Abstract

Electromagnetic wave emission based on optical rectification at terahertz (THz) wavelengths was observed from surface-immobilized gold nanospheres (SIGNs) above a gold surface. Although the excitation wavelength is off-resonant with the localized surface plasmons, the THz emission field was observed to be approximately 4.8 times greater than that from a percolated gold thin film of 10 nm thickness. A theoretical calculation predicts that the light electric field is enhanced in the SIGN system, even at off-resonance wavelengths. The observed THz field amplitude was quadratic with the illumination light field, suggesting that the THz generation is due to a second-order nonlinear optical process.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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