Abstract

Wave-breaking often occurs when a short intense optical pulse propagates in a long normally dispersive optical fiber. This effect has conventionally been avoided in fiber (super-)continuum-based pulse compression because the accumulated frequency chirp of the output pulse cannot be fully compensated by a standard prism (or grating) pair. Thus, the spectral extending capability of the wave-breaking has not been utilized to shorten the compressed pulse. We demonstrate that wave-breaking-free operation is not necessary if a 4f pulse shaper-based compressor is employed to remove both the linear and nonlinear chirp of the output pulse. By propagating a 180 fs (FWHM) input pulse in a nonlinear photonic crystal fiber beyond the wave-breaking limit, we compress the wave-breaking-extended supercontinuum output pulse to the bandwidth-limited duration of 6.4 fs (FWHM). The combination of high compression ratio (28×) and short pulse width represents a significant improvement over that attained in the wave-breaking-free regime.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012 (2)

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, D. Turchinovich, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, H. Li, T. Gunaratne, and S. A. Boppart, Appl. Phys. B 106, 379 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tu, Y. Liu, X. Liu, D. Turchinovich, J. Lægsgaard, and S. A. Boppart, Opt. Express 20, 1113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

2010 (2)

2008 (1)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

1989 (1)

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989).
[CrossRef]

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1984 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed.(Academic, 2007), Chap. 4.

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Baggett, J. C.

Bartelt, H.

Boppart, S. A.

Bosman, G. W.

Brunner, F.

Dantus, M.

Demmler, S.

Desaix, M.

Finot, C.

Furusawa, K.

Giessen, H.

Grischkowsky, D.

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Gunaratne, T.

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, D. Turchinovich, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, H. Li, T. Gunaratne, and S. A. Boppart, Appl. Phys. B 106, 379 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hartung, A.

Heidt, A. M.

Hooper, L. E.

Innerhofer, E.

Johnson, A. M.

Karlsson, M.

Keller, U.

Kibler, B.

Knight, J. C.

Kopf, D.

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, D. Turchinovich, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, H. Li, T. Gunaratne, and S. A. Boppart, Appl. Phys. B 106, 379 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, U. Sharma, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, and S. A. Boppart, Opt. Express 18, 27872 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krok, P.

Lægsgaard, J.

Li, H.

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, D. Turchinovich, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, H. Li, T. Gunaratne, and S. A. Boppart, Appl. Phys. B 106, 379 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Lisak, M.

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

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McConnell, G.

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[CrossRef]

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Monro, T. M.

Mosley, P. J.

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Paschotta, R.

Pastirk, I.

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Quiroga-Teixeiro, M. L.

Richardson, D. J.

Riis, E.

G. McConnell and E. Riis, Appl. Phys. B 78, 557 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rohwer, E. G.

Rothenberg, J. E.

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rothhardt, J.

Schwoerer, H.

Shank, C. V.

Sharma, U.

Siegel, M.

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, D. Turchinovich, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, H. Li, T. Gunaratne, and S. A. Boppart, Appl. Phys. B 106, 379 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, U. Sharma, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, and S. A. Boppart, Opt. Express 18, 27872 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Steinmann, A.

Stolen, R. H.

Südmeyer, T.

Tomlinson, W. J.

Tu, H.

Tünnermann, A.

Turchinovich, D.

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, D. Turchinovich, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, H. Li, T. Gunaratne, and S. A. Boppart, Appl. Phys. B 106, 379 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Tu, Y. Liu, X. Liu, D. Turchinovich, J. Lægsgaard, and S. A. Boppart, Opt. Express 20, 1113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wabnitz, S.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. McConnell and E. Riis, Appl. Phys. B 78, 557 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Tu, Y. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, D. Turchinovich, M. Siegel, D. Kopf, H. Li, T. Gunaratne, and S. A. Boppart, Appl. Phys. B 106, 379 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed.(Academic, 2007), Chap. 4.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a)–(c) Comparison of experimental and theoretical spectra of fiber supercontinuum at three coupling powers; (d) corresponding theoretical pulse profiles in time; (e) corresponding theoretical spectra (log-scale) in optical frequency.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Typical MIIPS trace after pulse measurement and compression; (b) comparison of measured (violet curve) and calculated (green curve) spectral phases, along with residual spectral phase (red curve) and pulse spectrum (black curve); (c) temporal intensity profiles of compressed pulse (red curve) and the corresponding transform-limited pulse (blue curve); (d) temporal intensity profiles of uncompressed (green curve) and compressed (red curve) pulses.

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