Abstract

We demonstrate a scalable and reconfigurable optical directed-logic architecture consisting of a regular array of integrated optical switches based on microring resonators. The switches are controlled by electrical input logic signals through embedded p-i-n junctions. The circuit can be reconfigured to perform any combinational logic operation by thermally tuning the operation modes of the switches. Here we show experimentally a directed logic circuit based on a 2×2 array of switches. The circuit is reconfigured to perform arbitrary two-input logic functions.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Q. Xu and R. Soref, Opt. Express 19, 5244 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Hardy and J. Shamir, Opt. Express 15, 150 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. Zhang, J. Ding, Y. Tian, R. Ji, L. Yang, H. Chen, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, W. Zhu, and R. Min, Opt. Express 20, 11605(2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Q. Xu and R. Soref, in Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011), pp. 39–41.
  5. Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Chen, K. Preston, S. Manipatruni, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 17, 15248 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Q. Xu, D. Fattal, and R. G. Beausoleil, Opt. Express 16, 4309 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Hu, X. Xiao, H. Xu, X. Li, K. Xiong, Z. Li, T. Chu, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, Opt. Express 20, 15079 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Dong, S. Liao, D. Feng, H. Liang, D. Zheng, R. Shafiiha, C.-C. Kung, W. Qian, G. Li, X. Zheng, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, Opt. Express 17, 22484 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. R. Watts, W. A. Zortman, D. C. Trotter, R. W. Young, and A. L. Lentine, Opt. Express 19, 21989 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Biberman and K. Bergman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 046402 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Dong, R. Shafiiha, S. Liao, H. Liang, N. Feng, D. Feng, G. Li, X. Zheng, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, Opt. Express 18, 10941 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Qiu, J. Shu, Z. Li, X. Zhang, and Q. Xu, Opt. Express 19, 5143 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Xu and A. W. Poon, Opt. Express 16, 8649 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Q. Xu, S. Manipatruni, B. Schmidt, J. Shakya, and M. Lipson, Opt. Express 15, 430 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (5)

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Biberman and K. Bergman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 046402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, J. Ding, Y. Tian, R. Ji, L. Yang, H. Chen, P. Zhou, Y. Lu, W. Zhu, and R. Min, Opt. Express 20, 11605(2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hu, X. Xiao, H. Xu, X. Li, K. Xiong, Z. Li, T. Chu, Y. Yu, and J. Yu, Opt. Express 20, 15079 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bennett, B. R.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

A. Biberman and K. Bergman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 046402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Biberman, A.

A. Biberman and K. Bergman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 046402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chen, L.

Chu, T.

Ding, J.

Dong, P.

Fan, L.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fattal, D.

Feng, D.

Feng, N.

Feng, S.

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, J.

Hu, Y.

Ji, R.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Kung, C.-C.

Kwong, D.

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

Lentine, A. L.

Li, G.

Li, X.

Li, Z.

Liang, H.

Liao, S.

Liow, T.

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Lo, G.

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

Luo, X.

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

Manipatruni, S.

Min, R.

Niu, B.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Poon, A. W.

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Xu and A. W. Poon, Opt. Express 16, 8649 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Preston, K.

Qi, M.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qian, W.

Qiu, C.

Schmidt, B.

Shafiiha, R.

Shakya, J.

Shamir, J.

Shen, H.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shu, J.

Song, J.

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

Q. Xu and R. Soref, Opt. Express 19, 5244 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu and R. Soref, in Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011), pp. 39–41.

Soref, R. A.

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

Trotter, D. C.

Varghese, L. T.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Watts, M. R.

Weiner, A. M.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, X.

Xiong, K.

Xu, F.

Xu, H.

Xu, Q.

Xuan, Y.

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Young, R. W.

Yu, J.

Yu, M.

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.

Zheng, D.

Zheng, X.

Zhou, P.

Zhu, W.

Zortman, W. A.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. A. Soref and B. R. Bennett, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

X. Luo, J. Song, S. Feng, A. W. Poon, T. Liow, M. Yu, G. Lo, and D. Kwong, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 821(2012).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, Nature 435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (12)

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

A. Biberman and K. Bergman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 75, 046402 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

L. Fan, J. Wang, L. T. Varghese, H. Shen, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, Science 335, 447 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Q. Xu and R. Soref, in Proceedings of the 8th IEEE International Conference on Group IV Photonics (IEEE, 2011), pp. 39–41.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) SEM picture of the microring resonator after etching. The false color shows the implanted areas. (b) Device mounted on a stage and wire-bonded to a PCB board. (c) The transmission spectra of a switch in block/pass mode for light at working wavelength λL. The red dashed curve and the black solid curve are the spectra when the applied modulation signal is 0.89 and 0 V, respectively. (d) The transmission spectra of a switch in pass/block mode. (e) The transmission spectra of a switch in pass/pass mode.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Circuit diagrams of the EO logic circuits for different two-input logic functions.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Waveforms of the output optical signal from the two-input logic circuits shown in Fig. 2. The two input electrical control signals are non-return-to-zero (NRZ) 271 pseudorandom bit sequence signals at 526 MHz. They are both set to be 2Vpp between 1.2V and 0.8 V.

Metrics