Abstract

We report octave-spanning super-continuum generation in a silica photonic crystal fiber (PCF) pumped by a compact, efficient, mode-locked all-normal dispersion Yb:fiber laser. The laser achieved 45% optical-to-optical efficiency by using an optimized resonator design, producing chirped 750 fs pulses with a repetition rate of 386 MHz and an average power of 605 mW. The chirped pulses were compressed to 110 fs with a loss of only 4% by using multiple reflections on a pair of Gires–Tournois interferometer mirrors, yielding an average power of up to 580 mW. The corresponding peak power was 13.7 kW and produced a super-continuum spectrum spanning from 696–1392 nm.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Wang, H. Yang, and Z. Zhang, Opt. Express 19, 25412 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  11. S. Pekarek, T. Sudmeyer, S. Lecomte, S. Kundermann, J. M. Dudley, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 19, 16491 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Damask, J. M.

J. M. Damask, Polarization Optics in Telecommunications (Springer, 2010).

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

I. Hartl, H. A. Mckay, R. Thapa, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMN1.

Dudley, J. M.

Fermann, M. E.

I. Hartl, H. A. Mckay, R. Thapa, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMN1.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

H. Hundertmark, S. Rammler, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 17, 1919 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. W. Hänsch, Th. Udem, T. Steinmetz, and R. Holzwarth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFK2.

Hartl, I.

I. Hartl, H. A. Mckay, R. Thapa, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMN1.

Holzwarth, R.

H. Hundertmark, S. Rammler, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 17, 1919 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. W. Hänsch, Th. Udem, T. Steinmetz, and R. Holzwarth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFK2.

Hundertmark, H.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kundermann, S.

Lecomte, S.

Mckay, H. A.

I. Hartl, H. A. Mckay, R. Thapa, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMN1.

Pekarek, S.

Rammler, S.

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Renninger, W. H.

Russell, P. St. J.

Siegman, A. E.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

Steinmetz, T.

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. W. Hänsch, Th. Udem, T. Steinmetz, and R. Holzwarth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFK2.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sudmeyer, T.

Thapa, R.

I. Hartl, H. A. Mckay, R. Thapa, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMN1.

Thomas, B. K.

I. Hartl, H. A. Mckay, R. Thapa, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMN1.

Udem, Th.

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. W. Hänsch, Th. Udem, T. Steinmetz, and R. Holzwarth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFK2.

Vilar-Welter, P.

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. W. Hänsch, Th. Udem, T. Steinmetz, and R. Holzwarth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFK2.

Wang, A.

Wilken, T.

H. Hundertmark, S. Rammler, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and P. St. J. Russell, Opt. Express 17, 1919 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. W. Hänsch, Th. Udem, T. Steinmetz, and R. Holzwarth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFK2.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

Yang, H.

Zhang, Z.

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, Science 288, 635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. M. Damask, Polarization Optics in Telecommunications (Springer, 2010).

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986).

I. Hartl, H. A. Mckay, R. Thapa, B. K. Thomas, L. Dong, and M. E. Fermann, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper CMN1.

T. Wilken, P. Vilar-Welter, T. W. Hänsch, Th. Udem, T. Steinmetz, and R. Holzwarth, in Conference on Lasers and Electro Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CFK2.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the Yb fiber laser. YDF, ytterbium-doped fiber; CL, collimator; λ/2, half-wave plate; λ/4, quarter-wave plate; ISO, isolator; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; FIL, interference filter; HR, high reflector; HT, high transmittance; M, curved mirror; LD, laser diode; PM, polarization combiner; GTI, Gires–Tournois interferometer.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated coupling efficiency (left axis, solid curve) for light travelling from collimator CL1 to CL2 as the radius of curvature of the intracavity mirror was varied, and measured CW output power (right axis, symbols). The experimental point at a radius of 10000 mm corresponds to a plane mirror.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectrum directly from the mode-locked, Yb fiber laser and (inset) corresponding interferometric autocorrelation shown with best-fit numerical envelope (dashed curves).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Interferometric autocorrelation from the compressed mode-locked Yb fiber. The inset is the calculated pulse profile.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Octave-spanning super-continuum spectrum generated inside a nonlinear fiber pumped by a mode-locked Yb fiber laser. The inset shows an interferometric autocorrelation of the filtered Raman-soliton pulse.

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