Abstract

The effect of the infiltration pressure on the birefringent properties of a side-hole fiber filled with indium was investigated by the fiber-optic Sagnac loop interferometry. The fiber was made at the various gas pressures during the metal infiltration process. It was found that the birefringence of the fiber strongly decreased from 5.55×104 to 1.68×104 with the increase of the pressure from 15 to 45 bars, due to the compensation effect of the pressure applied during the infiltration. The temperature dependence of the birefringence, dBm/dT, was found to be constant of 3.06×106/K regardless of the magnitude of the pressure.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

N. Myrén and W. Margulis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2047 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

1995 (2)

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

X. Fang and R. O. Claus, Opt. Lett. 20, 2146 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1959 (1)

O. K. Botvinkin and N. I. Ananich, Glass Ceram. 16, 473 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

A. C. Moore and D. Tabor, Br. J. Appl. Phys. 3, 299 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Ananich, N. I.

O. K. Botvinkin and N. I. Ananich, Glass Ceram. 16, 473 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Badding, J. V.

Berlemont, D.

Botvinkin, O. K.

O. K. Botvinkin and N. I. Ananich, Glass Ceram. 16, 473 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Brid, D.

Claesson, A.

Claus, R. O.

Dabkiewicz, Ph.

Egglerton, B. J.

Fang, X.

Fleming, S.

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[CrossRef]

Fokine, M.

Fujiwara, T.

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[CrossRef]

George, A.

Granzow, N.

Hale, A.

Han, W.-T.

Healy, N.

Hou, J.

Karbage, C.

Kim, B. H.

Kjellberg, L.

Knight, J. C.

Krummenacher, L.

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Lee, C.-L.

Lee, H. W.

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St. J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

Lee, S. H.

Lin, A.

Maier, S.

Margulis, W.

Moon, S.

Moore, A. C.

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[CrossRef]

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N. Myrén and W. Margulis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2047 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, L. E.

Okamoto, K.

Paek, U. C.

Peacock, A. C.

Reyes, P.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sazio, P. J. A.

Schmidt, M. A.

Sempere, L. P.

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[CrossRef]

H. K. Tyagi, M. A. Schmidt, L. P. Sempere, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 16, 17227 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sparks, J. R.

Steinvurzel, P.

Tabor, D.

A. C. Moore and D. Tabor, Br. J. Appl. Phys. 3, 299 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Tverjanovich, A. S.

Tyagi, H. K.

H. K. Tyagi, M. A. Schmidt, L. P. Sempere, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 16, 17227 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St. J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Uebel, P.

Ulrich, R.

Westbrook, P. S.

Windeler, R. S.

Wondraczek, L.

Wong, D.

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xie, H. M.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. W. Lee, M. A. Schmidt, H. K. Tyagi, L. P. Sempere, and P. St. J. Russell, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 111102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Br. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. C. Moore and D. Tabor, Br. J. Appl. Phys. 3, 299 (1952).
[CrossRef]

Glass Ceram. (1)

O. K. Botvinkin and N. I. Ananich, Glass Ceram. 16, 473 (1959).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

T. Fujiwara, D. Wong, and S. Fleming, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1177 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Myrén and W. Margulis, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2047 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Other (1)

D. R. Lide, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (CRC, 2000), Sec. 8.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

SEM images of the end face of the side-hole fiber filled (a) with and (b) without indium. (c) Fiber-optic SLI setup to measure the birefringence of the fiber. OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; PC, polarization controller; SLI, Sagnac loop interferometer; SMF, single-mode fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical transmission spectra of the SLIs made by the side-hole fibers with and without indium at different infiltration pressures.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Fringe spacing of the SLI at 18.5 °C made by the side-hole fibers filled with indium at the different pressures, 15–45 bars, birefringence of the fibers obtained from the fringe spacing, and birefringence of the fiber solely induced by indium.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature dependence of the birefringence of the fiber with the different infiltration pressures. (The solid curves represent the linear fittings in the low temperature ranges.) Inset: Transmission spectra of the SLIs at the different temperatures made by the side-hole fiber filled with indium at 15 and 35 bars.

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