Abstract

Wide-bandwidth phase lock between the tooth of a frequency comb and a CW extended-cavity diode laser at 1.55 μm is achieved by the use of an acousto-optical frequency shifter in a feed-forward configuration. The coherence properties of the comb are efficiently transferred to the CW laser, whose linewidth is narrowed down to the 10KHz comb level. A maximum control bandwidth of 0.6MHz has been experimentally achieved, limited by the transit time of the acoustic wave inside the frequency shifter.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (3)

C. P. McRaven, M. J. Cich, G. V. Lopez, T. J. Sears, D. Hurtmans, and A. W. Mantz, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 266, 43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 104, 799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

2002 (2)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Jost, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, Opt. Express 10, 515 (2002).

1984 (1)

1980 (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ahtee, V.

Anderson, A.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 104, 799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 104, 799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Balling, P.

Castrillo, A.

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Cich, M. J.

C. P. McRaven, M. J. Cich, G. V. Lopez, T. J. Sears, D. Hurtmans, and A. W. Mantz, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 266, 43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Donley, E. A.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fasci, E.

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, M.

Frei, H.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 104, 799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Galzerano, G.

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gambetta, A.

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gianfrani, L.

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Grebing, C.

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Hall and T. W. Hänsch, Opt. Lett. 9, 502 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Heavner, T. P.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

Hong, F.-L.

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, Opt. Express 13, 1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hurtmans, D.

C. P. McRaven, M. J. Cich, G. V. Lopez, T. J. Sears, D. Hurtmans, and A. W. Mantz, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 266, 43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ito, F.

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jefferts, S. R.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

Jost, J. D.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kikuchi, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Koke, S.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 104, 799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kubina, P.

Laporta, P.

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Levi, F.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lopez, G. V.

C. P. McRaven, M. J. Cich, G. V. Lopez, T. J. Sears, D. Hurtmans, and A. W. Mantz, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 266, 43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mantz, A. W.

C. P. McRaven, M. J. Cich, G. V. Lopez, T. J. Sears, D. Hurtmans, and A. W. Mantz, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 266, 43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marangoni, M.

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Matos, L.

Matsumoto, H.

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, Opt. Express 13, 1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McRaven, C. P.

C. P. McRaven, M. J. Cich, G. V. Lopez, T. J. Sears, D. Hurtmans, and A. W. Mantz, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 266, 43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Merimaa, M.

Mücke, O. D.

Nakajima, Y.

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, A.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nyholm, K.

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, Opt. Express 13, 1958 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sears, T. J.

C. P. McRaven, M. J. Cich, G. V. Lopez, T. J. Sears, D. Hurtmans, and A. W. Mantz, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 266, 43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, T.

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 104, 799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tataw, M. O.

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, K. M. T.

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. Galzerano, A. Gambetta, E. Fasci, A. Castrillo, M. Marangoni, P. Laporta, and L. Gianfrani, Appl. Phys. B 102, 725 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Koke, A. Anderson, H. Frei, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Appl. Phys. B 104, 799 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Okoshi, K. Kikuchi, and A. Nakayama, Electron. Lett. 16, 630 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Spectrosc. (2)

C. P. McRaven, M. J. Cich, G. V. Lopez, T. J. Sears, D. Hurtmans, and A. W. Mantz, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 266, 43 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. M. T. Yamada, A. Onae, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, H. Matsumoto, Y. Nakajima, F. Ito, and T. Shimizu, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 249, 95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

S. Koke, C. Grebing, H. Frei, A. Anderson, A. Assion, and G. Steinmeyer, Nat. Photon. 4, 462 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

T. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, Nature 416, 233 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. A. Donley, T. P. Heavner, F. Levi, M. O. Tataw, and S. R. Jefferts, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 063112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Spectral layout of the frequencies involved in the feed-forward configuration.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. AOFS, acousto-optical frequency shifter; AOM, acousto-optical modulator; BS, beam splitter; FM, flip mirror; DM, dichroic mirror; G, grating; PD, photodetector; FC, fiber coupler; HVA, RF power amplifier; ESA, electrical spectrum analyzer; ISO, optical isolator.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Self-heterodyne beat notes of the tunable laser in three regimes: free running (green line), phase locking with slow servo loop (red line), wide-bandwidth phase locking with feed forward (blue line), as measured with an electrical spectrum analyzer [resolution bandwidth (RBW) 50 kHz]; (b) comparison between self-heterodyne beat notes of the comb and of the tunable laser in the feed-forward regime (RBW 1 kHz).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectrum of the beat note between comb and ECDL in the feed-forward regime (RBW 100 Hz).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Time response of the AOFS obtained modulating the diffraction efficiency with a square-wave signal. Blue line, AOFS driving signal; green line, first diffracted order signal.

Equations (2)

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ν1st=νcw+fAOFS(t)=νcwfbeat(t)+fLO=νn+fLO.
Δf0=fLOf¯AOFS,

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