Abstract

We demonstrate all-optical demultiplexing of a high-bandwidth, time-division multiplexed 160Gbit/s signal to 10Gbit/s channels, exploiting slow light enhanced four-wave mixing in a dispersion engineered, 96μm long planar photonic crystal waveguide. We report error-free (bit error rate<109) operation of all 16 demultiplexed channels, with a power penalty of 2.22.4dB, highlighting the potential of these structures as a platform for ultracompact all-optical nonlinear processes.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (11)

S. Schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. Beggs, T. White, A. Melloni, and T. Krauss, J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. O’Faolain, S. A. Schulz, D. M. Beggs, T. P. White, M. Spasenović, L. Kuipers, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, S. Mazoyer, J. P. Hugonin, P. Lalanne, and T. F. Krauss, Opt. Express 18, 27627 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. Eckhouse, I. Cestier, G. Eisenstein, S. Combrie, P. Colman, A. De Rossi, M. Santagiustina, C. G. Someda, and G. Vadala, Opt. Lett. 35, 1440 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Corcoran, C. Monat, M. Pelusi, C. Grillet, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Moss, Opt. Express 18, 7770 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Santagiustina, C. Someda, G. Vadala, S. Combrie, and A. De Rossi, Opt. Express 18, 21024 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hu, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Gomez-Agis, C. Okonkwo, A. Albores-Mejia, E. Tangdiongga, and H. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 46, 1008(2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Li, M. Pelusi, D.-X. Xu, A. Densmore, R. Ma, S. Janz, and D. Moss, Opt. Express 18, 3905 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. Pu, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1762 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, M. Ebnali-Heidari, C. Grillet, B. Corcoran, B. J. Eggleton, T. P. White, L. O’Faolain, J. Li, and T. F. Krauss, Opt. Express 18, 22915 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

M. Galili, J. Xu, H. C. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, A. T. Clausen, P. Jeppesen, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, A. Rode, D.-Y. Choi, M. Pelusi, F. Luan, and B. J. Eggleton, Opt. Express 17, 2182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 45, 280(2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, Y. Hamachi, and T. Baba, Opt. Express 17, 22393 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

2004 (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, T. Morioka, O. Kamatani, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 816 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Albores-Mejia, A.

F. Gomez-Agis, C. Okonkwo, A. Albores-Mejia, E. Tangdiongga, and H. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 46, 1008(2010).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baba, T.

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beggs, D.

S. Schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. Beggs, T. White, A. Melloni, and T. Krauss, J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Beggs, D. M.

Bennion, I.

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

Cestier, I.

Choi, D.-Y.

Clausen, A. T.

Colman, P.

Combrie, S.

Corcoran, B.

De Rossi, A.

de Waardt, H.

Densmore, A.

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H.

F. Gomez-Agis, C. Okonkwo, A. Albores-Mejia, E. Tangdiongga, and H. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 46, 1008(2010).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ebnali-Heidari, M.

Eckhouse, V.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eisenstein, G.

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Galili, M.

Gomez-Agis, F.

F. Gomez-Agis, C. Okonkwo, A. Albores-Mejia, E. Tangdiongga, and H. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 46, 1008(2010).
[CrossRef]

Gomez-Iglesias, A.

Grillet, C.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 45, 280(2009).
[CrossRef]

Hamachi, Y.

Hu, H.

H. Hu, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. Pu, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1762 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hugonin, J. P.

Hvam, J.

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. Pu, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1762 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

Jeppesen, P.

Ji, H.

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. Pu, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1762 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kamatani, O.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, T. Morioka, O. Kamatani, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 816 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, T. Morioka, O. Kamatani, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 816 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Koos, C.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T.

S. Schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. Beggs, T. White, A. Melloni, and T. Krauss, J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

Kuipers, L.

Lalanne, P.

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Li, J.

Lipson, M.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

Luan, F.

Luther-Davies, B.

Ma, R.

Madden, S.

Matsuo, S.

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mazoyer, S.

Melloni, A.

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

Morichetti, F.

Morioka, T.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, T. Morioka, O. Kamatani, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 816 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D.

Moss, D. J.

Mulvad, H. C.

Mulvad, H. C. H.

H. Hu, H. C. H. Mulvad, M. Galili, E. Palushani, J. Xu, A. T. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, J. Lightwave Technol. 28, 1789 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 45, 280(2009).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nozaki, K.

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O’Faolain, L.

Okonkwo, C.

F. Gomez-Agis, C. Okonkwo, A. Albores-Mejia, E. Tangdiongga, and H. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 46, 1008(2010).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L.

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. Pu, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1762 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Palushani, E.

Panepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelusi, M.

Pu, M.

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. Pu, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1762 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rey, I. H.

Rode, A.

Santagiustina, M.

Saruwatari, M.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, T. Morioka, O. Kamatani, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 816 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sato, T.

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, S.

S. Schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. Beggs, T. White, A. Melloni, and T. Krauss, J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schulz, S. A.

Shinya, A.

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shu, X.

Someda, C.

Someda, C. G.

Spasenovic, M.

Suzuki, K.

Takara, H.

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, T. Morioka, O. Kamatani, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 816 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Taniyama, H.

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vadala, G.

Vallaitis, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

White, T.

S. Schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. Beggs, T. White, A. Melloni, and T. Krauss, J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

White, T. P.

Xu, D.-X.

Xu, J.

Yvind, K.

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. Pu, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1762 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

H. C. H. Mulvad, L. K. Oxenløwe, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and P. Jeppesen, Electron. Lett. 45, 280(2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawanishi, H. Takara, T. Morioka, O. Kamatani, and M. Saruwatari, Electron. Lett. 31, 816 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Gomez-Agis, C. Okonkwo, A. Albores-Mejia, E. Tangdiongga, and H. Dorren, Electron. Lett. 46, 1008(2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Ji, M. Galili, H. Hu, M. Pu, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. Hvam, and P. Jeppesen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1762 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. (1)

S. Schulz, L. O’Faolain, D. Beggs, T. White, A. Melloni, and T. Krauss, J. Opt. 12, 104004 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

T. F. Krauss, J. Phys. D 40, 2666 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (3)

K. Nozaki, T. Tanabe, A. Shinya, S. Matsuo, T. Sato, H. Taniyama, and M. Notomi, Nat. Photon. 4, 477 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Baba, Nat. Photon. 2, 465 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, Nat. Photon. 3, 216 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, Nature 431, 1081 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (9)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, 2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Top: device layout. The 96 μm PhC is connected to a 10 μm long nanowire and 50 μm long inverse taper. Light is coupled to the silicon waveguide segment via a polymer rib waveguide. Bottom: schematic of FWM demultiplexing. When the signal and pump temporally overlap, the signal is reproduced at the FWM idler wavelength.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

FWM demux experiment. A 40 GHz pulse train is modulated (MZM) and time interleaved (MUX) to provide a 160 Gb / s signal and copropagated with a 10 GHz pulse train in the device under test (DUT) (WS—spectral phase filter, EDFA—erbium fiber amplifier, BPF—bandpass filter, PC—polarization controller, PD—photodetector, BERT—bit error rate test).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Device insertion loss and PhC TE mode group index, (b) spectra captured by optical spectrum analyzer, pump 1553.5 nm , signal 1547.5 nm , generated idler 1559.5 nm . The filtered output spectrum is after a 2 nm filter centered on the idler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a)  160 Gb / s signal and (b)  10 Gb / s idler eye diagrams from a 65 GHz oscilloscope; (c) BER curves for all 16 10 Gb / s channels. “B2B” represents the back-to-back measurement.

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