Abstract

A tunable multichannel nonreciprocal perfect absorber with the asymmetric metal-photonic crystal hetero-structure is theoretically proposed. By using the transfer matrix method, the linear and nonlinear properties of the absorber are investigated. An ultra-narrow perfect absorption channel is realized in the linear case due to the impedance matching, and the channel number can be adjusted by changing the period of the photonic crystal. Bistable absorption and reflection are achieved in the nonlinear case due to the positive feedback between the metal nonlinear permittivity and the inner electric field, while the bistable thresholds can be altered by varying the incident light wavelength. Moreover, the absorber exhibits the intrinsic nonreciprocity in both absorption and reflection, and shows the polarization-independent directional characteristics when the incident angle is less than 40°.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2011 (6)

2010 (4)

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Xue, H. Jiang, and H. Chen, Opt. Express 18, 7479 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Zhang and S. F. Yu, Opt. Commun. 283, 2622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, C. Huang, and T. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (4)

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 241111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, Nat. Photon. 3, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Khanikaev, A. V. Baryshev, M. Inoue, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G.-Q. Du, H.-T. Jiang, Z.-S. Wang, and H. Chen, Opt. Lett. 34, 578 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

G. Yang, D. Guan, W. Wang, W. Wu, and Z. Chen, Opt. Mater. 25, 439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ayache, M.

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Baryshev, A. V.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. V. Baryshev, M. Inoue, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brasselet, E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

Chen, S.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Y.-F.

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

G. Yang, D. Guan, W. Wang, W. Wu, and Z. Chen, Opt. Mater. 25, 439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

Du, G.-Q.

Fainman, Y.

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Feng, L.

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Q.

Feng, Y.

B. Zhu, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, C. Huang, and T. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J.

Fu, L.

L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Giessen, H.

L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y.

Guan, D.

G. Yang, D. Guan, W. Wang, W. Wu, and Z. Chen, Opt. Mater. 25, 439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hao, Q.

Hu, C.

Huang, C.

M. Pu, C. Hu, M. Wang, C. Huang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, Q. Feng, and X. Luo, Opt. Express 19, 17413 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, C. Huang, and T. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J.

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. J.

Inoue, M.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. V. Baryshev, M. Inoue, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

Jiang, H.-T.

Jiang, T.

B. Zhu, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, C. Huang, and T. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, W. X.

Khanikaev, A. B.

A. B. Khanikaev, A. V. Baryshev, M. Inoue, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, I.-C.

Kiraly, B.

Kivshar, Y. S.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Khanikaev, A. V. Baryshev, M. Inoue, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Landy, N. I.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, Z.

Liu, N.

L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.-L.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 241111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H.

Lu, M.-H.

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

Ma, H. F.

MacDonald, K. F.

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, Nat. Photon. 3, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miroshnichenko, A. E.

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sámson, Z. L.

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, Nat. Photon. 3, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, H.

L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shen, X.

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stockman, M. I.

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, Nat. Photon. 3, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Wang, G.

Wang, L.

Wang, M.

Wang, W.

G. Yang, D. Guan, W. Wang, W. Wu, and Z. Chen, Opt. Mater. 25, 439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.-S.

Wen, Q.-Y.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 241111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, W.

G. Yang, D. Guan, W. Wang, W. Wu, and Z. Chen, Opt. Mater. 25, 439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.-S.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 241111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.-L.

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xue, C.

Yang, G.

G. Yang, D. Guan, W. Wang, W. Wu, and Z. Chen, Opt. Mater. 25, 439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.-H.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 241111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 1988).

Yu, S. F.

W. L. Zhang and S. F. Yu, Opt. Commun. 283, 2622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.-W.

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 241111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. L.

W. L. Zhang and S. F. Yu, Opt. Commun. 283, 2622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, Opt. Express 19, 9401 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, C. Huang, and T. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Zhao, Z.

Zheludev, N. I.

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, Nat. Photon. 3, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, B.

B. Zhu, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, C. Huang, and T. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Q.-Y. Wen, H.-W. Zhang, Y.-S. Xie, Q.-H. Yang, and Y.-L. Liu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 241111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Zhu, Y. Feng, J. Zhao, C. Huang, and T. Jiang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 051906 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Miroshnichenko, E. Brasselet, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 063302 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Khanikaev, A. V. Baryshev, M. Inoue, and Y. S. Kivshar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 011101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

K. F. MacDonald, Z. L. Sámson, M. I. Stockman, and N. I. Zheludev, Nat. Photon. 3, 55 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. L. Zhang and S. F. Yu, Opt. Commun. 283, 2622 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

G. Yang, D. Guan, W. Wang, W. Wu, and Z. Chen, Opt. Mater. 25, 439 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen, Phys. Rev. B 78, 115110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 207402 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

L. Feng, M. Ayache, J. Huang, Y.-L. Xu, M.-H. Lu, Y.-F. Chen, Y. Fainman, and A. Scherer, Science 333, 729 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

P. Yeh, Optical Waves in Layered Media (Wiley, 1988).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the absorber with the structure MC(BA)n(AB)nCN. The thicknesses of the metal layers M, N and the dielectric layers A, B, C are dm, dn, da, db, and dc, respectively.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Linear absorption (A), reflection (R), and transmission (T) spectra of the absorber and the corresponding impedances versus wavelength. The impedance of metal layer M is Zm=Rm+iXm, where Rm and Xm are resistance and reactance. The spectra extend from 600 to 1200 nm; only the region around peak is shown here for clarity. (b) Electric (E) and magnetic (H) field distributions (EH and 90° phase shift exists between E and H) in the absorber at λ=902.5nm and the equivalent RLC circuit of the absorber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Effect of n to the channel number of the absorber; (b) a 12-channel near-perfect absorber with structure MC(BA)12(AB)12CN.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Nonlinear absorption (A), reflection (R), and transmission (T) spectra of the absorber with structure MCBAABCN at λ=925nm, and (b) influence of the input wavelength to the nonlinear absorption of the absorber.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Linear and (b) nonlinear absorption of the absorber with structure MC(BA)2(AB)2CN for the left (L) and right (R) incidence, respectively.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Absorption map of the absorber with structure MCBAABCN. (a) A(λ,dm) and (b) A(λ,dn).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The influence of the incident angle on the absorption of the absorber with structure MCBAABCN under (a) TE polarization and (b) TM polarization.

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