, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, Phys. Rev. B 73, 155419 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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S. Porel, N. Venkataram, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, J. Appl Phys. 102, 033107 (2007).
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Wei, T. W.

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[CrossRef]

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C. Zheng, Y. Du, M. Feng, and H. Zhan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, F.

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Lie, F. Zhou, and Zhi-Yuan Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

L. Palfalvi and J. Hebling, Appl. Phys. B 78, 775 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Zheng, Y. Du, M. Feng, and H. Zhan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, S. Liu, Y. Lie, F. Zhou, and Zhi-Yuan Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 263103 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. W. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl Phys.

S. Porel, N. Venkataram, D. N. Rao, and T. P. Radhakrishnan, J. Appl Phys. 102, 033107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Eng.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, M. J. Soileau, and E. W. Van Stryland, Opt. Eng. 30, 1228 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

R. Philip, G. R. Kumar, N. Sandhyarani, and T. Pradeep, Phys. Rev. B 62, 13160 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Pelton, M. Liu, S. Park, N. F. Scherer, and P. Guyot-Sionnest, Phys. Rev. B 73, 155419 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Radiophys. Quantum Electron.

A. E. Kaplan, Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 12, 692 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. D

K. J. Berg, A. Berger, and H. Hofmeister, Z. Phys. D 29, 309 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (Wiley, 1987).

S. Mohan, “Third-order Optical nonlinearities of glass metal nanocomposites,” Ph.D. thesis (2011), http://digital.bibliothek.uni-halle.de .

V. M. Shalaev, Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media (Springer, 2002).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transmission spectra of the samples used in this study.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Open aperture Z -Scan curve measured in forward and backward directions.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured optical limiting behavior of pure glass (solid circles) and the NP-containing sample in forward and reverse directions of the laser beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Results of numerical calculations representing the anisotropy Δ T of transmission for different parameters. (a) Effect of (relative) Rayleigh length Z 0 / L sam . (b) Variation of Δ T with relative particle-layer thickness L Ag / L sam , calculated for different Rayleigh lengths, as specified in the figure.

Equations (1)

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f Kerr = w 2 8 · n 2 · I 0 · L ,

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