Abstract

We present pulsed laser operation in a Nd-doped, Y3Al5O12-based silica fiber. The fiber was fabricated using the rod-in-tube technique with a Nd:YAG crystal rod as the core material and a silica tube for the cladding material. A spectroscopy study revealed that the core region had become amorphous in the process of fiber drawing. Q-switched pulsed laser operation was realized at a wavelength of 1058 nm when the fiber was cladding pumped at a wavelength of 808 nm. The laser delivered 38 μJ of energy in 65 ns pulses. The extracted energy was limited due to the multimodal operation of the fiber. Laser slope efficiency in continuous wave operation reached 52%. The spectroscopic properties of the fabricated fiber are discussed and compared to a Nd:YAG crystal and a Nd:Al-doped silica fiber.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
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2012 (2)

P. D. Dragic, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Mater. 34, 1294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Dragic, Y.-S. Liu, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371E (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Lai, K. Y. Huang, H. J. Tsai, K. Y. Hsu, S. K. Liu, C. T. Cheng, K. D. Ji, C. P. Ke, S. R. Lin, and S. L. Huang, Opt. Lett. 34, 2357 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

D. Furniss, J. D. Shephard, and A. B. Seddon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213–214, 141 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, E. J. Tarbox, and P. R. Morkel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1004 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

Ballato, J.

P. D. Dragic, Y.-S. Liu, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371E (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Dragic, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Mater. 34, 1294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Dragic, P.-C. Law, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Express 18, 10055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, E. J. Tarbox, and P. R. Morkel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1004 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C. T.

Cheng, W. H.

Clarkson, W. A.

Daw, M.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dragic, P.

Dragic, P. D.

P. D. Dragic, Y.-S. Liu, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371E (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Dragic, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Mater. 34, 1294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ellison, M.

Foy, P.

P. D. Dragic, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Mater. 34, 1294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Dragic, Y.-S. Liu, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371E (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Dragic, P.-C. Law, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Express 18, 10055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Furniss, D.

D. Furniss, J. D. Shephard, and A. B. Seddon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213–214, 141 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Goel, N. K.

Granzow, N.

Hawkins, T.

P. D. Dragic, Y.-S. Liu, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371E (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. D. Dragic, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Mater. 34, 1294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Dragic, P.-C. Law, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Express 18, 10055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K. Y.

Huang, K. Y.

Huang, S. L.

Huang, Y. C.

Ji, K. D.

Jiang, S.

Ke, C. P.

Kim, J.-K.

Kokuoz, B.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kominsky, D.

Lai, C. C.

Laming, R. I.

W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, E. J. Tarbox, and P. R. Morkel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1004 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Law, P.-C.

Lin, S. R.

Liu, S. K.

Liu, W. K.

Liu, Y.-S.

P. D. Dragic, Y.-S. Liu, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371E (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. K.

Marciante, J. R.

Matthewson, M. J.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

May-Smith, T. C.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, R. J. Standish, T. C. May-Smith, and J. K. Sahu, “5.4 W cladding-pumped Nd:YAG fiber laser,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012).

McMillen, C.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, S.

Morkel, P. R.

W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, E. J. Tarbox, and P. R. Morkel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1004 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Offerhaus, H. L.

Pickrell, G.

Powers, D. R.

Rao, A. M.

Reppert, J.

Rice, R. R.

Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sahu, J. K.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, R. J. Standish, T. C. May-Smith, and J. K. Sahu, “5.4 W cladding-pumped Nd:YAG fiber laser,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012).

Sanamyan, T.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M. A.

Seddon, A. B.

D. Furniss, J. D. Shephard, and A. B. Seddon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213–214, 141 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, S. R.

Shephard, J. D.

D. Furniss, J. D. Shephard, and A. B. Seddon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213–214, 141 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shori, R.

Stafsudd, O.

Standish, R. J.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, R. J. Standish, T. C. May-Smith, and J. K. Sahu, “5.4 W cladding-pumped Nd:YAG fiber laser,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012).

Stark, S. P.

Stolen, R.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. R. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

Su, Z.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, L.

Tarbox, E. J.

W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, E. J. Tarbox, and P. R. Morkel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1004 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tritt, T. M.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H. J.

Turner, P. W.

Tverjanovich, A. S.

Wang, J. S.

Webb, A. S.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, R. J. Standish, T. C. May-Smith, and J. K. Sahu, “5.4 W cladding-pumped Nd:YAG fiber laser,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012).

Wondraczek, L.

Yoo, S.

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, R. J. Standish, T. C. May-Smith, and J. K. Sahu, “5.4 W cladding-pumped Nd:YAG fiber laser,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012).

Zhang, J.

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zuegel, J. D.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. L. Barnes, R. I. Laming, E. J. Tarbox, and P. R. Morkel, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1004 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, B. Kokuoz, R. Stolen, C. McMillen, M. Daw, Z. Su, T. M. Tritt, M. Dubinskii, J. Zhang, T. Sanamyan, and M. J. Matthewson, J. Appl. Phys. 105, 053110 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

D. Furniss, J. D. Shephard, and A. B. Seddon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 213–214, 141 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (1)

P. D. Dragic, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Opt. Mater. 34, 1294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

P. D. Dragic, Y.-S. Liu, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, and P. Foy, Proc. SPIE 8237, 82371E (2012).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Yoo, A. S. Webb, R. J. Standish, T. C. May-Smith, and J. K. Sahu, “5.4 W cladding-pumped Nd:YAG fiber laser,” to be presented at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (2012).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

EDX line scan profiles (left) and refractive index profile (right) of fabricated fiber with SEM micrograph of fiber cross section (inset).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Fluorescence decay of Nd-doped hybrid fiber (red circles), Nd:Al-doped silica fiber (black triangles), and Nd:YAG crystal (blue inverted triangles). (Data points, experimental results; lines, exponential decay best fit).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured emission cross section of Nd-doped hybrid fiber (red, left vertical axis), Nd:Al-doped silica fiber (black dashed curve, left vertical axis), and Nd:YAG crystal (blue with sharp peak, right vertical axis).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental arrangement for Q-switched Nd-doped hybrid fiber laser.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Laser pulse energy and average power versus repetition rate.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Peak power and pulse width versus repetition rate. Inset: temporal pulse shape.

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