Abstract

Phosphor-in-glass (PiG) typed robust color converters were fabricated using Pb-free silicate glasses for high-power white LED applications. SiO2B2O3RO(R=Ba,Zn) glass powder showed good sintering behavior and high visible transparency under the sintering condition of 750 °C for 30 min without noticeable interaction with phosphors. By simply changing the thickness of the PiG plate or mixing ratio of glass to Y3Al5O12:Ce3+ phosphor, CIE chromaticity coordinates of the LED can be easily controlled. Enhanced thermal quenching property of PiG compared to phosphor with conventional silicone resin suggests its prominent feasibility for high-power/high-brightness white LEDs.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. N. Narendran and Y. Gu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 167 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, Opt. Mater. 33, 688 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Blasse and B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials (Springer, 1994).
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2011 (1)

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, Opt. Mater. 33, 688 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

T. Nakanishi and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1171 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. C. Allen and A. J. Steckl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 143309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 1387 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (4)

Y. Chen, B. Liu, C. Shi, G. Ren, and G. Zimmerer, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 537, 31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).

N. Narendran and Y. Gu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

N. Narendran, Y. Gu, J. P. Freyssinier, H. Yu, and L. Deng, J. Cryst. Growth 268, 449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

S. Bhushan and M. V. Chukichev. J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 7, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

G. A. Luoma and R. D. Rowland, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 32, 5777 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Allen, S. C.

S. C. Allen and A. J. Steckl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 143309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bansal, N. P.

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic Press, 1986).

Bhushan, S.

S. Bhushan and M. V. Chukichev. J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 7, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Blasse, G.

G. Blasse and B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials (Springer, 1994).

Chang, M.-H.

M.-H. Chang, D. Das, P. V. Varde, and M. Pecht, Mircoelectron. Reliab.52, 762 (2012).

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, B. Liu, C. Shi, G. Ren, and G. Zimmerer, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 537, 31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chukichev, M. V.

S. Bhushan and M. V. Chukichev. J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 7, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Das, D.

M.-H. Chang, D. Das, P. V. Varde, and M. Pecht, Mircoelectron. Reliab.52, 762 (2012).

Deng, L.

N. Narendran, Y. Gu, J. P. Freyssinier, H. Yu, and L. Deng, J. Cryst. Growth 268, 449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Doremus, R. H.

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic Press, 1986).

Freyssinier, J. P.

N. Narendran, Y. Gu, J. P. Freyssinier, H. Yu, and L. Deng, J. Cryst. Growth 268, 449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, Y.

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, Opt. Mater. 33, 688 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fujioka, K.

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, Opt. Mater. 33, 688 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, S.

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 1387 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).

Grabmaier, B. C.

G. Blasse and B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials (Springer, 1994).

Gu, Y.

N. Narendran and Y. Gu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Narendran, Y. Gu, J. P. Freyssinier, H. Yu, and L. Deng, J. Cryst. Growth 268, 449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hoppe, B.

P. Nass, B. Hoppe, M. Letz, R. Liebald, Y. Menke, E. Pawlowski, and M. Rindt, Glass and ceramic based inorganic conversion elements for LED applications,” presented at Phosphor Global Summit, San Diego, Calif. (March22–24, 2011).

Letz, M.

P. Nass, B. Hoppe, M. Letz, R. Liebald, Y. Menke, E. Pawlowski, and M. Rindt, Glass and ceramic based inorganic conversion elements for LED applications,” presented at Phosphor Global Summit, San Diego, Calif. (March22–24, 2011).

Liebald, R.

P. Nass, B. Hoppe, M. Letz, R. Liebald, Y. Menke, E. Pawlowski, and M. Rindt, Glass and ceramic based inorganic conversion elements for LED applications,” presented at Phosphor Global Summit, San Diego, Calif. (March22–24, 2011).

Liu, B.

Y. Chen, B. Liu, C. Shi, G. Ren, and G. Zimmerer, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 537, 31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luoma, G. A.

G. A. Luoma and R. D. Rowland, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 32, 5777 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Menke, Y.

P. Nass, B. Hoppe, M. Letz, R. Liebald, Y. Menke, E. Pawlowski, and M. Rindt, Glass and ceramic based inorganic conversion elements for LED applications,” presented at Phosphor Global Summit, San Diego, Calif. (March22–24, 2011).

Nakanishi, T.

T. Nakanishi and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1171 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Narendran, N.

