Abstract

We show, by using numerical simulations, that self-similar pulses with a duration on the order of few nanoseconds and an energy on the order of 10 μJ can be obtained at the output of a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) written in a fiber amplifier. The evolution of the amplified pulses is determined by the combined effect of Kerr nonlinearity, normal-dispersion, gain, and gain saturation, which limit the pulse energy. The output pulse mainly depends on the initial pulse energy rather than on the initial pulse profile. The reduced group velocity in FBGs can significantly increase the total gain for a given amplifier length. Hence we find that the proposed amplification scheme can be highly advantageous for amplification of nanosecond-scale pulses in fiber amplifiers.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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