Abstract

We report a 790nm pumped, Tm3+ doped ZBLAN glass buried waveguide laser that produces 47mW at 1880nm, with a 50% internal slope efficiency and an M2 of 1.7. The waveguide cladding is defined by two overlapping rings created by femtosecond direct-writing of the glass, which results in the formation of a tubular depressed- index-cladding structure, and the laser resonator is defined by external dielectric mirrors. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the most efficient laser created in a glass host via femtosecond waveguide writing.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
2.1 μm waveguide laser fabricated by femtosecond laser direct-writing in Ho3+, Tm3+:ZBLAN glass

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, A. Fuerbach, M. J. Withford, and T. M. Monro
Opt. Lett. 37(6) 996-998 (2012)

Versatile large-mode-area femtosecond laser-written Tm:ZBLAN glass chip lasers

D. G. Lancaster, S. Gross, A. Fuerbach, H. Ebendorff Heidepriem, T. M. Monro, and M. J. Withford
Opt. Express 20(25) 27503-27509 (2012)

High slope efficiency and high refractive index change in direct-written Yb-doped waveguide lasers with depressed claddings

Guido Palmer, Simon Gross, Alexander Fuerbach, David G. Lancaster, and Michael J. Withford
Opt. Express 21(14) 17413-17420 (2013)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. OptoElectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).
  3. M. Bernier, D. Faucher, R. Vallee, A. Saliminia, G. Androz, Y. Sheng, and S. L. Chin, Opt. Lett. 32, 454 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  6. G. Della Valle, S. Taccheo, R. Osellame, A. Festa, G. Cerullo, and P. Laporta, Opt. Express 15, 3190 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. A. G. Okhrimchuk, A. V. Shestakov, K. Khrushchev, and J. Mitchell, Opt. Lett. 30, 2248 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 18, 16035 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.
  10. C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, T. C. Foo, R. C. Moore, W. Zhang, Y. Li, T. M. Monro, A. Hemming, and D. G. Lancaster, Opt. Lett. 33, 2861 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Hu and C. R. Menyuk, Adv. Opt. Photon. 1, 58 (2009).
    [Crossref]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

2003 (1)

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

Androz, G.

Bain, F.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Bernier, M.

Brown, C. T. A.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Calmano, T.

Cerullo, G.

Chang, W. S.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chin, S. L.

Cho, S. H.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[Crossref]

Davis, K. M.

Della Valle, G.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Faucher, D.

Festa, A.

Foo, T. C.

Garcia, J. F.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hemming, A.

Hirao, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hja, A.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Hu, J.

Huber, G.

Jose, G.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Kar, A. K.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Khrushchev, K.

Kim, J. G.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lagatsky, A. A.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Lancaster, D. G.

Laporta, P.

Li, Y.

Mazur, E.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[Crossref]

Menyuk, C. R.

Mitchell, J.

Mitsuyu, T.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[Crossref]

Miura, K.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[Crossref]

K. M. Davis, K. Miura, N. Sugimoto, and K. Hirao, Opt. Lett. 21, 1729 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monro, T. M.

Moore, R. C.

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Osellame, R.

Petermann, K.

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. OptoElectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).

Psaila, N. D.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Qiu, J.

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[Crossref]

Saliminia, A.

Schaffer, C. B.

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Y.

Shestakov, A. V.

Sibbett, W.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Siebenmorgen, J.

Sugimoto, N.

Taccheo, S.

Thomson, R. R.

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Vallee, R.

Whang, K. H.

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. OptoElectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Adv. OptoElectron. (1)

X. Zhu and N. Peyghambarian, Adv. OptoElectron. 2010, 501956 (2010).

Appl. Phys. A (1)

C. B. Schaffer, J. F. Garcia, and E. Mazur, Appl. Phys. A 76, 351 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. H. Cho, W. S. Chang, J. G. Kim, and K. H. Whang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 121907 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

K. Miura, J. Qiu, T. Mitsuyu, and K. Hirao, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 256–257, 212 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

R. R. Thomson, G. Jose, F. Bain, A. A. Lagatsky, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, A. Hja, W. Sibbett, and C. T. A. Brown, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CtuU5.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a)–(c) Range of waveguide structures fs laser written in ZBLAN glass. Structures with increasing complexity were produced to explore waveguide losses as a function of cladding structure and thickness. The writing laser beam entered from the top of the images. Scale bar corresponds to 50 μm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absolute refractive index profile at 637 nm of the WG formed from 24 partially overlapping cylinders direct written at 1 m / min . Inset shows corresponding optical microscope image.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Predicted confinement loss at λ = 1.9 μm for a W depressed cladding WG. Loss of the FM and first higher order mode as a function of cladding width.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured internal slope efficiencies as a function of absorbed 790 nm pump power for the Tm 3 + :ZBLAN WG laser. The inset is the measured Tm 3 + waveguide laser spectrum.

Metrics