N. Narendran and Y. Gu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Narendran, Y. Gu, J. P. Freyssinier, H. Yu, and L. Deng, J. Cryst. Growth 268, 449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nass, P.

P. Nass, B. Hoppe, M. Letz, R. Liebald, Y. Menke, E. Pawlowski, and M. Rindt, Glass and ceramic based inorganic conversion elements for LED applications,” presented at Phosphor Global Summit, San Diego, Calif. (March22–24, 2011).

Nishiura, S.

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, Opt. Mater. 33, 688 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pawlowski, E.

P. Nass, B. Hoppe, M. Letz, R. Liebald, Y. Menke, E. Pawlowski, and M. Rindt, Glass and ceramic based inorganic conversion elements for LED applications,” presented at Phosphor Global Summit, San Diego, Calif. (March22–24, 2011).

Pecht, M.

M.-H. Chang, D. Das, P. V. Varde, and M. Pecht, Mircoelectron. Reliab.52, 762 (2012).

Ren, G.

Y. Chen, B. Liu, C. Shi, G. Ren, and G. Zimmerer, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 537, 31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rindt, M.

P. Nass, B. Hoppe, M. Letz, R. Liebald, Y. Menke, E. Pawlowski, and M. Rindt, Glass and ceramic based inorganic conversion elements for LED applications,” presented at Phosphor Global Summit, San Diego, Calif. (March22–24, 2011).

Rowland, R. D.

G. A. Luoma and R. D. Rowland, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 32, 5777 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, A.

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 1387 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).

Shi, C.

Y. Chen, B. Liu, C. Shi, G. Ren, and G. Zimmerer, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 537, 31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steckl, A. J.

S. C. Allen and A. J. Steckl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 143309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, Opt. Mater. 33, 688 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakanishi and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1171 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 1387 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).

Varde, P. V.

M.-H. Chang, D. Das, P. V. Varde, and M. Pecht, Mircoelectron. Reliab.52, 762 (2012).

Yamamoto, S.

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).

Yoshihara, S.

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).

Yu, H.

N. Narendran, Y. Gu, J. P. Freyssinier, H. Yu, and L. Deng, J. Cryst. Growth 268, 449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zimmerer, G.

Y. Chen, B. Liu, C. Shi, G. Ren, and G. Zimmerer, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 537, 31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. C. Allen and A. J. Steckl, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 143309 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Fujita, A. Sakamoto, and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 14, 1387 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakanishi and S. Tanabe, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 15, 1171 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

G. A. Luoma and R. D. Rowland, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 32, 5777 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

N. Narendran, Y. Gu, J. P. Freyssinier, H. Yu, and L. Deng, J. Cryst. Growth 268, 449 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

N. Narendran and Y. Gu, J. Disp. Technol. 1, 167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. Lett. (1)

S. Bhushan and M. V. Chukichev. J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 7, 319 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A (1)

Y. Chen, B. Liu, C. Shi, G. Ren, and G. Zimmerer, Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. A 537, 31 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Nishiura, S. Tanabe, K. Fujioka, and Y. Fujimoto, Opt. Mater. 33, 688 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (2)

S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, S. Yamamoto, and S. Tanabe, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594111 (2005).

S. Tanabe, S. Fujita, S. Yoshihara, A. Sakamoto, and S. Yamamoto, Proc. SPIE 5941, 594112 (2005).

Other (4)

M.-H. Chang, D. Das, P. V. Varde, and M. Pecht, Mircoelectron. Reliab.52, 762 (2012).

G. Blasse and B. C. Grabmaier, Luminescent Materials (Springer, 1994).

N. P. Bansal and R. H. Doremus, Handbook of Glass Properties (Academic Press, 1986).

P. Nass, B. Hoppe, M. Letz, R. Liebald, Y. Menke, E. Pawlowski, and M. Rindt, Glass and ceramic based inorganic conversion elements for LED applications,” presented at Phosphor Global Summit, San Diego, Calif. (March22–24, 2011).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

UV/VIS transmission spectrum of a silicate glass plate without phosphor, sintered at 750 °C for 30 min, and of 250 μm thickness after polishing.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Sintered PiG plates with GTP ratio as 91, and (b) FE-SEM image of the plate along with the EDAX results for each phase.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) PL spectra of PiG plates with varying GTP ratio and (b) CIE color coordination of PiG plates with varying GTP ratio and thickness. Photos from PiG mounted LEDs are also displayed on the right side.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Temperature-dependent emission intensities and (b) activation plots for thermal quenching of phosphor with conventional silicon resin and PiG phosphor plate using the Arrhenius equation.

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