Abstract

A colorless all-optical scheme performing the subtraction and addition of phases between phase-shift keying (PSK) signals exploiting cascaded sum and difference frequency generation in a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide is introduced and experimentally demonstrated. The subtraction of phases of two 40Gb/s differential quadrature PSK signals has been experimentally tested and performances have been analyzed in terms of bit error rate measurements.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. J. Winzer, G. Raybon, H. Song, A. Adamiecki, S. Corteselli, A. H. Gnauck, D. A. Fishman, C. R. Doerr, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, T. J. Xia, G. Wellbrock, W. Lee, B. Basch, T. Kawanishi, K. Higuma, and Y. Painchaud, J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 3388 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Wang and J. Sun, Electron. Lett. 46, 288 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Wang, S. Nuccio, J. Yang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, and A. Willner, Opt. Lett. 37, 1139 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

2012 (2)

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, J. Yang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, and A. Willner, Opt. Lett. 37, 1139 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

Adamiecki, A.

Asobe, M.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Basch, B.

Bogoni, A.

Buhl, L. L.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Clausen, A.

Corteselli, S.

Doerr, C. R.

Fejer, M. M.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fishman, D. A.

Galili, M.

Gnauck, A. H.

Han, L.

L. Han, H. Hu, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and H. Zhang, in 21st Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2008), pp. 135.

Hatta, T.

Higuma, K.

Hu, H.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Hüttl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, Opt. Express 18, 9961 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Han, H. Hu, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and H. Zhang, in 21st Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2008), pp. 135.

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

Huang, D.

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huettl, B.

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

Hüttl, B.

Ishida, K.

Jeppesen, P.

Kawanishi, T.

Kitayama, K.

Kong, D.

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

Li, Y.

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ludwig, R.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Hüttl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Han, H. Hu, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and H. Zhang, in 21st Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2008), pp. 135.

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

Magari, K.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maruta, A.

Mishina, K.

Mitani, S.

Mulvad, H.

Nishida, Y.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nissanka, S.

Nouroozi, R.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Hüttl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

Nuccio, S.

Oxenløwe, L.

Painchaud, Y.

Palushani, E.

Raybon, G.

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Hüttl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

Schubert, C.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Hüttl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Han, H. Hu, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and H. Zhang, in 21st Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2008), pp. 135.

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

Shimizu, K.

Sohler, W.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Hüttl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

Song, H.

Suche, H.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Hüttl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, J. Lightwave Technol. 29, 1092 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

Sun, J.

J. Wang and J. Sun, Electron. Lett. 46, 288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tadanaga, O.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Umeki, T.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, S. Nuccio, J. Yang, X. Wu, A. Bogoni, and A. Willner, Opt. Lett. 37, 1139 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang and J. Sun, Electron. Lett. 46, 288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wellbrock, G.

Willner, A.

Winzer, P. J.

Wu, J.

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

Xia, T. J.

Yanagawa, T.

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

Zhang, H.

L. Han, H. Hu, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and H. Zhang, in 21st Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2008), pp. 135.

Zhang, J.

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. Wang and J. Sun, Electron. Lett. 46, 288 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Wang, J. Sun, X. Zhang, D. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45, 195 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Kong, Y. Li, H. Wang, X. Zhang, J. Zhang, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 988 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Umeki, M. Asobe, Y. Nishida, O. Tadanaga, K. Magari, T. Yanagawa, and H. Suzuki, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 15 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

H. Hu, H. Suche, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, R. Nouroozi, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, in 2009 Conference on Optical Fiber Communication (IEEE, 2009), OThS6.

L. Han, H. Hu, R. Ludwig, C. Schubert, and H. Zhang, in 21st Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (IEEE, 2008), pp. 135.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Working principle for the phase subtraction and addition in the case of QPSK signals.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectrum at the PPLN output.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Photo-detected sequences at the I2 and Q2 DQPSK demodulator outputs when plugging at its input S1, S2, and the system output, respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) BER measurements and eye diagrams at BER=109 for the (b) and (c) input signal S1 and (d) and (e) output signal at the DQPSK demodulator outputs I2 and Q2.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Received power to obtain BER=109 vs λ1.

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