Abstract

Fiber Bragg gratings (FBG) were written through the polymer jacket of low-loss single mode As2S3 chalcogenide fibers by using femtosecond laser pulses at 800 nm and a phase-mask. Peak reflectivity in excess of 99% was obtained at 3440 nm after 5 min of exposure. The resulting FBG maintained a peak reflectivity of 90% after 64 min of thermal annealing at 100 °C. This demonstration paves the way to the development of all-fiber mid-infrared laser sources.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, S. Gagnon, and R. Vallée, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 832 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

C. Florea, J. S. Sanghera, B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 31, 942 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Snopatin, V. Shiryaev, V. Plotnichenko, E. Dianov, and M. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

C. Florea, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 30, 1603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, Laser Chem. 2008, 416251 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, and C. W. Smelser, Electron. Lett. 43, 442 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, and R. B. Walker, Proc. SPIE 6796, 67961K (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, D. Faucher, R. Vallée, A. Saliminia, G. Androz, Y. Sheng, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 32, 454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1996

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, Electron. Lett. 32, 1611 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I.

C. Florea, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 30, 1603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, I. D.

C. Florea, J. S. Sanghera, B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 31, 942 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Androz, G.

Anzueto-Sánchez, G.

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asatryan, K.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, Electron. Lett. 32, 1611 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bashkansky, M.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bernier, M.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, S. Gagnon, and R. Vallée, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 832 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Bernier, D. Faucher, R. Vallée, A. Saliminia, G. Androz, Y. Sheng, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 32, 454 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Brilland, L.

Chin, S. L.

Churbanov, M.

G. Snopatin, V. Shiryaev, V. Plotnichenko, E. Dianov, and M. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E.

G. Snopatin, V. Shiryaev, V. Plotnichenko, E. Dianov, and M. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ding, H.

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, Laser Chem. 2008, 416251 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

El-Amraoui, M.

Fatome, J.

Faucher, D.

Florea, C.

C. Florea, J. S. Sanghera, B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 31, 942 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Florea, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 30, 1603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Florea, C. M.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, C.

Gadret, G.

Gagnon, S.

Galstian, T.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gnusin, P. I.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grobnic, D.

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, Laser Chem. 2008, 416251 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, and R. B. Walker, Proc. SPIE 6796, 67961K (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, and C. W. Smelser, Electron. Lett. 43, 442 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jules, J. C.

Kaino, T.

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, Electron. Lett. 32, 1611 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

Lu, P.

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, Laser Chem. 2008, 416251 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Medvedkov, O. I.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

Mihailov, S. J.

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, Laser Chem. 2008, 416251 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, and R. B. Walker, Proc. SPIE 6796, 67961K (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, and C. W. Smelser, Electron. Lett. 43, 442 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, V. Q.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ohara, T.

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, Electron. Lett. 32, 1611 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V.

G. Snopatin, V. Shiryaev, V. Plotnichenko, E. Dianov, and M. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Polacchini, C. F.

Pureza, P.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Renversez, G.

Saliminia, A.

Sanghera, J.

C. Florea, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 30, 1603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sanghera, J. S.

C. Florea, J. S. Sanghera, B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 31, 942 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, B.

C. Florea, J. S. Sanghera, B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 31, 942 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Y.

Shiryaev, V.

G. Snopatin, V. Shiryaev, V. Plotnichenko, E. Dianov, and M. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Skripatchev, I.

Smektala, F.

Smelser, C. W.

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, Laser Chem. 2008, 416251 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, and R. B. Walker, Proc. SPIE 6796, 67961K (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, and C. W. Smelser, Electron. Lett. 43, 442 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Snopatin, G.

G. Snopatin, V. Shiryaev, V. Plotnichenko, E. Dianov, and M. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Szpulak, M.

Troles, J.

Vallee, R.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Vallée, R.

Vasil’ev, S. A.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Walker, R. B.

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, Laser Chem. 2008, 416251 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, and R. B. Walker, Proc. SPIE 6796, 67961K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yokohama, I.

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, Electron. Lett. 32, 1611 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. D. Jackson and G. Anzueto-Sánchez, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 221106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

M. Asobe, T. Ohara, I. Yokohama, and T. Kaino, Electron. Lett. 32, 1611 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, and C. W. Smelser, Electron. Lett. 43, 442 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Mater.

G. Snopatin, V. Shiryaev, V. Plotnichenko, E. Dianov, and M. Churbanov, Inorg. Mater. 45, 1439 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

J. S. Sanghera, C. M. Florea, L. B. Shaw, P. Pureza, V. Q. Nguyen, M. Bashkansky, Z. Dutton, and I. D. Aggarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 462 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Laser Chem.

S. J. Mihailov, D. Grobnic, C. W. Smelser, P. Lu, R. B. Walker, and H. Ding, Laser Chem. 2008, 416251 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

C. Florea, J. Sanghera, and I. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 30, 1603 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Florea, J. S. Sanghera, B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, Opt. Mater. 31, 942 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. Express

Proc. SPIE

D. Grobnic, S. J. Mihailov, C. W. Smelser, and R. B. Walker, Proc. SPIE 6796, 67961K (2007).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

M. Bernier, K. Asatryan, R. Vallee, T. Galstian, S. A. Vasil’ev, O. I. Medvedkov, V. G. Plotnichenko, P. I. Gnusin, and E. M. Dianov, Quantum Electron. 41, 465 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Microscope images of the single-mode As 2 S 3 fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured optical attenuation spectrum of the single-mode As 2 S 3 fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra of a FBG written for 300 s in As 2 S 3 fiber, after inscription (red) and after thermal annealing at 100 °C during 64 min (blue).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temporal evolution of both the “ac” (blue) and “dc” (red) refractive index changes during the annealing process at 100 °C.

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