Abstract

We report on high-power fiber lasers based on index-guiding, all-solid neodymium-doped (Nd-doped) phosphate photonic crystal fiber (PCF) with a hexagonal-shaped inner cladding. The optimum fiber laser with a 36 cm length active fiber, generated up to 7.92 W output power at 1053 nm, which benefited from a high absorption coefficient for pump power due to its noncircular inner cladding. The guiding properties of the all-solid PCF were also investigated. A stable mode with a donut-shaped profile and a power-dependent laser beam quality have been observed experimentally and analyzed.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011 (2)

2010 (2)

F. Jansen, F. Stutzki, H. Otto, M. Baumgartl, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 18, 26834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Z. G. Lian, Q. Q. Li, D. Furniss, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

M. Chen, Opt. Commun. 266, 151 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2003 (2)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Argyros, A.

Baumgartl, M.

Benson, T. M.

Z. G. Lian, Q. Q. Li, D. Furniss, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

A. Argyros, T. A. Birks, S. G. Leon-Saval, C. M. B. Cordeiro, F. Luan, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 13, 309 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 25, 1325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Carstens, H.

Chen, D.

G. Zhang, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D. P.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, M.

M. Chen, Opt. Commun. 266, 151 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cregan, R. F.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G. P.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

Feng, X.

Finazzi, V.

Furniss, D.

Z. G. Lian, Q. Q. Li, D. Furniss, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hädrich, S.

Hewak, D.

Hu, L.

G. Zhang, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L. L.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Knight, J. C.

J. M. Stone and J. C. Knight, Opt. Express 16, 2670 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 25, 1325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, Q. Q.

Z. G. Lian, Q. Q. Li, D. Furniss, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lian, Z. G.

Z. G. Lian, Q. Q. Li, D. Furniss, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lin, G.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. F.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luan, F.

Luo, F. F.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B. J.

Mogilevtsev, D.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Nolte, S.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Otto, H.

Petropoulos, P.

Qiu, J.

G. Zhang, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, J.

Russell, P. S. J.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, Opt. Lett. 25, 1325 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Sandro, J. P.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Seddon, A. B.

Z. G. Lian, Q. Q. Li, D. Furniss, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J. M.

Stutzki, F.

Tünnerman, A.

Tünnermann, A.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, M.

G. Zhang, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

G. Zhang, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zellmer, H.

Zhang, G.

G. Zhang, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q.

G. Zhang, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q. L.

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. Sandro, Electron. Lett. 34, 1347 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Zhang, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 350 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. G. Lian, Q. Q. Li, D. Furniss, T. M. Benson, and A. B. Seddon, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1804 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

G. Zhang, F. F. Luo, X. F. Liu, G. P. Dong, Q. Zhang, G. Lin, Q. L. Zhou, J. R. Qiu, L. L. Hu, and D. P. Chen, Laser Phys. 20, 1425 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Chen, Opt. Commun. 266, 151 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Microscopic images of (a) ASPCF (b) close up of core region.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured output power as a function of the absorbed pumping power (left); Measured spectrum of the fiber laser at an output power of 2.6 W (right).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Near field intensity pattern of (a) the ASPCF laser at the threshold; (b) fivetimes threshold; and (c) 10 times threshold pumping power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Stimulated hexagonal structure with a depressed active region, and the calculated mode intensity profiles of the ASPCF fiber for a perfect index matching core or gradually increased index depression core.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured beam quality of the fiber laser depending on output power.

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